About Benjamin Bloom


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About Benjamin Bloom

  1. 1. Bloom’s Taxonomy Ceanlia Vermeulen
  2. 2. About Benjamin Bloom <ul><li>A facilitator, a scholar, and a researcher in the field of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook 1, the cognitive domain (Bloom et al., 1956) </li></ul><ul><li>www.ibe.unesco.org/International/Publications/Thinkers/ThinkersPdf/bloome.pdf </li></ul>
  3. 3. Six Levels of Questions Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation Levels of Thinking Skills
  4. 4. Knowledge Level <ul><li>Recall of information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of data, events, and places </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of major ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery of Subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Question Cues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collect, examine, who, when , where, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List the major cities in South Africa . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the capital city of South Africa. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Comprehension Level <ul><li>Understanding information </li></ul><ul><li>Grasp key meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Translate knowledge to a new context </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret, compare, contrast facts </li></ul><ul><li>Order, group, infer causes </li></ul><ul><li>Question cue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize, interpret, contrast, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend, why, etc. </li></ul></ul>Discuss the environmental problems existing in the major cities in South Africa. Infer the causes for the problems.
  6. 6. Application Level <ul><li>Use information </li></ul><ul><li>Use methods, concepts, theories in new situation </li></ul><ul><li>Solve problems using required skills or knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Question cues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, experiment, discover, etc. </li></ul></ul>Work out possible solutions for the environmental problems in the major cities in South Africa. Calculations and experiments skills might be involved during the process to answer the question.
  7. 7. Analysis Level <ul><li>Seeing patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of parts </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of hidden meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of components </li></ul><ul><li>Question cues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, etc. </li></ul></ul>Classify the environmental problems into different categories.
  8. 8. Synthesis Level <ul><li>Use old ideas to create new ones </li></ul><ul><li>Generalize, predict from given facts </li></ul><ul><li>Relate knowledge from several areas </li></ul><ul><li>Draw conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Question cues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite, predict, etc. </li></ul></ul>Design and plan a social activity to call for more urban residents to contribute to environmental protection.
  9. 9. Evaluation Level <ul><li>Compare and discriminate between ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Judge and appreciate value of concepts, theories, and principles </li></ul><ul><li>Make choice based on reasoned argument </li></ul><ul><li>Verify values of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize subjectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Question Cues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, discriminate, support, conclude, etc. </li></ul></ul>Recommend the most practical and economic environment protecting plan to the city government. Use evidences and arguments to support your recommendations and convince the ministers.
  10. 10. Exercises <ul><li>Identify the capital of Australia from the following list: Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra </li></ul>Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation
  11. 11. Exercises <ul><li>What classification of animals would a FROG belong to? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mammal / bird / fish / reptile / amphibian / insect </li></ul></ul>Analysis Comprehension Application Knowledge Synthesis Evaluation
  12. 12. Exercises <ul><li>Predict what would have happened to early Native Americans if they did not follow the migration of buffaloes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They would hunt and eat other animals instead / They would starve / They would get all their food by farming </li></ul></ul>Synthesis Comprehension Application Analysis Knowledge Evaluation
  13. 13. <ul><li>Great !!! Good job !! </li></ul><ul><li>This is a basic question of </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge to test whether </li></ul><ul><li>learners recall the knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>being taught. </li></ul>Next Question
  14. 14. <ul><li>Great !!! Good job !! </li></ul><ul><li>The learners are asked about the classification of animals and apply his/her knowledge to answer this question. The facilitators should follow the question by asking the learner to justify the answers. </li></ul>Next Question
  15. 15. <ul><li>Great !!! Good job !! </li></ul><ul><li>The learners are asked to PREDICT what would happen based on the given facts and their previous knowledge related. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Sorry, that’s not correct. </li></ul>Back to Question
  17. 17. <ul><li>Sorry, that’s not correct. </li></ul>Back to Question
  18. 18. <ul><li>Sorry, that’s not correct. </li></ul>Back to Question
  19. 19. Thank you! Ceanlia Vermeulen [email_address] Cell: 082 905 9339
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