What's New In CompTIA Security+
Mark Ciampa
431 Million
• A – The current population of the U.S.
• B – How many steps are needed to reach
your room here in the Opryla...
14 Each Second
• A – The number of infants born
worldwide every day
• B – The number of emails you receive
from your most ...
79%
• A – Average pay raise of college
presidents over the last 5 years
• B – The number of Cengage employees
who use ceng...
Illicit Drugs
• A – The biggest threat on your
campus
• B – What you will need after
enduring this presentation
• C – The ...
More Bad News
• Web pages that infect by simply looking at them
(6,000 new infected pages daily, or 1 every 14
seconds)
• ...
Users Are Still Confused
• Massive data breach from computers belonging to
South Carolina's Department of Revenue (DOR)
• ...
Users Are Still Confused
• 2012 survey of American, British and German adult
computer users
• 40% not always update softwa...
Uses Are Still Confused
• 88% use their home computer for online banking, stock
trading, reviewing personal medical inform...
Users Are Still Confused
• 44% don’t understand firewalls
• 25% have not even heard of the term “phishing”
and only 13% ca...
Why Increase In Attacks
• Speed of attacks
• More sophisticated attacks
• Simplicity of attack tools
• Faster detection we...
User Confusion
• Confusion over different attacks: Worm or
virus? Adware or spyware? Rootkit or
Trojan?
• Confusion over d...
Think Of a User
• Will you grant permission to open this
port?
• Is it safe to un-quarantine this
attachment?
• May I inst...
User Misconceptions
• I don’t have anything on my computer
they want
• I have antivirus software so I’m protected
• The IT...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• The new CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) is projected to be rolled out in
the late sprin...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• Current state of security
• New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401)
• Teaching Security+
• ...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
Current State of Security
18
Number of Target Victims
• Current US Population
• 110,000,000 – Target victims
19
How It All Started
• Malwarebytes antivirus
• Phishing email message
20
Real-time Protection
21
Phishing Email
22
23
Wireless Baby Monitor
• Marc G. was his kitchen when started hear strange sounds
coming from the nursery of his two-year-o...
25
Twitter• Twitter account of Associated Press (AP) was broken into
and a fictitious tweet was posted claiming there were "t...
27
Prepaid Debit Cards
• Attackers penetrated the network of a credit card processing company
that handles prepaid debit card...
29
Economic Development Administration
• Recently Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
warned Commerce Department that a "po...
Economic Development Administration
• Next day Commerce Department sent a follow-up email correcting the
numbers but secon...
Economic Development Administration
• Later CIO decided that these computers should be
physically destroyed: not just the ...
Economic Development Administration
• Department of Commerce launched a "comprehensive
incident response improvement proje...
Emily Williams
• U.S. federal government agency that specialized in "offensive
cybersecurity" had been resistant to techno...
Emily Williams
• Emily then started receiving LinkedIn endorsements
for her skills, and males who worked at the
government...
Emily Williams
• Anyone who visited the site was prompted to execute a
Java applet, which was actually a Trojan that explo...
Emily Williams
• Pen team saw that two of the agency's employees had
exchanged information on Facebook about the
upcoming ...
Emily Williams
• Pen testers accomplished all of their goals using Emily
Williams in 7 days
• Test validated what is widel...
39
Craigslist & EBay• Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is warning buyers to
beware
• Attackers masquerading as legitimat...
41
Apple• Apple's Secure Transport library found in all versions of its
operating systems since iOS 6 and OS X 10.9
• Handles...
Apple
if ((err = SSLHashSHA1.update(&hashCtx, &signedParams)) != 0)
goto fail;
goto fail;
if ((err = SSLHashSHA1.final . ....
Apple• 2 "goto fail" lines in a row
• First line would be executed if there is an error
triggered by the "if ((err = SSLHa...
45
Deadliest Attack• Insulin pump worn by diabetics that administers insulin as
an alternative to multiple daily injections
•...
Deadliest Attack• Department of Homeland Security (DHS) report entitled
"Attack Surface: Healthcare and Public Health Sect...
Director of National Intelligence
• What is our greatest global threat?
• A – Terrorism
• B – Weapons of mass destruction
...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• Current state of security
• New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401)
• Teaching Security+
• ...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
New CompTIA exam (SY0-401)
SY0-201 (2008-2011)
51
SY0-301 (2011-2014)
52
SY0-401 (2014-2017)
53
5
Security+ SY0-401 contains primarily updates and expansion of existing SY0-301
objectives to include current technologie...
