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Presentation for World Development

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  1. 1. SWAZILAND Miks Celmins The Kingdom of Swaziland Ngwane Swatini
  2. 2. The flag
  3. 3. Coat of arms
  4. 4. motto <ul><li>&quot;Siyinqaba&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We are a fortress“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We are a mystery/riddle“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We hide ourselves away“ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Location <ul><li>Landlocked </li></ul><ul><li>In the Southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Bordered : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N, S, W by South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E by Mozambiqu e </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. General information <ul><li>Capital – Lombamba (royal & legislative) </li></ul><ul><li>Largest city – Mbabane </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages – English, SiSwati </li></ul><ul><li>Politics – Absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Area - 17,364 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Population – 1,185,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Drives on the left </li></ul>
  7. 8. History <ul><li>The autonomy was dictated by British rule of southern Africa in the 19 th and 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>In 1881 the British government signed a convention recognizing Swazi independence </li></ul><ul><li>C ontroversial land and mineral rights concessions were made under the authority of the Foreign Jurisdiction Act of 1890 in terms of which the administration of Swaziland was also placed under that of the then South African Republic </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Second Boe r war (1899–1902). The b iggest conflict with South African Repu blic </li></ul><ul><li>On 4 October 1899, Commissioner Krogh issued an official notice of evacuation for &quot;all white inhabitants“ . Most of the British were escorted towards the border with Mozambique or Colony of Natal. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Politics - government <ul><li>The head of state – The king Mswati III </li></ul><ul><li>( ascended to the throne in 1986 after his father King Sobhuza II ) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The Senate - 30 members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and others elected by the lower house </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The House of Assembly - 65 seats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55 of which are occupied by elected representatives from the 55 constituencies around the country, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and the attorney general is the ex-offici al member s . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elections are held every five years </li></ul>
  11. 12. Four districts <ul><li>- Swaziland is divided into four districts: </li></ul><ul><li>Hhohho (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Lubombo (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Manzini (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Shiselweni (4) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Economy <ul><li>Swaziland’s economy is diversified, with agriculture, forestry , manufacturing (textiles and sugar-related processing) </li></ul><ul><li>the majority of the population – about 75%—is employed in agriculture </li></ul>
  13. 15. Health <ul><li>critically affected by the HIV and AIDS pandemic ( the highest HIV infection rate in the world ) - 61% deaths were caused by HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>the lowest life expectancy at 32 years </li></ul><ul><li>P M Themba Dlamini declared a humanitarian crisis due to the combined effect of drought, land degradation increased HIV/AIDS. Life expectancy has fallen from 61 years in 2000 to 32 years in 2009 </li></ul>
  14. 16. Education <ul><li>now free at primary level mainly 1st and 2nd grades and also free for orphaned and vulnerable children but not compulsory . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1996, the net primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%, with gender parity at the primary level. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five . </li></ul><ul><li>The University of Swaziland provides higher education. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Climate <ul><li>( Spring ) Sept . – Oct . 18 °C (64.4 °F) </li></ul><ul><li>( Summer ) Nov . – Mar . 20 °C (68 °F) </li></ul><ul><li>( Autumn ) Apr . – May 17 °C (62.6 °F) </li></ul><ul><li>( Winter ) June – Aug . 13 °C (55.4 °F) </li></ul>
  16. 18. Video for tourists