Focus_Transport_Ljubljana09

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Focus_Transport_Ljubljana09

  1. 1. focus association for sustainable development Charging the transit cargo transport in Slovenia For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  2. 2. focus association for sustainable development Presentation overview ► Transit transport growth and the consequences ► Road charging in the past, now and in the future ► Car : truck costs and benefits ► Possibilities open by Eurovignette ► External costs and other factors ► Key open questions For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  3. 3. focus association for sustainable development Transit cargo transport growth ► revival of the Balkan routes ► entering the EU ► 70 % increase in the transit cargo transport For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  4. 4. focus association for sustainable development Number of trucks crossing daily at the border crossing Dolga vas and passes Ravbarkomanda, Trojane and Brenner (in Austria) For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  5. 5. focus association for sustainable development Consequences of the transit cargo transport growth ► pollution (Kyoto objective) ► noise ► degradation of some local communities ► traffic jams ► degradation of the infrastructure For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  6. 6. focus association for sustainable development The road charging system in the past ► combination of open and closed system ► West Slovenia: closed, East Slovenia: open ► open system: possibility for free ride ► closed system: distance-based ► approximate prices per kilometer: motors cars 3,5t+, <3 3,5t+, >3 0,045 EUR 0,065 EUR 0,12 EUR 0,18 EUR For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  7. 7. focus association for sustainable development The current road charging system ► up to 3,5 t (cars and motorcycles): vignette ► over 3,5 t: open and closed system ► 6 months: 35 / 17,50 EUR, 1 year: 55 / 27,50 EUR ► trucks: 3,5t+, <3 3,5t+,>3 0,13 EUR 0,19 EUR For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  8. 8. focus association for sustainable development The road charging system as of July 1 2009 ► up to 3,5t (cars and motorcycles): vignette ► 1 week: 15 EUR, 1 month: 30 EUR , 1 year: 95 EUR ► 1 week: 7,5 EUR, 6 mon.: 25 EUR , 1 yr.: 47,5 EUR ► over 3,5t: + 40 % For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  9. 9. focus association for sustainable development The future road charging system ► planned system: satellite charging via GPRS ► planned start: >3,5t on 1 January 2010 <3,5t on 30 September 2010 ► criteria for charging: type of vehicle, distance, emissions ► charged with monthly bills ► open issues of such system: privacy, payment... For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  10. 10. focus association for sustainable development Car : truck, costs : benefits ► problem: one cargo vehicle causes about 30 000 times more damage to the road than a personal car ► until vignette system the road charge for trucks was 3 times higher than for cars ► taxpayers’ money used for paving the boom in cheap cargo transport, while leaving Slovenia with high costs in economy, environment and society For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  11. 11. focus association for sustainable development Possibilities that Eurovignette directive opens ► charges on regular roads, not only on highways ► charges for environmentally sensitive areas (e.g. the Alpine or Carstic regions) ► charges for ‘peak’ times and polluting vehicles (factor 2 for each of the parameters) ► charges for congestion prone and environmentally degraded areas (e.g. Ljubljana ring) ► charges for infrastructure that has higher-than- average construction costs (tunnels, bridges... or the whole highway network of Slovenia) ► use of funds for non-road projects For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  12. 12. focus association for sustainable development Eurovignette revision ► July 2008: EC publishes proposal ► remove the barriers to internalizing external costs ► costs: environment, noise, congestions, health ► November 2008: EP Environmental Committee demands removal of the proposed cap and allows climate costs ► February 2009: EP Transport Committee demands charging only if cars are charged, rejects inclusion of climate and accident costs and supports low cap ► debate at transport council For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  13. 13. focus association for sustainable development Opportunities for Slovenia ► road charges as instrument for directing the transit cargo transport to railways ► however: poor state of the railway infrastructure and open questions on costs of its upgrading and expanding (EU funds, foreign investors...) For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  14. 14. focus association for sustainable development External costs ► lack of information on external costs ► external costs counted as a ‘plus’ to GDP ► costs of accidents in 2002: 440 million EUR ► costs of pollution in 2002: 630 million EUR ► costs of traffic jams in 2002: 125 million EUR ► total external costs in 2002: 1,7 – 2,3 billion EUR or 6,6 - 9,4 % GDP For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  15. 15. focus association for sustainable development For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  16. 16. focus association for sustainable development Other factors ► price of the road and highway construction ► lobbying power of Slovene cargo transport association ► time and financing of the railway construction For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  17. 17. focus association for sustainable development Some open questions: - with a view to the EU regulations and the lobbying power of the Slovene cargo sector, what would be the recommended solution for the internalisation of the external costs? - disincentives for crossing the country on the road? - creating the political will for making the changes? - cases from other countries? For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
  18. 18. focus association for sustainable development Thank you! Lidija Živčič Focus Association for Sustainable Development headquarters: Maurerjeva 7, 1000 Ljubljana office: Trubarjeva 50, 1000 Ljubljana tel: + 386 1 515 40 80 lidija@focus.si For environmentally and socially responsible life. www.focus.si ESEE2009, Ljubljana, 30 June 2009
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