When Technology Fails Recent Events in the News: Oil Spills
Fuel spill closes San Francisco beaches <ul><li>SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters: Nov 7, 2007) - A container ship bound for China struck a fog-shrouded tower of San Francisco's Bay Bridge on Wednesday morning, causing a fuel spill and forcing the closure of several San Francisco beaches, officials said. </li></ul><ul><li>People near the spill reported suffering headaches and nausea as they breathed air containing vaporized oil, but public health officials said the fumes were not likely to have long-term health effects. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idUSN0755968920071108 </li></ul>
NTSB sends team to investigate Bay Bridge oil spill <ul><li>WASHINGTON (CNN: Nov 10, 2007) A National Transportation Safety Board team was on its way to California Saturday to probe why a container ship struck the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge earlier this week, spilling 58,000 gallons of oil into the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Reported by CNN </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/11/10/bay.bridge.spill/index.html </li></ul>
Russian oil tanker breaks in two <ul><li>MOSCOW, Russia (AP: Nov 11, 2007) A Russian oil tanker split in two during a fierce storm early Sunday, spilling some 560,000 gallons of fuel into a strait leading to the Black Sea in one of the worst environmental disasters in the region in years, authorities said. </li></ul><ul><li>Reported by CNN </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/11/11/russia.oilslick.ap/index.html </li></ul>
Russian oil spill a "serious disaster", official says <ul><li>MOSCOW, Nov 11 (Reuters) - A spill of fuel oil into the Kerch Strait between the Azov and Black Seas after a severe storm split a Russian oil tanker is a "very serious environmental disaster", a Russian official said on Sunday. "This problem may take a few years to solve. Fuel oil is a heavy substance and it is now sinking to the seabed," Oleg Mitvol, deputy head of the state Rosprirodnadzor agency, told Russia's state-run Vesti-24 channel. </li></ul><ul><li>Reported by Reuters </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSL11196470 </li></ul>
10 worst oil spills in US history <ul><li>Here is a list of 10 of the worst oil spills in United States history, according to Golob's Oil Pollution Bulletin: </li></ul><ul><li>1. March 24, 1989, Prince William Sound, Alaska: tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground; 10.92 million gallons of crude oil. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Nov. 1, 1979, Galveston Bay, Texas: tanker Burmah Agate collided with another ship; up to 10.7 million gallons of oil burned or spilled. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Dec. 15, 1976, Massachusetts' southeast Atlantic coast: tanker Argo Merchant ran aground; 7.6 million gallons of crude spilled. </li></ul>
10 worst oil spills in US history (cont.) <ul><li>5. Jan. 2, 1988, Jefferson Borough, Pa.: Ashland Oil Company storage tank ruptured; 3.8 million gallons of oil spilled into Monongahela River. </li></ul><ul><li>6. July 30, 1984, Cameron, La.: tanker Alvenus ran aground; 2.8 million gallons of oil spilled into Gulf of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Aug. 18, 1984, Jacksonville, Fla.: lightning sparked a fire in Triangle Oil Corporation storage tank; 2.5 million gallons of oil burned. </li></ul>
10 worst oil spills in US history (cont.) <ul><li>8. Oct. 31, 1984, San Francisco: Tanker Puerto Rican caught fire following an explosion in Pacific Ocean; 2 million gallons of oil spilled. </li></ul><ul><li>9. March 31, 1982, Montz, La.: collision and fire involving tanker Arkas; 1.47 million gallons of oil burned and spilled. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Nov. 22, 1980, Pilottown, La.: Anchor chain caused tanker Georgia to leak, 1.3 million gallons of oil spilled. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: “Worst Oil Spills In U.S. Since '76” </li></ul><ul><li>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE0D71331F936A15755C0A96F948260 </li></ul>
Assignment <ul><li>Working in teams of two, use PowerPoint to prepare and present your work. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Internet to find and include maps showing the location of the two current oil spills. </li></ul><ul><li>In your own words, explain the mission of the National Transportation Safety Board. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a graph showing the top 10 oil spills in US history. Then include the current spills in San Francisco and the Black Sea. (You will have 12 data points.) </li></ul><ul><li>Write a brief statement comparing to two current spills to the top ten US oil spills. </li></ul>
Extra Credit Possibilities <ul><li>The next several slides include “Deep Thought” exercises designed to take you deeper into the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>For extra credit, explore one of the topics listed and prepare a PowerPoint presentation designed to explain the news item in a way that classmates can learn about the topic from your work. </li></ul>
Deep Thought 1 <ul><li>Oil Spill Clean-up Volunteers Suffer Prolonged Respiratory Problems </li></ul><ul><li>September 19, 2007 — Workers and volunteers who helped in the clean-up effort after the 2002 Prestige oil spill off the Galician coast of Spain exhibit prolonged respiratory symptoms resulting from their exposure, say ... > full story </li></ul>
Deep Thought 2 <ul><li>Researchers To Determine Why Oil Still Remains From Exxon Valdez Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>March 21, 2007 — Some 18 years after the Exxon Valdez ran aground and spilled nearly 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound, the oil continues to cause environmental problems along some of ... > full story </li></ul>
Deep Thought 3 <ul><li>Scientists Find That Tons Of Oil Seep Into The Gulf Of Mexico Each Year (Jan. 27, 2000) — Twice an Exxon Valdez spill worth of oil seeps into the Gulf of Mexico every year, according to a new study that will be presented January 27 at the Ocean Sciences Meeting in San Antonio, Texas. ... > read more </li></ul>
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.