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WWF Aquaculture Dialogue standards and ASC certification
 

WWF Aquaculture Dialogue standards and ASC certification

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By Dr Piers Hart

By Dr Piers Hart

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    WWF Aquaculture Dialogue standards and ASC certification WWF Aquaculture Dialogue standards and ASC certification Presentation Transcript

    • WWF working towards a sustainable future for aquaculture WWF Aquaculture Dialogues Dr Piers Reid Hart 14 October 2009
    • WWF is a conservation organisation We believe in projects that are: • Good for People and Nature • Protect Biodiversity • Contribute to One Planet Food
    • Why is WWF interested in Aquaculture? Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal farming sector
    • World livestock production Fishstat & FAOstat Farmed Beef Wild fish 14% 2006 fish 12% 14% Pork 23% Eggs 14% Poultry 20% Mutton 3% 285 million tonnes 414 million tonnes
    • World v UK Production 2006 414 million tonnes 5 million tonnes
    • But Aquaculture also has: The most efficient food conversion in the animal farming sector
    • If I had 1 tonne of feed I could produce roughly: 150 kg beef or 300 kg of pork or 500 kg of chicken, or almost 1 tonne of fish
    • But aquaculture has impacts: Mangrove loss Escape of exotics Inappropriate use of antibiotics & chemicals Social & labor Unsustainable feed ingredients Loss of biodiversity
    • Aquaculture dialogues • WWF US initiative • Multi-stakeholder roundtables • Measurable social and environmental standards
    • WWF has expertise to create standards 5 • Rainforest Marketing – 1980s • Forest Stewardship Council – 1990s • Marine Stewardship Council – 1990s • Marine Aquarium Council – 1990s • Protected Harvest – 2000 • Climate Savers - 2000s • New Program for IT Industry – 2007 • Aquaculture Dialogues – 2000s 11
    • Objectives of the Dialogues • Develop environmental and social performance-based standards • Measurably reduce the critical impacts of aquaculture • Help strengthen the economic viability of aquaculture
    • Criteria • Credible • Effective • Added Value
    • Credible Process Global initiative Multi-stakeholder – 2000 participants worldwide Open and inclusive Transparent Consensus-based Based on sound science Measurable performance-based standards ISEAL alliance compliant
    • Example Impact (Tilapia) Water Pollution Principle - The guiding proposal for addressing an impact Conserve and protect water resources Criteria - Specific areas to focus on in order to reduce an impact Nutrient use and release
    • Indicators - Points of measurement to determine extent of an impact Amount of phosphorus added and released per metric tonne of fish produced Standards - Quantitative performance level that will evaluate whether or not a principle is being achieved 1. Phosphorus input or utilization will not exceed (27 kg P/mt fish produced), Phosphorus loads released will not exceed (20 kg P/mt fish produced).
    • Aquaculture Stewardship Council The ASC is the Standards holding entity only. The ASC is a new entity capable of adding value through a consumer label. Ultimately, this consumer label will help create real change on the water. The ASC will be operational by 2011 and effective for years to come.
    • Aquaculture Stewardship Council • The ASC will offer farm level annual certification; • By accrediting third-party Certification Bodies (CB) that are ISO 65 compliant: • The ASC will initially offer certification for 10-12 aquaculture commodity species, which are: salmon, shrimp, Pangasius, tilapia, freshwater pan trout, cobia, Seriola, oysters, mussels, clams, scallops, and abalone. • The ASC standards will focus on Environmental / Social / Chain of Custody; • To offer value to retailers, reduce cost to producers, and reduce confusion to consumers; the ASC will “partner” with GFSI members that offer Food Safety standards. Thus offering “one-stop-shopping” for certification.
    • Strategy Use market forces to transform aquaculture and create real change on the water
    • Continuous Improvement No. farms Market forces drive performance and Performance shift reduce impacts Continuous improvement High environmental/ Social impacts Low environmental / Social impacts
    • Provisional Structure
    • Where are we now? May take 24 months to develop the independent ASC; Philip Smith has been hired as the Development Director smith@dutchsustainabletrade.com The Development Director is tasked with: Sourcing potential partners and funding for start-up costs; Updating business plan and projections; Creating the administrative and institutionalization of the ASC (governance, by-laws, etc…); and , ASC set up – office, web-site, staff, etc. Establishing certification process
    • www.worldwildlife.org/aquadialogues aquacultureinfo@wwfus.org