.
July
2013
August
2013
September
2013
October
2013
November
2013
December
2013
January
2014
February
2014
March
2014
Rema...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• SY0-401 exam objectives released to general
public December 2013
• SY0-401 exam goes liv...
1.0 Network Security
• +Layered defenses
• +Common protocols
• +Common services
• +Unified Threat Managers
2.0 Compliance & Operational Security
• +Information security terminology
• -Physical defenses
• +Data Loss Prevention
3.0 Threats & Vulnerabilities
• -Worms, keyloggers
• +Social engineering
• +Arbitrary/Remote code execution
• ?WEP/IV Atta...
4.0 Application, Data, Host Security
• +Securing static environments
• +Big Data
• +Storage Area Networks
• +Virtualizatio...
5.0 Access Control & ID Mngt
• +Authentication credentials
• +Account management
6.0 Cryptography
• +Comparative strengths & performance of
algorithms
• +Key stretching
• +Certificate authorities
• +Perf...
Personal Observations
• Somewhat deceptive about how much new
material has been added
• New material is more an expansion ...
Personal Observations
• Ignore Suggested Classroom Equipment list
• Ignore Security+ Acronym list
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• Current state of security
• New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401)
• Teaching Security+
• ...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
Teaching Security+
Practical Principles
• Tradeoff
• We can’t win
• The Chain
• What it takes
67
Tradeoff
68
We Can’t Win
• Information security should not be viewed as a
war to be won or lost
• Just as crime like burglary can neve...
We Can’t Win
• As attackers take advantage of a weakness in a
defense, defenders must respond with an
improved defense
• I...
The Chain
71
What It Takes
72
Practical Principles
• Tradeoff
• We can’t win
• The Chain
• What it takes
73
Which Is Better?
• thisisaverylongpassword
• Xp4!e%
• Length always trumps complexity
Length Over Complexity
• Keyboard had only 3 keys: A, B, and C
• Had to create a 2-character password
• How many different...
Length Over Complexity
Number-of-Keyboard-Keys ^ Password-Length = Total-Number-of-
Possible-Passwords
Keyboard Keys Passw...
77
Test Passwords
• How Secure Is My Password
Tennessee Password Policy
• Have 3 of the following 4 characteristics:
• Upper case characters (A-Z)
• Lower case characte...
Password Paradox
• Password paradox – For password to remain secure it should never be
written down but must be committed ...
Weak Passwords
• Common word (Eagles)
• Short passwords (ABCDEF)
• Personal information (name of a child or pet)
• Write p...
Top 10 Passwords
Password Principles
1. Any password that can be
memorized is a weak password
2. Any password that is repeated on
multiple ...
Password Management Application
• Use technology instead of our memory for password management
• Password management appli...
My Password
ÞtqâƒGøÑÆ»¬ŠñB±.Û©¸ùÏŽ"$@mgÉ
84
Password Management Application
• In-memory protection - Passwords are encrypted while the application is running
to conce...
KeePass
86
If You Rely On Memory Only
• Length is more important than complexity
• Do not use passwords that consist of dictionary wo...
88
Use Nonkeyboard Characters
• Make passwords stronger with special characters not on
keyboard
• Created by holding down ...
89
Use Nonkeyboard Characters
Tools
• One-Time Pad
•SSL Test
•Online keylogger
•OpenPuff
90
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• Current state of security
• New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401)
• Teaching Security+
• ...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
Security+ Textbook 5th Edition
Security+ 5e
• Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundaments, 5e
(9781305093911)
• Available August 1, 2014
• Maps comple...
Security+ 5e
• Cryptography moved up to Chapters 5-6
• New “Today’s Attacks & Defenses” openers
• New sectional units
• Ne...
Security+ 5e
• Chapter 1: Introduction to Security
– Challenges of Securing Information
– What Is Information Security?
– ...
Security+ 5e
THREATS
• Chapter 2: Malware and Social Engineering Attacks
– Attacks Using Malware
– Social Engineering Atta...
Security+ 5e
BASIC SECURITY
• Host, Application, and Data Security
– Securing the Host
– Securing static environments
– Ap...
Security+ 5e
CRYPTOGRAPHY
• Chapter 5: Basic Cryptography
– Defining Cryptography
– Cryptographic Algorithms
– Using Crypt...
