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Energy Crises of Pakistan

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2010-CH-69 Talha Ali

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  • 1. ENERGY CRISES OF PAKISTAN
    CAUSES AND REMEDY
  • 2. CONTENTS
    INTRODUCTION
    OBJECTIVES
    ENERGY RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN
    TEN YEARS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    CAUSES OF ENERGY CRISIS
    RECOMMENDATIONS
    CONCLUSIONS
  • 3. OBJECTIVES
    WHY PAKISTAN IS FACING SUCH CRISIS ?
    WHAT ARE REASONS BEHIND IT ?
    WHY PAKISTAN IS NOT UTILIZING RESOURCES?
    WHY PAKISTAN IS IMPORTING COAL IF IT ALREADY HAS LARGE AMOUNT OF COAL ?
    WHY HALF OF POPULATION OF PAKISTAN HAS NO ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY?
  • 4. INTRODUCTION
    ROLE OF ENERGY IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
    ROLE OF ENRGY IN SOCIO-ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT
    USES
    INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
    DOMESTIC USE OF CITIZENS
  • 5. ENERGY SECTOR IN PAKISTAN
    AT PRESENT ENERGY IS GENERATED BY ONLY THREE MODES
    Thermal 65%
    Hydel 33%
    Nuclear 2
    Two companies that produces electricity in Pakistan
    WAPDA
    KESC
  • 6. SUPPLY AND DEMAND
    The total power production capacity in country is 19,500MW
    Country is falling short of 4500MW
    The demand of electricity is growing at the annual rate of 9%,while supply of electricity is increasing at comparatively slower rate of 7%
  • 7. SUPPLY & DEMAND
    According to a survey
    Household sector 44.2%
    Industries 31.1%
    Agriculture 14.3%
    Government sector 7.4%
    Commercial 5.5%
    Street lights 0.7%
  • 8. SUPPLY THROUGH POWER PLANTS
    Thermal power stations
    WAPDA operates-11 stations
    KESC operates -4 stations
    IPPS operates-14 stations independently
    Hydel power Generation
    Tarbela Dam1750 MW
    Mangla Dam-900MW
    Nuclear power generation
    Two nuclear reactors of 425MW power to generate electricity
  • 9. ENERGY RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN
    PAKISTAN’S CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES
  • 10. CONTD….
    PAKISTAN RENEW ABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
    WIND ENERGY
    SOLAR ENERGY
    BIOMASS AND BIO FUELS
    GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
  • 11. TEN YEARS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • 12. CAUSES OF ENERGY CRISIS
    ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL STABILITY
    FLUCTUATION OF OIL PRICES IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET
    FAULTY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
    AGEING OF EQUIPMENT
    UNPRODUCTIVE EFFORTS
    SILTING PROCESS
    MISMANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES
  • 13. RECOMMENDATIONS
    A GOOG PLANNING IS NEEDED TO OVERCOME THIS INCREASING CRISIS:
    SHORT TERM PLAN
    MEDIUM TERM PLAN
    LONG TERM PLAN
  • 14. SHORT TERM PLAN
    INCREASE IPPs(Independent power producers)
    REACTIVATE CLOSED POWER STATIONS
    RENEW POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
    IMPORT ELECTRICITY TILL CRISIS
  • 15. MID-TERM PLAN
    UTILIZATION RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
    INSTALLATION OF SOLAR,WIND, BIOGAS AND WIND PROJECTS IN ELLIGIBLE AREAS
  • 16. LONG TERM PLAN
    DEVELOPING AND INSTALLING COAL BASED POWERHOUSES
    INITIATE ENERGY AGREEMENTS WITH FRIENDLY COUNTRIES
    EXPLORATION OF MORE OIL,GAS AND COAL FIELDS
    UPGRADATION IN TRAINING COURSES FOR ENGINEERS
  • 17. CONCLUSIONS
    GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN MUST TAKE STEPS
    ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM COAL MUST BE INITIATED
  • 18. THANKS

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