R THE HITLER YOUTH (HJ) By Cedrick Mayes &E The Hitler Youth were to Hitler and the Nazi Party the future of Germany. Hitler sdream of "A Thousand-Year Reich" could only be made possible through its youth. "Thefuture of the German nation depends on its youth, and the German youth shall have tobe prepared for its future duties," Hitler said. Hitler knew that young people wanted recognition. They were energetic, full of life,and had a strong love for Germany. Hitler recognized these qualities and made it part ofhis plan to control the future world. He planned to mold Germany s youth into a force thathe controlled. Hitler s direct and personal involvement became a great inspiration for theGerman youth. Hitler greeting a child Hitler said "I begin with the young. We older ones are used up. We are rotten to themarrow. We are cowardly and sentimental. We are bearing the burden of a humiliatingpast, and have in our blood the dull recollection of serfdom and servility. But mymagnificent youngsters! Are there any finer ones in the world? Look at these young menand boys! What material! With them, I can make a New World. This is the heroic stage ofyouth. Out of it will come the creative man, the man-god,"
Adolf Hitler In the 1920 s the Germany s youth were involved in many organizations. The mostpopular was the Wandervogel, which engaged in sports. But in 1926, the Youth Grouporganization leaders were invited to attended a convention held by the Nazi Party onJuly 4th. They agreed to form a Nazi sponsored youth group called "The Hitler Youth" or"HJ." HJ Member practicing throwing grenades German youths liked the HJ because they though it gave them a chance to havetheir voices heard.
A member of the Hitler Jugend (From the Movie: "Swing Kids") Membership in the HJ was required by all young people by March of 1939. Childrenwere torn away from parents and sent to houses and orphanages. If parents tried tokeep their children out of the HJ, they had to go to prison. The boys learned to respect the Nazi Party and to live by the Nazi Primer (theofficial handbook of the HJ). They were taught that the Aryan race was superior to allothers. In the Nazi Primer, it said "when considering bodily form, the HJ have to take intoaccount above all things, size and shape of body, skull, color of hair, the eyes and theskin, as well as the texture of the hair." to determine how they were superior. In 1932, just under 107,956 youths were enrolled in the HJ. By the end of 1939,over 8,000,000 were enrolled. HJ being instructed in class (From the Movie: "Swing Kids") Hitler said, "He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future!" Children could jointhis program as young as 6 years of age. At 10 years, they graduated into the Jungvolk.
They had to swear an oath saying that they will give their lives to Hitler and Germany. At15 they were in the HJ. When they entered the HJ, they were given a choice of entering certain divisionsthat interested them. You could enter the Fllieger-HJ (the flying youth), or the Motor-HJ(the motor or mechanical youth), the Marine-HJ (navy), or the Waffen-SS (weapons andprotection squad). Signal, medical and musical units could also be chosen from. If theydidn t join these, they could always become join the SS, where they learned totechniques of violence and the use of weapons. This, they were taught, was especiallyuseful in dealing with Jews or subhumans. Fllieger HJ working on model airplanes Boys were obligated to stay in the HJ until 18, and then they were advised to enterthe army, or forced to enter labor service. Not all youths became HJ. There were two resistant groups called the "EdelweissPirates" and the "Swing Kids." The Edelweiss Pirates met on street corners and had agreat hatred for HJ. They attacked the HJ every chance they got. They loved theirindependence, which was resisted by the HJ. There were also the Swing Kids. Theyloved listening and dancing to swing music, although it was forbidden. They met innightclubs and with their pockets full of cash, they wore the newest styles of clothes fromBritain and America.
Rival group of Swing Kids (From the Movie: "Swing Kids") The Nazi youth groups were used as propagandists, reinforcements, and warriors.There wasn t enough military and secret police to control all the Germany people, so theHJ were used. When the Allied forces invaded Germany at the end of the war, they werefaced with units of HJ soldiers. The allies didn t want to kill the young kids, but they hadto because of the blood thirsty attitudes of the brainwashed HJ youths. Boys as young asten were fighting on the front lines. Fifteen-year-old boys were comman ding troops ofyounger kids! HJ at the front lines The youth scattered after the war. Eventually, new German Youth Groups were puttogether, but the youths lives weren t controlled by Hitler or Nazi propaganda anymore,but their own desires.Sources:
"Hitler Youth- the Future of Germany" @ http://www.cord.edu/homepages/ammorris/paper.html, 4/19/00 "The History Place - Hitler Youth" @ http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/hitleryouth/index.html, 4/19/00 "Hitler Historical Museum" @ http://www.hitler.org/images/youth1/jpg, 4/19/00 "Swing Kids" @ http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Palace/7408, 4/19/00Picture Credits: Picture #1 - "Hitler greeting child" from: http://www.hitler.org/images/youth1/jpg Picture #2 - "Adolf Hitler" from: http://www.hitler.org/ Picture #3 - "Practicing throwing grenades" from: http://www.cord.edu/homepages/ammorris/paper.html Picture #4 - "A member of the Hitler Jugend" from: http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Palace/7408 Picture #5 - "HJ being instructed in class" from: http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Palace/7408 Picture #6 - "Flleiger HJ working on model airplanes" from: http://www.cord.edu/homepages/ammoris/paper.html Picture #7 - "Rival group of Swing Kids" from: http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Palace/7408 Picture #8 - "HJ at front lines" from: http://www.cord.edu/homepages/ammorris/paper.html