Security+ 5e
NETWORK SECURITY
• Chapter 7: Network Security
– Security through network devices
– Security through network ...
Security+ 5e
MOBILE SECURITY
• Chapter 9: Wireless Network Security
– Wireless Attacks
– Vulnerabilities of IEEE 802.11 Se...
Security+ 5e
ACCESS CONTROL AND IDENTITY MANAGEMENT
• Chapter 11: Access Control Fundamentals
– What is access control?
– ...
Security+ 5e
COMPLIANCE & OPERATIONAL SECURITY
• Chapter 13: Business Continuity
– What is business continuity?
– Disaster...
Security+ 5e
COMPLIANCE & OPERATIONAL SECURITY
• Chapter 15: Vulnerability Assessment and
Third Party Integration
–Vulnera...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
• Current state of security
• New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401)
• Teaching Security+
• ...
What's New In CompTIA Security+
mark.ciampa@wku.edu
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What's New In CompTIA Security+ - Course Technology Computing Conference

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What's New In CompTIA Security+ - Course Technology Computing Conference

Presenter: Mark Ciampa, Western Kentucky University

The new CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) is projected to be rolled out in the late spring of 2014. This exam will have several significant changes from the previous exam. These include an expanded emphasis on topics such as securing mobile devices, cloud computing, cryptography, and threats and vulnerabilities. In addition, CompTIA is continuing to use performance-based questions on Security+ exams, requiring test-takers to configure firewall access control lists, match ports with services, and analyze log files. What exactly will the new Security+ exam cover? How will the updated Cengage Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition address these changes? And what are the best ways to help students be prepared for the new Security+ exam with its performance-based questions? This session will look at what's new in CompTIA Security+ and how we can teach security to our students.

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What's New In CompTIA Security+ - Course Technology Computing Conference

  1. 1. What's New In CompTIA Security+ Mark Ciampa
  2. 2. 431 Million • A – The current population of the U.S. • B – How many steps are needed to reach your room here in the Opryland Hotel • C – The number of adults worldwide who experienced cybercrime last year 2
  3. 3. 14 Each Second • A – The number of infants born worldwide every day • B – The number of emails you receive from your most needy student • C – The frequency of a cybercrime incident worldwide 3
  4. 4. 79% • A – Average pay raise of college presidents over the last 5 years • B – The number of Cengage employees who use cengage as a password • C – Percentage of Internet users spending 49+ hours per week online who are a victim of cybercrime 4
  5. 5. Illicit Drugs • A – The biggest threat on your campus • B – What you will need after enduring this presentation • C – The only activity that nets more revenue than cybercrime 5
  6. 6. More Bad News • Web pages that infect by simply looking at them (6,000 new infected pages daily, or 1 every 14 seconds) • More attacks originate in U.S. than any other country (33%) • Home users were the most highly targeted sector (93% all targeted attacks) • An infected U.S. computer has an average of 8 instances of malware • U.S. has highest number of infected computers 6
  7. 7. Users Are Still Confused • Massive data breach from computers belonging to South Carolina's Department of Revenue (DOR) • Exposed Social Security numbers of 3.8 million taxpayers plus credit card & bank account data for total of 74.7 GB • Started with employee's computer infected with malware after user opened phishing e-mail • Attacker captured the person's username and password • Installed tools that captured user account passwords on 6 servers • Eventually gained access to 36 other systems 7
  8. 8. Users Are Still Confused • 2012 survey of American, British and German adult computer users • 40% not always update software on computers when they initially prompted • 25% said do not clearly understand what software updates do • 25% said do not understand the benefits of updating regularly • 75% said saw update notifications but over half said needed to see notification between 2-5 times before decided • 25% said do not know how to check if their software needs updating 8
  9. 9. Uses Are Still Confused • 88% use their home computer for online banking, stock trading, reviewing personal medical information, and storing financial information, health records, and resumes • 98% agree important to be able to know risk level of a web site before visiting it (But 64% admit don’t know how to) • 92% think that their anti-virus software is up to date (But only 51% have current anti-virus software that been updated within last 7 days) 9
  10. 10. Users Are Still Confused • 44% don’t understand firewalls • 25% have not even heard of the term “phishing” and only 13% can accurately define it • 22% have anti-spyware software installed, an enabled firewall, and anti-virus protection that has been updated within last 7 days 10
  11. 11. Why Increase In Attacks • Speed of attacks • More sophisticated attacks • Simplicity of attack tools • Faster detection weaknesses • Delays in user patching • Distributed attacks • Exploit user ignorance & confusion 11
  12. 12. User Confusion • Confusion over different attacks: Worm or virus? Adware or spyware? Rootkit or Trojan? • Confusion over different defenses: Antivirus? Firewall? Patches? • Users asked to make security decisions and perform technical procedures 12
  13. 13. Think Of a User • Will you grant permission to open this port? • Is it safe to un-quarantine this attachment? • May I install this add-in? 13
  14. 14. User Misconceptions • I don’t have anything on my computer they want • I have antivirus software so I’m protected • The IT Department takes care of security here at school or work • My Apple computer is safe. 14
  15. 15. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • The new CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) is projected to be rolled out in the late spring of 2014. This exam will have several significant changes from the previous exam. These include an expanded emphasis on topics such as securing mobile devices, cloud computing, cryptography, and threats and vulnerabilities. In addition, CompTIA is continuing to use performance-based questions on Security+ exams, requiring test-takers to configure firewall access control lists, match ports with services, and analyze log files. What exactly will the new Security+ exam cover? How will the updated Cengage Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition address these changes? And what are the best ways to help students be prepared for the new Security+ exam with its performance-based questions? This session will look what's new in CompTIA Security+ and how we can teach security to our students.
