THE SIX BASIC
PRINCIPLES
OF GOVERNMENT
2

Basic Principles
Popular Sovereignty (people rule)
3

The Preamble to the Constitution begins with
this bold phrase,

“We the People...”
Th...
How do we rule?
4

Voting and Participation.
Voting:
 The people’s power comes in the form of
democracy.
 We have the ri...
Limited Government (pt1)
5





Because the people are
the source of
government power, the
government has only as
much a...
Limited Government (pt2)
6



Much of the Constitution, in fact, consists
of specific limitation on government
power.

Bi...
Separation of Powers
7

Government power is not only limited: it is also
divided.

Limited
Power

Limited
Government
Power...
Separation of Powers
8

The Constitution
assigns specific
powers to each of
the three branches:
Legislative
(Congress),
Ex...
Checks and Balances
9

The system of check and balances extends the
restrictions established by the separation of
powers.
...
10

Basic Principles
Judicial Review
11





One branch’s power to
restrain the others was
not provided in the text
of the Constitution.
The ...
Marbury v Madison (1803)
12











During the Adams administration, William Marbury
sought the position of Justic...
Judicial Review Declared
13








Chief Justice John Marshall declares the Judiciary
Act unconstitutional as grounds...
Federalism
14

A federal system divides power
between a central
government and smaller,
local governments.
This sharing of...
Federalism
15





The effect of a
federal system of
government is the
differences of laws in
each state.
Examples:
 Sp...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The six principles of government

1,674

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,674
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The six principles of government

  1. 1. THE SIX BASIC PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT
  2. 2. 2 Basic Principles
  3. 3. Popular Sovereignty (people rule) 3 The Preamble to the Constitution begins with this bold phrase, “We the People...” These words announce that in the United States, the people establish government and give it its power. The people are sovereign. Since the government receives it power from the people, it can govern only with their consent. Basic Principles
  4. 4. How do we rule? 4 Voting and Participation. Voting:  The people’s power comes in the form of democracy.  We have the right to push into a touch screen our choices for our government. Participation:  Running for elected positions and serving in government.  Influencing your representatives in government. Basic Principles
  5. 5. Limited Government (pt1) 5   Because the people are the source of government power, the government has only as much authority as the people give it. The rule of law applies. All citizens must obey the Constitution of the United States. Authority Basic Principles
  6. 6. Limited Government (pt2) 6  Much of the Constitution, in fact, consists of specific limitation on government power. Bill of Rights  Protections for citizens means limits onThe limits on what the government can do, government power. Article I Section 9  What Congress can’t do. Article II Clause 2 “but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be Basic Principles appointed an Elector.” allows more protection of citizens’ rights.
  7. 7. Separation of Powers 7 Government power is not only limited: it is also divided. Limited Power Limited Government Power Limited Power Power Basic Principles
  8. 8. Separation of Powers 8 The Constitution assigns specific powers to each of the three branches: Legislative (Congress), Executive (President) and Judicial (Supreme Court). (President) (Congress) Basic Principles (Supreme Court)
  9. 9. Checks and Balances 9 The system of check and balances extends the restrictions established by the separation of powers. • Each branch of government has the built-in authority and responsibility to restrain the power of the other two branches. • This system makes government less efficient, but also prevents tyranny by one Basic Principles branch. (p68 in text)
  10. 10. 10 Basic Principles
  11. 11. Judicial Review 11   One branch’s power to restrain the others was not provided in the text of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch’s ability to deem government acts (treaties, appointments, and legislation) unconstitutional grew from a famous court decision. Before Marbury v. Madison(1803), all big profile cases were to be heard in courts created by Congress, according to the Judiciary Act of 1789. Congress called the shots. Basic Principles
  12. 12. Marbury v Madison (1803) 12      During the Adams administration, William Marbury sought the position of Justice of the Peace in Washington DC He was approved by the Senate, and (soon-to-beleaving office), John Adams signed the appointment. In 1800 Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams. Time ran out and the appointments were left to Jefferson. President Jefferson tells Secretary of State James Madison to not deliver the appointments that had not yet been delivered. (Marbury’s included) Marbury sues Madison for not delivering his Basic Principles appointment to office, and uses the Judiciary Act of
  13. 13. Judicial Review Declared 13     Chief Justice John Marshall declares the Judiciary Act unconstitutional as grounds to decide jurisdiction. (Congress can’t tell the Supreme Court what cases to hear.) By doing this, the Court had declared the acts of another branch unconstitutional. This power had not come from the Constitution, but through this decision. Judicial Review is born. Supreme Court’s power to review government acts, including cases withBasic Principles government officials,
  14. 14. Federalism 14 A federal system divides power between a central government and smaller, local governments. This sharing of power is intended to ensure that the central government is powerful enough to be effective, but not threaten States or citizens. It also allows individual States to deal with local problems at the local level—so long Principles Basic as their actions are Federal Government State and Local Governments
  15. 15. Federalism 15   The effect of a federal system of government is the differences of laws in each state. Examples:  Speed limits  Sale of alcohol  Licensing  Teachers  Lawyers Basic Principles
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×