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  • 1. GNH survey findings 2010 for Mongar DzongkhagNote: The findings in this slide is only for Mongar Dzongkhagunless otherwise stated. The Centre for Bhutan Studies
  • 2. Demographics
  • 3. Psychological Wellbeing
  • 4. Health
  • 5. Time Use and Balance
  • 6. Education
  • 7. Cultural Diversity
  • 8. How well can you speak your mother tongue now? 1% 0% 99% Only a little Quite well Very well
  • 9. Importance of Bhutanese Traditions 0.7% 6.8% 0.3% 92.2% Not important Important Very important Dont Know
  • 10. Do you think children respect elders? 2.1% 22.6% 26.7% 48.5% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 11. Do you think children respect parents? 2.5% 19.1% 38.2% 40.2% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 12. Do you think children practice discipline(drig)? 2.2% 19.9% 27.0% 50.9% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 13. Do you think children practice honesty? 2.7% 15.4% 33.5% 48.4% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 14. Do you think children practice tolerance? 11.6% 12.5% 29.9% 46.0% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 15. Do you think children work hard? 0.9% 19.8% 32.8% 46.6% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 16. Do you think children practice obedience to authority? 3.4% 20.3% 31.0% 45.4% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 17. Do you think children take care of family members and relatives? 15.2% 41.9% 42.9% A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 18. Do you think children help others? 0.3% 24.5% 19.6% 55.7% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 19. Do you think children practice impartiality towards rich, poor, etc? 15.8% 13.1% 34.0% 37.1% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  • 20. Women are more suited for domestic work/ house work than men 16% 9% 75% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  • 21. An education is more important for a boy than a girl 23% 14% 63% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  • 22. On the whole, men make better leaders than women do 40% 40% 20% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  • 23. Females tend to carry drip 8% 3% 89%Agree Neither agree nor disagreeDisagree
  • 24. Do you take part in local festivals in your community? 3.4% 35.2% 61.4% Never Sometimes Always
  • 25. In a year, how many days do you spend attending social and cultural activities? 2% 6% 9% 53% 30% None 1-5 days 6-12 days 13-20 days +20 days
  • 26. Frequency of playing traditional games in the past 12 months 0.9% 5.9% 19.3% 73.9% Never A few times a year Once or twice a month More than once a week
  • 27. Frequency of playing modern games in the past 12 months 3.0% 3.1% 3.8% 90.1% Never A few times a year Once or twice a month More than once a week
  • 28. Is Driglam Namzha (etiquette) important? 2.9% 0.7% 96.4% Not important Important Very important
  • 29. Change in Driglam Namzha (etiquette) during the last few years 11.9% 8.7% 79.4% Getting weaker Stayed same Getting stronger
  • 30. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 11.3% 19.1% 69.6% Less compassionate Stayed the same More compassionateGNH Survey 2010
  • 31. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 3.5% 8.3% 88.2% More concerned about material wealth Stayed the same Less concerned about material wealthGNH Survey 2010
  • 32. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 24.8% 43.0% 32.2% More selfish Stayed the same Less selfishGNH Survey 2010
  • 33. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 23.3% 45.8% 30.9% Less honest Stayed the same More honestGNH Survey 2010
  • 34. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 9.9% 19.9% 70.2% Less spiritual Stayed the same More spiritualGNH Survey 2010
  • 35. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 12.2% 48.5% 39.3% Less tolerant Stayed the same More tolerantGNH Survey 2010
  • 36. Change in deterioration of traditional architectural designs in houses over the last 5yrs 11.1% 23.2% 27.7% 38.0% A lot Moderate Little None GNH Survey 2010
  • 37. Good Governance
  • 38. Did you attend zomdue in the past 12 months? 28% 72% No Yes
  • 39. Mean zomdue attendance in the past 12 months6 6 5 4420 Village/Chiwog level Gewog level Thromdue level
  • 40. Performance of the dzongdag in the past 12 months 1.9% 35.3% 62.8% Average Good Very good
  • 41. Performance of the MP (National Assembly) in the past 12 months 1% 0% 9% 50% 39% Very poor Poor Average Good Very good
  • 42. Performance of the MP (National Council) in the past 12 months 1%10% 49% 40% Poor Average Good Very good
  • 43. Did you vote for gup, MP or thromdey representative in the last election? 16% 84% Did not vote Voted
  • 44. Voter turnout by gender Male Female 15% 18% 85% 82% Did not vote VotedGNH Survey 2010
  • 45. Election process 2% 98%Free and fair Not free and fair
  • 46. Involved in case before the court in the past five years 6% 94% Yes No
  • 47. Freedom of media from government influences 20% 23% 34% 24% Not free Quite free Completely free Dont Know