  16. 16. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • Current state of security • New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) • Teaching Security+ • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition
  17. 17. What's New In CompTIA Security+ Current State of Security
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Number of Target Victims • Current US Population • 110,000,000 – Target victims 19
  20. 20. How It All Started • Malwarebytes antivirus • Phishing email message 20
  21. 21. Real-time Protection 21
  22. 22. Phishing Email 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Wireless Baby Monitor • Marc G. was his kitchen when started hear strange sounds coming from the nursery of his two-year-old daughter Allyson • Marc and wife entered the nursery and heard a stranger's voice calling out Allyson's name, cursing at her and calling her vile names • Voice was coming from the electronic baby monitor in Allyson's room that contained a camera, microphone, and speaker connected to their home Wi-Fi network • Because they did not have any security set on their wireless network, the attacker had been able to take control of the baby monitor from an unknown remote location • Parents surmised that the attacker knew their daughter's name because he saw "Allyson" spelled out on the wall in her room • Estimated that there are more than 100,000 wireless cameras that can be easily be exploited because they have virtually no security. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Twitter• Twitter account of Associated Press (AP) was broken into and a fictitious tweet was posted claiming there were "two explosions in the White House and [the U.S. President] is injured“ • Even though the tweet was only visible for a matter of minutes before it was removed, because of this fictitious tweet the Dow Jones industrial average dropped immediately (it recovered later in the day) • CBS television websites 60 Minutes and 48 Hours, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, Burger King, and Jeep have been victims of recent Twitter break-ins • U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently said that it would allow public companies to disclose corporate information on social media sites like Twitter 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. Prepaid Debit Cards • Attackers penetrated the network of a credit card processing company that handles prepaid debit cards • Manipulated the balances and limits on just 5 prepaid cards then used withdraw cash from ATMs • One month almost $5 million was fraudulently withdrawn from ATM machines around the world in 5700 transactions • Cell in New York City withdrew $400,000 in 750 fraudulent transactions at 140 ATM locations in the city in only 2.5 hours • A similar attack manipulated balances and withdrawal limits on 12 more cards to withdraw an additional $40 million from ATM machines around the world • New York City cell withdrew $2.4 million in 3000 ATM transactions in just 10 hours. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Economic Development Administration • Recently Department of Homeland Security (DHS) warned Commerce Department that a "potential" malware infection could be occurring within its networks • Security administrators at the Commerce Department identified potentially infected computers as belonging to Economic Development Administration (EDA) • Email sent by Commerce Department security administrators to the EDA said that they found 146 EDA systems that could potentially be infected • In reality, only 2 actually were infected 30
  31. 31. Economic Development Administration • Next day Commerce Department sent a follow-up email correcting the numbers but second email was vague and did not point out the first email was inaccurate • EDA interpreted the second email as a confirmation of the first warning • Confirmed when EDA performed a forensic analysis on 2 computers listed in the second email and found evidence of an infection • Commerce Department told the EDA to reimage the computers (meaning 2 computers) to clean them of malware • But the EDA interpreted it as an instruction to clean at least 146 systems • When EDA said that there were too many computers to reimage (across a network 50 computers can easily be re-imaged in one day) the Commerce Department incorrectly assumed that the EDA had found more computers that were infected • Chief Information Officer (CIO) of EDA instructed that their computers should be isolated from the network 31
  32. 32. Economic Development Administration • Later CIO decided that these computers should be physically destroyed: not just the hard drives cleaned or replaced, but the entire systems--along with mice and keyboards--should be crushed • In 8 months EDA had spent all of the money allocated for this destruction--$170,000--and had to stop • Had their sights set on destroying over $3 million worth of computer systems • The next month the EDA requested from the Commerce Department's IT Review Board over $26 million over the next three years to fund its recovery efforts (request was denied) • EDA spent 50% of its entire IT budget ($2.7 million) in personnel and related costs to address a total of 2 infected computers 32
