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Development powerpoint part 2
 

Development powerpoint part 2

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    Development powerpoint part 2 Development powerpoint part 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Differences inCommunications ConnectivityAround the World
    • Dollarization –Abandoning the local currency of a country and adopting the dollar as the local currency. El Salvador went through dollarization in 2001
    • Commodity ChainSeries of linksconnecting themany places ofproduction anddistribution andresulting in acommodity thatis thenexchanged onthe worldmarket. Dolomite stone from Jerusalem covers a fireplace in Beacon Hill, Boston, Massachusetts.
    • Barriers to Economic Development• Low Levels of Social Welfare – Trafficking-bullied into poor working conditions – High birth rates, Low life expectancy, large number of dependents – Lack of proper health care – Poor water supply & sanitation – Widespread Disease vectored diseases-spread by a host – Malaria-kills 150,000 children each month• Political Instability-military dictatorships, corruption, revolution• Foreign Debt – World Bank or International Monetary Fund – Structural adjustment loans-economic reform required
    • Foreign Debt ObligationsTotal interest payments compared to the export of goods and services.
    • Foreign Debt ObligationsForeign Debt and Economic Collapse in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2001
    • Widespread Disease • Malaria kills 150,000 children in the global periphery each month.Tamolo, IndiaThis baby sleeps undera mosquito netdistributed to villagersby UNICEF workers.
    • Global Distribution ofMalaria Transmission Risk
    • Areas Threatened by Desertification
    • How Government Policies Affect Development• Governments – get involved in world markets – price commodities – affect whether core processes produce wealth – shape laws to affect production – enter international organizations that affect trade – focus foreign investment in certain places – support large-scale projects
    • Export Processing Zones
    • Governments &Corporationscan createIslands ofDevelopmentPlaces within aregion orcountry whereforeigninvestment, jobs, andinfrastructureareconcentrated.
    • Africa Map• Be able to locate major countries: such as-South Africa, Nigeria, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, R wanda, Somalia and so forth
    • Government-created Island of DevelopmentMalaysian government built a new, ultramodern capital at Putrjaya to symbolize the country’s rapid economic growth.
    • Corporate-created Island of DevelopmentThe global oil industry has created the entire city of Port Gentile, Gabon to extract Gabon’s oil resources.
    • Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) entities that operate independent of state and localgovernments, typically, NGOs are non-profit organizations. Each NGO has its own focus/set of goals. Microcredit program: loans given to poor people, particularly women, to encourage development of small businesses.
    • The End