  • 48. Do you have access to BBS Radio? 22% 78% No Yes
  • 49. Do you have access to BBS TV? 32% 68% No Yes
  • 50. Do you have access to newspapers? 23% 77% No Yes
  • 51. Do you have access to internet? 8% 92% No Yes
  • 52. Perception of corruption 24% 57%19% Common Not common Dont Know
  • 53. No. of people involved in corruption in government sectors 2% 21% 20% 4% 53% All Most A few None Dont Know
  • 54. No. of people involved in corruption in private sectors 2% 27% 25% 3% 43% All Most A few None Dont Know
  • 55. No. of people involved in corruption in corporation 2% 16% 30% 4% 49% All Most A few None Dont Know
  • 56. Community Vitality
  • 57. G 10 20 30 40 on 0 gdu e Ts Ch ak al C al i ha in 43 43 42 sk g h Sa a r 41 D lin re g N po ga n ts g 38 38 Kh r Ju ang en me 37 36 gk y h C Ba ar he l a Th rm m an un gr g 33 33 32 D on ra g m 31 N itse ar 30 Sa a n g 26 Ts lam am b i 23Li Mo an ng n g gG me ga ye th r 21 20 l p an Duration of stay in the community by gewog oz g 6 hi ng 6
  • 58. Tr us 10 20 30 tm 0 os to ft he m 32Tr us ts om e of th em 28Tr us ta fe w of th em 19Tr us tn on e of th em 7 Duration of stay in the community by trust in neighbours
  • 59. Duration of stay in the community (in years) 0.5% 17.0% 7.5% 75.0% Less than 1 year 1-5 years Greater than 5 to 10 years More than 10 years
  • 60. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? 48% 52% Did not volunteer Volunteered
  • 61. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? Male Female 41% 45% 55% 59% Did not volunteer Volunteered GNH Survey 2010
  • 62. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? 1 Rural 2 Urban 28% 43% 57% 72% Did not volunteer Volunteered GNH Survey 2010
  • 63. In the past 12 months, did you donate money or goods? 10% 90% Did not provide donation Provided donation
  • 64. 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000Li ng 0 m et ha M ng on 9650 gg ar N 6687 ar an g 4602 Sa lin g Ju r 3555G ye me lp y oz 3332 hi n Sa g 3041 la m Ts b ak i al N in ga g ts Th an an g gr Kh on en g 2490245524312412 gk ha r 2282 Ba la m C ha D ra l i m 19991937 its C ha e Mean donation by gewog sk ha Ts r am an D g re po C he ng rm 1540152214791420 un G g on 1223 gd ue 228
  • 65. Sense of belonging to your local community 2% 19% 78% Weak Somewhat strong Very strong
  • 66. Sense of belonging to your local community by gewog Balam Chali Chaskhar Chermung Dramitse 4% 5% 6% 27% 73% 100% 100% 96% 89% Drepong Gongdue Gyelpozhing Jurmey Khengkhar 18% 3% 5% 11% 10% 41% 56% 82% 100% 84% 90% Lingmethang Monggar Narang Ngatsang Salambi 13% 2% 11% 7% 9% 33% 44% 65% 44% 88% 93% 91% Saling Thangrong Tsakaling Tsamang 5% 7% 6% 9% 10% 87% 85% 90% 100% Weak Somewhat strong Very strongGNH Survey 2010
  • 67. Sense of belonging to the community and voluntary help Weak Somewhat strong 32% 45% 55% 68% Very strong 53% 47% Did not volunteer VolunteeredGNH Survey 2010
  • 68. How much do you trust Bhutanese people in general? 0.7% 16.3% 29.2% 53.7% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of them
  • 69. Trust in Bhutanese people in general by gender Male Female 1% 1% 18% 22% 15% 38% 44% 63% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of themGNH Survey 2010
  • 70. How much do you trust your neighbour? 6.3% 0.4% 52.1% 41.1% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of them
  • 71. Trust in neighbour by gender Male Female 6% 7% 0% 0% 31% 43% 62% 50% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of themGNH Survey 2010
  • 72. People in this community treat you fairly 3% 1% 26% 70% Never Rarely Sometimes Always
  • 73. Would you say this is a neighbourhood where neighbours help each other? 1.3% 1% 33.2% 64.5% Never Rarely Sometimes Always
  • 74. Frequency of socializing with neighbours in the last month 27% 25% 11% 37% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per week
  • 75. Frequency of socializing with neighbours by gender Male Female 25% 22% 29% 28% 12% 9% 41% 34% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per weekGNH Survey 2010
  • 76. Frequency of socializing with relatives in the last month 17% 31% 39% 13% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per week
  • 77. Frequency of socializing with relatives by gender Male Female 17% 17% 31% 31% 38% 14% 40% 12% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per weekGNH Survey 2010
  • 78. Enmity in the community in the past 12 months 10% 90% Yes No
  • 79. Members of your family really care about each other 2% 1% 97% Disagree Neutral Agree
  • 80. You wish you were not part of your family 2% 1% 97% Agree Neutral Disagree
  • 81. Members of your family argue too much 7% 14% 80% Agree Neutral Disagree
  • 82. You feel like a stranger in your family 3% 2% 95% Agree Neutral Disagree
  • 83. You have enough time to spend with your family 11% 27% 62% Disagree Neutral Agree
  • 84. There is a lot of understanding in your family 1% 11% 88% Disagree Neutral Agree
  • 85. Your family is a real source of comfort to you 4% 7% 90% Disagree Neutral Agree
  • 86. Have you been a victim of crime in the last 12 months? 4% 96% Yes No