  33. 33. Economic Development Administration • Department of Commerce launched a "comprehensive incident response improvement project“ • Project has already used a third party to review its incident response capabilities, hired three experienced incident handlers, and put a new security incident tracking system in place • It is unknown how much this new project will finally cost. 33
  34. 34. Emily Williams • U.S. federal government agency that specialized in "offensive cybersecurity" had been resistant to technology-based penetration testing in the past • Pen testers turned to social engineering • Created a fake online profile of "Emily Williams," an attractive 28-year- old who graduated from MIT and had several years of security experience • Profiles of Emily were posted Facebook and LinkedIn, along with a photo (that of a server from a local restaurant that many of the employees of this same government agency frequented) • Testers also posted on several of MIT's university forums using the name Emily Williams • After only 15 hours Emily had 60 Facebook and 55 LinkedIn connections with employees from the targeted government agency and its contractors • After 24 hours she already had 3 job offers from other companies 34
  35. 35. Emily Williams • Emily then started receiving LinkedIn endorsements for her skills, and males who worked at the government agency offered to help her get a jump- start on a new job within the agency • These males said they would help her by-pass normal procedures for receiving a laptop computer and network access, giving her higher levels of access than a new hire would normally have • During Christmas holiday testers created web site with a Christmas card and posted a link to it on Emily's social media profiles 35
  36. 36. Emily Williams • Anyone who visited the site was prompted to execute a Java applet, which was actually a Trojan that exploited a vulnerability • Pen testers were able to gain administrative rights over these agency computers and capture user passwords, install applications, and steal sensitive documents, which, in more irony, contained information about state-sponsored attacks on foreign governments • One of the contractors for this agency who fell for this ploy actually worked as a developer for an antivirus vendor and had access to the antivirus source code, which the testers were able to see 36
  37. 37. Emily Williams • Pen team saw that two of the agency's employees had exchanged information on Facebook about the upcoming birthday of the agency's head of information security • Head did not have a Facebook or LinkedIn account (perhaps for security reasons), so testers directly sent to him an email with a birthday card that pretended to come from one of these agency's employees • The head of security fell victim by opening the card and infecting his computer, thus exposing the crown jewels of the entire system 37
  38. 38. Emily Williams • Pen testers accomplished all of their goals using Emily Williams in 7 days • Test validated what is widely known: because attractive females often receive special treatment in the male-dominated IT industry, social engineering attacks frequently take advantage of this • Pen team also tried a similar test by planting a fake male social media profile to see if any of the females at the agency would fall for it • They did not. 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Craigslist & EBay• Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is warning buyers to beware • Attackers masquerading as legitimate sellers frequently advertise items at "too-good-to-be-true" prices to entice a large number of victims • Attackers do not post photos of the item for sale but instead offer to send a photo as an email attachment or as a link upon request • Photo attachments contain malware: when the recipients open the attachment their computers become infected • Potential buyers are encouraged request original posting be modified so that it includes a photo 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. Apple• Apple's Secure Transport library found in all versions of its operating systems since iOS 6 and OS X 10.9 • Handles establishing encrypted connection for Apple applications (Apple Mail, iBooks, FaceTime, Calendar, Keynote, Safari browser, and Software Update applications) • Library is used for the most common cryptographic transport algorithms of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) • A coding error in the Apple library is responsible for a security vulnerability 42
