Energy Crises of Pakistan

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2010-CH-69 Talha Ali

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  • gud work. how to download these slides???
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  • the numbers given here is outdated now........installed capacity in 11-12 acc to hydro carbon development of pk is now 22757MW etc and all other figures are also changed now
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  • plz mail me these slides on my id sbainamughal@gmail.com
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  • Please email this presentation to me i am very thankful to you. Note my email address is saad.jamilrana@gmail.com
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  • AOA pl send these slide at my email ...
    inayatullah@nim-khi.edu.pk
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Energy Crises of Pakistan

  1. 1. ENERGY CRISES OF PAKISTAN <br />CAUSES AND REMEDY<br />
  2. 2. CONTENTS<br />INTRODUCTION<br />OBJECTIVES<br />ENERGY RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN<br />TEN YEARS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION<br />CAUSES OF ENERGY CRISIS<br />RECOMMENDATIONS<br />CONCLUSIONS<br />
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES<br />WHY PAKISTAN IS FACING SUCH CRISIS ?<br />WHAT ARE REASONS BEHIND IT ?<br />WHY PAKISTAN IS NOT UTILIZING RESOURCES?<br />WHY PAKISTAN IS IMPORTING COAL IF IT ALREADY HAS LARGE AMOUNT OF COAL ?<br />WHY HALF OF POPULATION OF PAKISTAN HAS NO ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY?<br />
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION<br />ROLE OF ENERGY IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT<br />ROLE OF ENRGY IN SOCIO-ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT<br />USES<br />INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL SECTOR<br />DOMESTIC USE OF CITIZENS<br />
  5. 5. ENERGY SECTOR IN PAKISTAN<br />AT PRESENT ENERGY IS GENERATED BY ONLY THREE MODES<br />Thermal 65%<br />Hydel 33%<br />Nuclear 2<br />Two companies that produces electricity in Pakistan<br />WAPDA<br />KESC<br />
  6. 6. SUPPLY AND DEMAND<br />The total power production capacity in country is 19,500MW<br />Country is falling short of 4500MW<br />The demand of electricity is growing at the annual rate of 9%,while supply of electricity is increasing at comparatively slower rate of 7%<br />
  7. 7. SUPPLY & DEMAND<br />According to a survey<br />Household sector 44.2%<br />Industries 31.1%<br />Agriculture 14.3%<br />Government sector 7.4%<br />Commercial 5.5%<br />Street lights 0.7%<br />
  8. 8. SUPPLY THROUGH POWER PLANTS<br />Thermal power stations<br />WAPDA operates-11 stations<br />KESC operates -4 stations<br />IPPS operates-14 stations independently<br />Hydel power Generation<br />Tarbela Dam1750 MW<br />Mangla Dam-900MW<br />Nuclear power generation<br /> Two nuclear reactors of 425MW power to generate electricity<br />
  9. 9. ENERGY RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN<br />PAKISTAN’S CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES<br />
  10. 10. CONTD….<br />PAKISTAN RENEW ABLE ENERGY RESOURCES<br />WIND ENERGY<br />SOLAR ENERGY<br />BIOMASS AND BIO FUELS<br />GEOTHERMAL ENERGY<br />
  11. 11. TEN YEARS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION<br />
  12. 12. CAUSES OF ENERGY CRISIS<br />ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL STABILITY<br />FLUCTUATION OF OIL PRICES IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET<br />FAULTY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM<br />AGEING OF EQUIPMENT<br />UNPRODUCTIVE EFFORTS<br />SILTING PROCESS<br />MISMANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES<br />
  13. 13. RECOMMENDATIONS<br />A GOOG PLANNING IS NEEDED TO OVERCOME THIS INCREASING CRISIS:<br />SHORT TERM PLAN<br />MEDIUM TERM PLAN<br />LONG TERM PLAN<br />
  14. 14. SHORT TERM PLAN<br />INCREASE IPPs(Independent power producers)<br />REACTIVATE CLOSED POWER STATIONS<br />RENEW POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM<br />IMPORT ELECTRICITY TILL CRISIS<br />
  15. 15. MID-TERM PLAN<br />UTILIZATION RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES<br />INSTALLATION OF SOLAR,WIND, BIOGAS AND WIND PROJECTS IN ELLIGIBLE AREAS<br />
  16. 16. LONG TERM PLAN<br />DEVELOPING AND INSTALLING COAL BASED POWERHOUSES<br />INITIATE ENERGY AGREEMENTS WITH FRIENDLY COUNTRIES<br />EXPLORATION OF MORE OIL,GAS AND COAL FIELDS<br />UPGRADATION IN TRAINING COURSES FOR ENGINEERS<br />
  17. 17. CONCLUSIONS<br />GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN MUST TAKE STEPS <br />ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM COAL MUST BE INITIATED<br />
  18. 18. THANKS<br />

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