The potential of English Trout farms to increase output with special reference to the Danish model trout farms
David Bassett British Trout Associationwww.britishtrout.co.uk email@example.com
Structure Current structure and value of the English industry A brief history of the Danish Model Farm experience Potential for the application of the Danish experience within England Other strategies for sustainable growth Conclusions
Current size and value of thesector (UK) Table Farming FSV = £22 million - English Table Farming c.6,000 tonnes- Organic (Brown) Trout 200 tonnes – and declining Production Restocking Farming FSV = £10 millionBrown 3,100 (18%) tonnesRainbow 350 (2%) tonnesTrout Fisheries (E&W) £ 150 millionPlus value of processed and Large Troutvalue added product andassociated angling activity.
Current Market Trends Sales have remained constant, but lack of growth is due to shortage in production. Demand for the product is increasing Shortfall being met by imports. Ex farm prices remain low (around cost of production) Hope for improvement with regard to ownership of the sector Low “Carbon Footprint” (compared to other food groups) Low environmental impact (compared to other food groups – e.g. Water use) Healthy and nutritious product (omega 3, selinium etc) Referenced in Government backed healthy and nutrition advice (FSA, goodtoeat etc)
General Industry Observations Health message well known Political healthy eating messages are a bonus Strong support for aquaculture in the devolved regions (WAG, SFSA) Key trend for locally sourced produce emerging (Wales, Scotland) 80% of UK trout farmed is consumed in the southern half of England, but only half of that is farmed there Trout production is more than farming – UK (and beyond) integrated industry wrt production, processing, distribution and consumption of product
A Brief History of the“Model Farm” Traditional river based trout farming What is a “model” farm? The two types of model farm: Type I / Type III Why did the Danish embrace the “model farm” strategy? Tons per year of fish / Production Water Source Water Inflow Re-Circulating Biofilter feed Portion Trout Borehole 1100 / 984 100 litre per sec 450 litre per sec Yes
Strengths and Weaknesses ofthe Model Farm + - Use less water Rely on appropriate location, Improved farm design groundwater etc Allow for more intensive Standard energy costs farming at a greater level of Product quality issues (taint / stocking density geosmin build up) More efficient use of energy Parasite build up (ich) (specifically with regard to Problems with antibiotics oxgyenation of water) and other treatments in the event of disease Unsuitable for all types of farming enterprise Capital investment costs Nitrate levels in discharge
Where there is not potential Restocking Where geography and geology does not permit (groundwater). Where there is insufficient profitabilty to set up and The most valuable sector pay running costs! and supporting an angling Where biosecurity cannot industry worth £150million be maintained / assured Where there is not an issue with water resource – Yorkshire
Potential for application withEngland There is...!But: As always with trout farming, site specific Capital start up costs are very high – level of profitability not in the industry to cover it without significant grant funding (EFF) and over time. Some (partial) re-circ technology may be employed, or “model” parts of an existing farm – e.g. Hatcheries
Other strategies for sustainablegrowth Improved efficiency in the farming method (decrease mortalities and Access to freshwater sites – cage / improve output) river sites – but is this likely? Intensification of farming (permitted w.r.t. discharges etc) Improved and strategic cooperation within the industry Maximise access to funding Improved price and profitability to sources encourage production etc Continued marketing and Broodstock improvement and promotion of the product at all development levels
Conclusions: The English trout market is There are benefits to the strong Danish model farm system At present demand is There are serious increasing drawbacks also. Trout is an excellent product The costs are high Consumption of trout fits Replication of the Danish with Defra and FSA advice model cannot be the easy on fish consumption answer for the English sector, but relevant to certain sites There is a requirement to look to alterative and additional strategies to improve production and efficiency
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