  43. 43. Apple if ((err = SSLHashSHA1.update(&hashCtx, &signedParams)) != 0) goto fail; goto fail; if ((err = SSLHashSHA1.final . . . 43
  44. 44. Apple• 2 "goto fail" lines in a row • First line would be executed if there is an error triggered by the "if ((err = SSLHashSHA1.update" line • Second line is not based on a condition (even though it is indented) and "goto fail" will always be executed, even if there was not an error • Code leaps over another call and result is that a verification will always succeed and never fail • Attackers could perform man-in-the-middle attack and return false data that appears that it came from a valid web server and has been cryptographically verified 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. Deadliest Attack• Insulin pump worn by diabetics that administers insulin as an alternative to multiple daily injections • Diabetic security researcher demonstrated wireless attack on an insulin pump that could secretly change the delivery dosage of insulin to the patient up to 300 feet away • Another security researcher broke into defibrillator used to stabilize heartbeats and reprogrammed it, then disabled power-save mode so the battery ran down in hours instead of years • Threat was so real that a former vice president of the U.S. had his defibrillator removed and replaced with one that lacked capabilities that an attacker might exploit 46
  47. 47. Deadliest Attack• Department of Homeland Security (DHS) report entitled "Attack Surface: Healthcare and Public Health Sector" says “now becoming a major concern. . . . pose a significant threat to the public and private sector" • Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates the design and manufacture of medical devices issued an "FDA Safety Communication" document recommending that medical device manufacturers and health care facilities should "take steps to assure that appropriate safeguards are in place to reduce the risk of failure due to cyberattack” • FDA has stated that for any medical devices that do not "appropriately address" security risks "might consider" withholding its approval of the device 47
  48. 48. Director of National Intelligence • What is our greatest global threat? • A – Terrorism • B – Weapons of mass destruction • C – Cybersecurity 48
  49. 49. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • Current state of security • New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) • Teaching Security+ • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition
  50. 50. What's New In CompTIA Security+ New CompTIA exam (SY0-401)
  51. 51. SY0-201 (2008-2011) 51
  52. 52. SY0-301 (2011-2014) 52
  53. 53. SY0-401 (2014-2017) 53
  54. 54. 5 Security+ SY0-401 contains primarily updates and expansion of existing SY0-301 objectives to include current technologies and security concerns.  There are more scenario based objectives, which are often used for performance based questions in CompTIA exams. Notable updates  Expansion of common protocols and services  More content devoted to risk, including risks due to systems integration with third parties and how to plan for them  New emphasis on mobile security and BYOD  Risk mitigation in static environments including SCADA and Android/iOS.  Expanded and elevated (scenario based) authentication, authorization and access control, including federation. Changes in SY0-401 (Spring 2014)
  55. 55. . July 2013 August 2013 September 2013 October 2013 November 2013 December 2013 January 2014 February 2014 March 2014 Remaining 2014 2013-2014 Translation Schedule Exam Retirements CompTIA 2013 Product Calendar Effective October 1, 2013 dates subject to change A+ (701/702) 8/31/13-English 12/31/13- All Languages Green IT IT for Sales 12/31/13 PDI+ 1/31/2014 CDIA+ (225-030) 3/31/14-All Languages Healthcare IT A+ (800 Series) Japanese-June 2013 German- September 2013 LAM Spanish- Q4 2013 Thai- Q4 2013 Arabic- Q1 2014 French- Q4 2013 Chinese- Q4 2013 Security+ (SYO-004) Item Writing September 16-20,2013 Mobility+ (MBO-001) Cut Score Workshop Aug 19-23 Network+ (N10-005) Item Refresh Aug 26-30 CASP Refresh JTA Oct 7-11, 2013 October 1, 2013 Launch CVO-001 iOS: IOS-001 Android : ADR-001 October 15, 2013 Launch Security+ (SY0-401) May 2014 CASP (CAS-002) August 2014 Network+ (NI0-006) Q4 2014 Strata IT Fundamentals (FC0-U51) Security+ (SY0-004) JTA July 8-12, 2013 Security+ (SY0-401) Objectives Release Security+ Refresh Cut Score Nov 11-15, 2013 MB0-001 November 1, 2013 Launch
  56. 56. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • SY0-401 exam objectives released to general public December 2013 • SY0-401 exam goes live May 2014 • SY0-301 exam objectives 11 pages • SY0-401 exam objectives 15 pages
  57. 57. 1.0 Network Security • +Layered defenses • +Common protocols • +Common services • +Unified Threat Managers
  58. 58. 2.0 Compliance & Operational Security • +Information security terminology • -Physical defenses • +Data Loss Prevention
