Disease Challenge Models - APEG

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Disease challenge models presentation given at the APEG conference 2010, held at Cefas.

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Disease Challenge Models - APEG

  1. 1. Disease challenge models Dr Grant Stentiford European Community Reference Laboratory for Crustacean Diseases Pathology and Parasite Systematics team, Cefas
  2. 2. Diagnosing disease in crustaceans • Research/diagnostics tools are similar for use with other animal groups • Histology provides a front-line tool for observations of deviations from normal • Electron microscopy provides information on pathology/pathogens/life cycles • Antibodies are available against most major crustacean pathogens • Molecular diagnostics (e.g. PCR) are widely used to confirm pathogen type • No reliable cell lines are available (e.g. for viral culture) • Generally rely on a combination of the above for successful diagnosis
  3. 3. Diagnostic accreditation and in-house expertise • Histology: ISO 17025 Method for testing crustaceans for pathogens and notifiable diseases by histological analysis • Molecular diagnostics: ISO17025 Flexible scope accreditation for RT-PCR and PCR of fish, shellfish and crustacean pathogens • Experimental Facility: GLP accredited facility. Biosecure containment facility for exotic pathogen work • Capacity to work with a wide range of host species and all globally significant pathogens (e.g. EC Directive listed, OIE listed, emerging pathogens)
  4. 4. Typical challenge studies Q. Are crustaceans from EU waters susceptible to WSSV?
  5. 5. Susceptibility testing
  6. 6. Viral challenge studies Q. Are crustaceans from EU waters susceptible to WSSV? Cumulative mortality of P. vannamei injected with edible crab innoculum 5 4 Mortality rate 3 2 control mortalities 1 Injected mortalities Fed mortalities 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Day Injection, feeding or bath exposure to innoculum prepared from Injection of filtered Mortality, frozen WSSV- homogenate from WSSV histopathology, infected shrimp exposure trial using TEM and WSSV European species PCR of shrimp recorded
  7. 7. Viral challenge studies – e.g. European lobster WSSV-Infected cuticular epithelium of H.gammarus • Experimental infection of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) via feeding of WSSV-infected P. vannamei
  8. 8. Current work areas Diseases in fisheries Diseases in aquaculture Transboundary movements Immuno-competence toolbox Crustaceans as sentinels Pathogen systematics
  9. 9. Visit www.crustaceancrl.eu for information on our diagnostic remit and research programme

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