  • 87. Did you see/know other people being victimized of crime in the last 12 months? 17% 83% Yes No
  • 88. Safety from human harm in the neighbourhood/village 8% 23% 69% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  • 89. Safety from human harm in the village by gender Male Female 2% 12% 18% 28% 60% 80% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safeGNH Survey 2010
  • 90. Safety from wild animals in the neighbourhood/village 7% 29% 64% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  • 91. Safety from ghosts in the neighbourhood/village 10% 28% 62% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  • 92. Safety from ghosts in the village by gender Male Female 10% 10% 19% 53% 37% 72% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safeGNH Survey 2010
  • 93. Ecological Diversity
  • 94. Do you feel responsible for conserving the natural environment? 0.7% 1.2% 11.0% 87.1% Not at all A little responsible Somewhat responsible Highly responsible
  • 95. There should be tougher anti-pollution law 2.3% 0.2% 34.0% 63.5% Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree
  • 96. Community environmental problem: Landslides 20% 37% 22% 22% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  • 97. Community environmental problem: Floods 15% 11% 58% 16% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  • 98. Community environmental problem: Erratic weather patterns 13% 23% 30% 35% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  • 99. Community environmental problem: Littering 15% 17% 53% 15% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  • 100. How often did you reuse materials in the past 12 months? 15% 32% 27% 25% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  • 101. How often did you try to reduce waste in the past 12 months? 16% 30% 28% 26% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  • 102. How often did you segregate waste in the past 12 months? 22% 36% 19% 22% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  • 103. During the past 12 months did you plant trees? 39% 61% Yes No
  • 104. Agricultural land lost to development by farmers in the last 5yrs 11% 23% 66% Yes No Not Applicable
  • 105. Land lost as a result of growing trees naturally on your land 14% 9% 77% Yes No Not Applicable
  • 106. Do you have adequate access to water supply? 22% 78% Yes No
  • 107. By gewog: Do you have adequate access to water supply? Balam Chali Chaskhar Chermung Dramitse 18% 9% 11% 11% 27% 82% 73% 91% 89% 89% Drepong Gongdue Gyelpozhing Jurmey Khengkhar 12% 17% 10% 24% 45% 55% 88% 83% 90% 76% Lingmethang Monggar Narang Ngatsang Salambi 7% 29% 44% 45% 56% 55% 71% 100% 93% Saling Thangrong Tsakaling Tsamang 6% 17% 14% 94% 100% 83% 86% Yes NoGNH Survey 2010
  • 108. Quality of drinking water 1.7% 0.9% 7.6%43.7% 46.1% Very poor Poor Neither good nor poor Good Very good
  • 109. Do you own a vehicle? 32%68% Yes No
  • 110. Modes of transportation used in the past 12 months 7% 1% 21% 29% 17% 24% Drove you car Rode a passanger Public transportation (bus) Taxi Walk Others
  • 111. Use of public transport in last month 6% 3% 3% 16% 73% Hardly ever Once a month More than once a month Once a week Everyday
  • 112. Types of fuel used most often for cooking 1% 44% 46% 10% Kerosene Wood LPG Electricity
  • 113. How do you usually heat your dwelling? 3.2% 0.2% 11.3% 0.2% 85.1% Others Solar Kerosene heater Wood Electric heater
  • 114. Awareness about climate change 7% 21% 50% 21%Not at all Unsure what it isHave some understanding Have a good understanding
  • 115. Awareness about climate change Male Female 13% 3% 19% 42% 24% 58% 21% 21% Not at all Unsure what it is Have some understanding Have a good understandingGNH Survey 2010
  • 116. Change in vegetation cover as compared to previous years 33% 33% 34% Decreased Stayed same Increased
  • 117. Mode of household waste disposal 1.1% 6.7% 1.9% 30.0% 60.3%Dump on open air Dump in forestMunicipal garbage pick-up BurningComposting
  • 118. Quality of agricultural land of farmers 3% 0% 15% 19% 62% Very poor Poor Neither good nor poor Good Very good
  • 119. Agricultural constraints: Wild life 22% 37% 15% 26% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  • 120. Agricultural constraints: Pest and diseases 13% 33% 25% 28% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  • 121. Agricultural constraints: Labour shortage 5% 8% 16% 71% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  • 122. Extent of damages caused by wild animals to crops 22% 33% 17% 28% A lot Some Little Not at all
  • 123. Do you have any land that have not been cultivated due to wild life threats? 8% 92% Yes No
  • 124. Have you lost any livestock to predators? 4% 1% 5% 5% 85% More than 5 4-5 2-3 1-2 Not at all
  • 125. 100 150 200 50 C 0 ha Ts skh a a Th ka r an ling 166 g N ro ga ng t 122120 G san on g gd Ju ue rm Ba ey la m 100100 99 99 Kh Sa en ling gk Sa ha la r D m ra bi m 68 66 66 M its on e gg a 54 50 C Ch r he a rm li Ts un am g 35 33 aLi N ng ng ar m aG et ng ye ha lp ng oz D hin re g po ng Land left uncultivated due to wild life threats by gewog
  • 126. Living Standard