  59. 59. 3.0 Threats & Vulnerabilities • -Worms, keyloggers • +Social engineering • +Arbitrary/Remote code execution • ?WEP/IV Attacks • ?Rainbow tables
  60. 60. 4.0 Application, Data, Host Security • +Securing static environments • +Big Data • +Storage Area Networks • +Virtualization & Cloud computing • ++Mobile devices • ??Mainframe
  61. 61. 5.0 Access Control & ID Mngt • +Authentication credentials • +Account management
  62. 62. 6.0 Cryptography • +Comparative strengths & performance of algorithms • +Key stretching • +Certificate authorities • +Perfect forward secrecy
  63. 63. Personal Observations • Somewhat deceptive about how much new material has been added • New material is more an expansion of existing topics than entirely new topics (going deeper instead of wider) • Watch for Given a scenario as trigger for performance-based questions
  64. 64. Personal Observations • Ignore Suggested Classroom Equipment list • Ignore Security+ Acronym list
  65. 65. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • Current state of security • New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) • Teaching Security+ • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition
  66. 66. What's New In CompTIA Security+ Teaching Security+
  67. 67. Practical Principles • Tradeoff • We can’t win • The Chain • What it takes 67
  68. 68. Tradeoff 68
  69. 69. We Can’t Win • Information security should not be viewed as a war to be won or lost • Just as crime like burglary can never be completely eradicated neither can attacks against technology • The goal is not a complete victory but instead maintaining equilibrium 69
  70. 70. We Can’t Win • As attackers take advantage of a weakness in a defense, defenders must respond with an improved defense • Information security is an endless cycle between attacker and defender 70
  71. 71. The Chain 71
  72. 72. What It Takes 72
  73. 73. Practical Principles • Tradeoff • We can’t win • The Chain • What it takes 73
  74. 74. Which Is Better? • thisisaverylongpassword • Xp4!e% • Length always trumps complexity
  75. 75. Length Over Complexity • Keyboard had only 3 keys: A, B, and C • Had to create a 2-character password • How many different passwords could we create? • What’s the relationship between those numbers?
  76. 76. Length Over Complexity Number-of-Keyboard-Keys ^ Password-Length = Total-Number-of- Possible-Passwords Keyboard Keys Password Length Possible Passwords 95 2 9,025 95 3 857,375 95 4 81,450,625 95 6 735,091,890,62 5 189 6 4.5579633e+13
  77. 77. 77 Test Passwords • How Secure Is My Password
  78. 78. Tennessee Password Policy • Have 3 of the following 4 characteristics: • Upper case characters (A-Z) • Lower case characters (a-z) • Digits (0-9) • Non alphanumeric characters (~ ! # % * _ -) • Is not a word in any language, slang, dialect, or jargon, etc. • Is not based on personal information. • Minimum of eight (8) characters
  79. 79. Password Paradox • Password paradox – For password to remain secure it should never be written down but must be committed to memory. • Password should also be of a sufficient length and complexity that an attacker cannot easily determine • Paradox: although lengthy and complex passwords should be used and never written down, it is very difficult to memorize these types of passwords. • Users have multiple accounts for computers at work, school, and home, e-mail accounts, banks, online Internet stores, and each account has its own password
  80. 80. Weak Passwords • Common word (Eagles) • Short passwords (ABCDEF) • Personal information (name of a child or pet) • Write password down • Predictable use of characters • Not change password • Reuse same password
  81. 81. Top 10 Passwords
  82. 82. Password Principles 1. Any password that can be memorized is a weak password 2. Any password that is repeated on multiple accounts is a weak password
  83. 83. Password Management Application • Use technology instead of our memory for password management • Password management application – Allow user to store username and password, along with other account details • Application is itself protected by a single strong password, and can even require the presence of a file on a USB flash drive before the program will open • Allows user to retrieve usernames and passwords without the need to remember or even type them • Allows for very strong passwords:
  84. 84. My Password ÞtqâƒGøÑÆ»¬ŠñB±.Û©¸ùÏŽ"$@mgÉ 84
  85. 85. Password Management Application • In-memory protection - Passwords are encrypted while the application is running to conceal passwords • Key files - In order to open the password database key file must also be present • Lock to user account - The database can be locked so that it can only be opened by the same person who created it • Password groupings - User passwords can be arranged as a tree, so that a group can have subgroups • Random password generator - A built-in random password generator can create strong random passwords based on different settings
