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Visual Dictionary - Chamfer
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Visual Dictionary - Chamfer

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Visual Dictionary - Chamfer Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Illustrated Construction Dictionary BSCI 2300-001 Spring 2009 Chamfer
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper/Air Vapor Barrier
    • A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. When carefully taped at joints and sealed at edges, it is very effective.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation
    • Attics are ventilated not only to allow water vapor to escape, but also to keep the house cooler summer by preventing the buildup of solar heat.
  • 4. Soffit Vent
    • An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.
  • 5. Ridge Vent
    • A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  • 6. Gable Vent
    • A screened , louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic.
  • 7. Roof Turbine
    • A turbine vent is a passive ventilation device that exhausts humid, hot air from an attic. Some forms of turbines are equipped with an electric motor (pictured above).
  • 8. Backhoe (24”)
    • Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of an hydraulic arm. Typically mounted on the rear of a front-end loader.
  • 9. Batter Boards
    • A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the foundation that will be built within the site.
  • 10. Brick Arch
    • A structural device that supports a vertical load by translating it into axial, inclined forces at its supports
    Segmental Arch Gothic Arch
  • 11. Arch with a Keystone Centering
  • 12. Brick Bonds (Running Bond & Stack Bond)
    • Running Bond – Bricks that have been laid in alternating positions consisting entirely of stretchers.
    • Stack Bond – Bricks that have been laid stacked directly on top of the previous course.
    Running Bond Stack Bond
  • 13. Soldiers Headers Headers
  • 14. Sailors Rowlocks
  • 15. Brick Sizes Modular: 3 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 2 3/8” Standard: 3 3/8” x 8” x 2 ¼”
  • 16. Bulldozer
    • A piece of excavating equipment used to push large quantities of soil, sand, or debris. Bulldozers are always equipped with large blade on the front.
  • 17. Brick Cladding
  • 18. EIFS Cladding EIFS
  • 19. Stone Cladding & Wood Cladding
    • A material used as the exterior wall covering of a building. This pattern in this stone cladding is coursed ashlar.
  • 20. Wood Shingle Cladding
    • Wood Shakes – Shingles that have been split from a block of wood.
    • Wood Shingles – Shingles that have been cut and having a uniform thickness.
    • Pictured above are Wood Shingles.
  • 21. Code Requirements: Egress from Window
    • The IBC for emergency exit and rescue from a window requires that the net window area when open be equal to 5.7’. The window pictured above has net open area of 5.625’, and therefore does not meet the IBC.
  • 22. Code Requirements (Residential Stairs) The stairs shown to the right were measured with a tread depth of 11” while the risers were at a height of 7 ½”. The IBC states that for residential stairs the treads shall measure a minimum of 10” and the risers shall measure a maximum of 7 ¾”. These stairs DO meet the IBC.
  • 23. Concrete Joints
    • An intentional linear discontinuity found in large concrete slabs and often sidewalks, for the purpose of controlled cracking in the material to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere.
  • 24. Isolation Joint
    • Isolation joints are used to help relieve stress, in this case of the precast column adjacent the slab-on-grade. Here the column is being isolated from the slab.
    Precast Concrete Column Slab-On-Grade Isolation Joint
  • 25. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
    • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. The most common block is nominally 8”x8”x16”.
  • 26. Decorative CMU Ribbed Concrete Blocks Split – Face Block
  • 27. Exterior Flush Door
  • 28. Exterior Panel Door Top Rail Panel Stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  • 29. Transom & Sidelight
    • Transom - A small window directly above a door.
    • Sidelight – A tall, narrow window alongside a door.
    Transom
  • 30. Electrical Components: Power Pole, Transformer, Service Head, & Meter
  • 31. Electrical Components: Service Panel & Duplex Receptacle
  • 32. #1 Anchor Bolt
  • 33. #2 Sill Plate
  • 34. #3 Floor Joist
    • This home was constructed with a slab-on-grade foundation, therefore no floor joists were required. However, these pre-fabricated “bar joists” serve as the floor joists for the second story floor.
  • 35. #4 Subflooring
    • The load-bearing surface beneath a finish floor.
  • 36. #5 Sole Plate
    • In slab-on-grade construction the framing begins directly on top of the sill plate, in the above photo the sill plate doubles as the sole plate as well.
  • 37. #6 Stud
    • One of many small, closely spaced, parallel wall framing members.
  • 38. #7 Top Plate
    • The horizontal member at the top of a stud wall.
  • 39. #8 Ceiling Joists
  • 40. #9 Rafters
  • 41. #10 Roof Decking
  • 42. #11 Sheathing
  • 43. #12 Stringers
  • 44. Front-End Loader
    • A piece of equipment used primarily to move or load material, to another area or to another piece of equipment such as a dump truck.
  • 45. Gypsum Board
    • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall. The above photo shows “Type X” fire-rated gypsum board.
  • 46. Heat Pump
  • 47. Insulation
  • 48. Lintel
    • A beam that carries the load across the opening of a window or doorway.
    Lintel
  • 49. Mortar Mortar Joint #1 – Joint #1 appears to be a troweled joint, the measured width was 3/8” the type of mortar is most likely N. The above bldg can be considered a commercial use structure. Mortar Joint #2 – Joint #2 appears to be a tooled joint, the measured width of the joint was 3/8”. The mortar type is most likely N. The above bldg can be considered a commercial use structure.
  • 50. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
    • OSB is an engineering, non-veneer panel wood product produced by layering stands of wood in specific orientations.
  • 51. Plumbing: Lavatory & Water Closet
    • Lavatory requires a 1 ½” drain line.
    • Water Closet requires a 3” drain line.
    Lavatory Water Closet
  • 52. Plumbing: Shower/Tub, VTR, & Bathroom Sink
    • VTR- Vent Through Roof, allows the escape of gas from plumbing systems.
    • Bathroom Sink is a “Drop-In” sink.
  • 53. Plywood
    • An engineered wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.
    • Veneer – A thin layer, sheet or facing.
  • 54. Radiant Barrier
    • A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
  • 55. Rebar
    • The above rebar was measured at 3/8” diameter or # 3 rebar. The purpose of the deformations of the rebar are to give added ability of the concrete to bond with the rebar.
  • 56. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Splash block Downspout Downspout – A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower lever. Gutter – A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. Splash block – A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  • 57. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment – A layer of waterproof material such as a building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. Shingle – A thin unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other units to render a sloping roof watertight. Wood Shingles
  • 58. Steep Roof Shapes From left top clockwise: Gable Roof Gambrel Roof Hip Roof
  • 59. Steep Roof Terms Ridge – intersection of two roof planes Valley – trough formed by intersection of two roof slopes. Eave – Horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.
  • 60. Steep Roof Terms Rake – sloping edge of a steep roof. Soffit – Undersurface of a stair or roof overhang. Fascia – The exposed vertical face of an eave.
  • 61.  
  • 62. Stone
  • 63. Vapor Retarder
  • 64. Waterproofing
    • An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. The above waterproofing is fully adhered.
  • 65. Weep Hole
    • A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  • 66. Welded Wire Fabric
  • 67. Windows Casement Window Awning Window Jalousie Window