Tsinghua UniversitySchool of Public Policy and Management Coal Mine Safety in China By Chourn Chamroeurn ID: 2010280503
Introduction China is first world’s coal largest producers, 2482 Mt (2006), around 40 % of the world. Whereas the US, the second largest producer, only 990 Mt (2006). Focus on domestic market of 70 % of energy needs other than exportation which is estimated 63 Mt, around 2.5 % of its total production (2006).
ConsequencesBut: safety of coal mining in China is worse than other largest producers: the largest coal-mining fatalities in the world, account for about 80%. China is optimist with the declining of the number of the death from between 2000- 2006
Number of dead coal workers Death of Coal Miners from 2000-2006 8000 6995 7000 6434Number of dead people 5798 6027 5986 6000 5670 4746 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year Death of Coal Miners from 2000-2006 Source: China Labor Bulletin
Number of death per Million Tons Coal Miners fatalities per Million tons 6 5.27 5 4.95Number of death per Mt 4.38 4.28 4 3 3.08 2.69 2 1.91 1 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Coal Miners fatalities Year Source: China Labor Bulletin
Government PolicyThree ways to reduce fatality: National Legislation (National People’s Congress) Draft and enacted Mining Safety Law in 1993 established: broad principles of mining safety Safety in mine construction, mine exploitation, Management of mine enterprises, … Coal Law of 1996 (safety at macro level): all coal mines must be licensed by appropriate authorities
Government Policy (cont’) Work Safety Law of 2002: enhancing the control on safety, preventing from accidents Administrative Action vested by Mining Safety Regulations of 1996: step-by- step standard setting outlined by Mining Safety Law State Administration of Work Safety 2001: responsible for industrial health and safety policy and enforcement with Ministry of Fuel Industry and Ministry of Coal Industry which had conflicting responsibilities to set safety standards…
Government Policy (cont’) Judicial interpretation (2007): Supreme People’s Court issued the interpretation of Criminal law that supervisors or operators are subject to three-year imprisonment in case of breaching mining or safety laws for death of one miner. 7-year imprisonment for over 3 person death Term imprisonment for failing to report, misreporting or delaying to report the case of accidents…
ConclusionCoal Mining in China is the serious issue which killed over 40 000 people within 7 years. However, after setting policies by Chinese government, the number of deaths has decreased sharply.
References: Documents: Andrew W. Homer (2009), Coal Mine Safety Regulations in China and the USA, Tulane University Law School, New Orleans, LA, USA UNDP, Strengthening Coal Mine Safety Capacity in China OECD (2009), Cleaner Mine Coal in China, International Energy Agency China Labor Bulletins Websites: http://english.cctv.com http://www.welt.de/english-news/article3251130/China-coal- mine-blast-kills-73-65-still-trapped.html http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-04- 02/china/28117375_1_mine-accidents-gas-explosion-china-s- heilongjiang-province http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining_accident#China