  86. 86. KeePass 86
  87. 87. If You Rely On Memory Only • Length is more important than complexity • Do not use passwords that consist of dictionary words or phonetic words • Do not use birthdays, family member names, pet names, addresses, or any personal information • Do not repeat characters (xxx) or use sequences (abc, 123, qwerty) • Minimum of 12 characters in length or for accounts that require higher security a minimum of 18 characters is recommended • Consider using a longer passphrase but not in normal English sequence: not theraininspainfallsmainlyontheplain but instead use in sequence mainlyinonthethespainrainfalls • Use nonkeyboard characters
  88. 88. 88 Use Nonkeyboard Characters • Make passwords stronger with special characters not on keyboard • Created by holding down ALT key while simultaneously typing a number on numeric keypad (but not the numbers across the top of the keyboard); ALT + 0163 produces £. • To see a list of all the available non-keyboard characters click Start and Run and enter charmap.exe; click on character and the code ALT + 0xxx will appear in lower-right corner if can be reproduced in Windows
  89. 89. 89 Use Nonkeyboard Characters
  90. 90. Tools • One-Time Pad •SSL Test •Online keylogger •OpenPuff 90
  91. 91. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • Current state of security • New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) • Teaching Security+ • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition
  92. 92. What's New In CompTIA Security+ Security+ Textbook 5th Edition
  93. 93. Security+ 5e • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundaments, 5e (9781305093911) • Available August 1, 2014 • Maps completely to new SY0-401 exam objectives • Retains popular format • Increased from 14 to 15 chapters (new chapter on Mobile Device Security) • Increased chapter length by 2-3 pages
  94. 94. Security+ 5e • Cryptography moved up to Chapters 5-6 • New “Today’s Attacks & Defenses” openers • New sectional units • New and updated Review Questions, Hands-On Projects, Case Projects • New lecture videos • New material on companion web site to be updated regularly
  95. 95. Security+ 5e • Chapter 1: Introduction to Security – Challenges of Securing Information – What Is Information Security? – Who Are the Attackers? – Attacks and Defenses
  96. 96. Security+ 5e THREATS • Chapter 2: Malware and Social Engineering Attacks – Attacks Using Malware – Social Engineering Attacks • Chapter 3: Application and Networking-Based Attacks – Application Attacks – Networking-Based Attacks
  97. 97. Security+ 5e BASIC SECURITY • Host, Application, and Data Security – Securing the Host – Securing static environments – Application Security – Securing Data
  98. 98. Security+ 5e CRYPTOGRAPHY • Chapter 5: Basic Cryptography – Defining Cryptography – Cryptographic Algorithms – Using Cryptography • Chapter 6: Advanced Cryptography – Digital Certificates – Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) – Key Management – Transport Encryption Algorithms
  99. 99. Security+ 5e NETWORK SECURITY • Chapter 7: Network Security – Security through network devices – Security through network technologies – Security through network design elements • Chapter 8: Administering a Secure Network – Common Network Protocols – Network Administration Principles – Securing Network Applications
  100. 100. Security+ 5e MOBILE SECURITY • Chapter 9: Wireless Network Security – Wireless Attacks – Vulnerabilities of IEEE 802.11 Security – Wireless Security Solutions • Chapter 10: Mobile Device Security – Types Mobile Devices – Mobile Device Risks – Securing Mobile Devices
  101. 101. Security+ 5e ACCESS CONTROL AND IDENTITY MANAGEMENT • Chapter 11: Access Control Fundamentals – What is access control? – Implementing access control – Authentication Services • Chapter 12: Authentication and Account Management – Authentication Credentials – Single sign-on – Account Management
  102. 102. Security+ 5e COMPLIANCE & OPERATIONAL SECURITY • Chapter 13: Business Continuity – What is business continuity? – Disaster recovery – Environmental Controls – Incident Response Procedures – Forensics • Chapter 14: Risk Mitigation – Controlling Risk – Reducing Risk through Policies – Awareness and Training
  103. 103. Security+ 5e COMPLIANCE & OPERATIONAL SECURITY • Chapter 15: Vulnerability Assessment and Third Party Integration –Vulnerability Assessment –Vulnerability Scanning vs. Penetration Testing –Third Party Integration –Summary
  104. 104. What's New In CompTIA Security+ • Current state of security • New CompTIA Security+ exam (SY0-401) • Teaching Security+ • Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals 5th Edition
  105. 105. What's New In CompTIA Security+ mark.ciampa@wku.edu
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