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  1. 1. Nouns words used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea
  2. 2. Noun Gender Noun Plurals Possessive Nouns Types of Nouns
  3. 3. Tells us about the sex of the noun In Grammar-Nouns, there are FOUR GENDERS. 1. Masculine gender:  A noun is said to be in the Masculine gender if it refers to a male character or member of a species. Man, lion, hero, boy, king, horse and actor are nouns of masculine gender.  2. Feminine gender: A noun is said to be in the feminine gender if it refers to a female member of a species. Woman, lioness, heroine, girl, mare, niece, empress, cow and actress are few of the feminine-gender nouns that we use.
  4. 4.   3. Common gender: A noun is said to be in Common gender if it refers to a member of species which can be a male or a female. Child, student, friend, applicant, candidate, servant, member, parliamentarian and leader are few of the common-gender nouns. 4. Neuter gender: A noun is said to be in the neuter gender if it refers to a member of a species which is neither a male nor a female. Normally nouns referring to lifeless objects are in neuter nouns as well as collective nouns. Chair, table, tree, star, mountain, street, book, car, school, paper, pencil and computer are few of the neuter nouns which We use regularly.
  5. 5. Noun Plurals  Most nouns change their form to indicate number by adding "-s" or "-es.” There are other nouns which form the plural by changing the last letter before adding "s". Some words ending in "f" form the plural by deleting "f" and adding "ves" and words ending in "y" form the plural by deleting the "y" and adding “ies.” Other nouns form the plural irregularly.
  6. 6.  In the possessive case, a noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. Usually, nouns become possessive by adding a combination of an apostrophe and the letter "s.“  You can form the possessive case of a singular noun that does not end in "s" by adding an apostrophe and “s.”
  7. 7.  PROPER NOUN  usually starts with a capital letter  Name of specific persons, places or things e. g. Eiffel Tower, New York, Ford  COMMON NOUN  Noun referring to a person, place or thing in a general sense e. g. country, church, car, building
  8. 8.  CONCRETE NOUN  a noun which names anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical senses: touch, sight, smell, taste, hearing e. g. student, ice cream, bag  ABSTRACT NOUN  a noun which names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses e. g. disapproval, intelligence, eloquence
  9. 9.  COLLECTIVE NOUN  nouns naming a group of things, animals or persons e. g. a flock of birds, a school of fishes, a crowd of people  COUNTABLE NOUN  a noun with both a singular and a plural form, and it names anything (or anyone) that you can count e. g. pen, book, coin, cup, chair
  10. 10.   NON- COUNTABLE NOUN (MASS NOUN)  noun which does not have a plural form, and which refers to something that you could (or would) not usually count. A non-countable noun always takes a singular verb in a sentence e. g. coffee, hair, sugar, rice, milk, salt
  11. 11. End of discussion Proceed with the Activity