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CeBIT Spatial@gov 2012 - Paul Box, Research Team Leader, CSIRO
 

CeBIT Spatial@gov 2012 - Paul Box, Research Team Leader, CSIRO

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    CeBIT Spatial@gov 2012 - Paul Box, Research Team Leader, CSIRO CeBIT Spatial@gov 2012 - Paul Box, Research Team Leader, CSIRO Presentation Transcript

    • Exploiting the UNSDI Spatial Identifier ReferenceFramework (SIRF) in Australia:Innovations and Policy ImplicationsPaul Box, Rob Atkinson, David Lemon & Laura KostanskiCSIRO Canberra, 20 - 22 November 2012CSIRO DIGITAL PRODUCTIVITY AND SERVICES FLAGSHIP
    • Overview• Why? – project drivers• What? – the solution• Where? – Indonesia and Australia• How? – Innovations• Where next? - Policy implications2 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • The problem• Large scale complex interwoven challenges• ‘Big data’ - the information tsunami• ‘Glocalisation’• Rapid Information integration• Highly spatially & temporally (Source: EMC)variable phenomena Over the next decade, the number of "files,“ or containers for Information will grow by 75x (source: EMC) 3 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Social Protection in Indonesia• Multi-sectoral information • Reliable • Uptodate • Timely • Integrated • Useable Social Protection preventing, managing, and overcoming situations that adversely affect people’s well being[1] - policies & programs to reduce poverty / vulnerability - reducing exposure, enhancing capacity to manage risks 1United Nations Research Institute For Social Development4 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Integration realities - Information Silos System 3 System System 7 n System Everything System $ 1 2 Happens Somewhere $ $ $ System $ 5 System $ $ 4 Use Discover Access Extract, Transform, Load Understand Time and effort5 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Spatial identifiers describe ‘the Somewhere’ Geospatial information Statistical information Spatial (Implicitly geospatial) identifiers BPS-ID Name GER ‘08 Tpop’10 003 Nusa Tenggara Barat 111.08 1,318,840 Bureau of Stats - 003 005 Nusa Tenggara Timur 112.09 335,805 Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) West Nusa Tenggara• Fundamental component of spatial datasets• Used to reference data6 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • One real world feature - multiple representations Geospatial information Statistical information Spatial (Implicitly geospatial) Identifier Reference Gazetteer ID - 002234 Framework UNSTATS Name GRP’08 $ IND03 NTB 8,080 IND05 NTT 4,769 BPS-ID Name GER ‘08 Tpop’10 003 Nusa Tenggara Barat 111.08 1,318,840 Bureau of Stats - 003 005 Nusa Tenggara Timur 112.09 335,805 Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Multiple - names, identifiers, geometries, versions7 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Gazetteer – a special case of Spatial Identifier GAZETTEER ID, placename(s), feature type, location • Official list of names • Related to mapping process (toponymic) • Used for map lookup Melbourne – locality – Victorian Gazetteer –Official• Names are ambiguous• One name – many places• One place - many names • Australia, Australie, ‫أستراليا‬ • Wollongong, ‘the gong’ • Sydney, City of Sydney Melbourne – municipal council boundaries – official
    • Spatial Identifiers – an index for SDI Foundation spatial data themes SPATIAL IDENTIFIER SETS • Addressing Post codes, locality names • Administrative Boundaries Admin area codes/names • Positioning Trig points • Place Names Gazetteer • Land parcel & Property Plots and Parcels • Imagery Image tile index • Transport Roads and Bridges • Water AHGF (Geofabric) features • Elevation and Depth • Land cover Sensor networks Cell towers9 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Spatial identifiers• Overlap and duplication• Heterogeneity – everyone does them differently• Fragile, unreliable• Limited access mechanisms• Used out of context • Disconnected from underlying geospatial data • Limited metadata provenance/authority10 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • The solution• Infrastructure to register, link, and deliver spatial identifiers Spatial Identifier Reference Framework fundamental, systemic improvement in information integration, enabling more effective and cost-efficient service delivery Use Discover Access, Extract Transform Load Use Discover Access Extract, Transform, Load Understand Time and effort Understand Provide Link• Leverage national SDI efforts stable SI multiple • Governance reps • Information Link • Technologies information resource 11 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • SIRF – spatial identifiers for the geo-semantic web Agency A Agency B Agency C Statistics Treasury Welfare 6.5.Mint identifiers& integration in 4. Deliver as URI identifiers into 3.Enable access ’Spatial 2. Users seamless embedded of Downloaded 1. Harvest spatial and build cross- identifiers from Bookmarks’ &spatial statistical to the Linked referenceinformation system to Data Web and back statistical and walks can connect back geospatial data sets API API API ininformation data to underlying interfaces) SDI (standard Web Linked DataStatisticalInformation User http://id.data.gov.au/id/AusGaz2010/ NSW56500 Linked Data Web Regional Spatial Data Publish InfrastructureSpatialInformation National SIRF Harvest /index Spatial Data Infrastructure 12 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • UNSDI Gazetteer for Social Protection in Indonesia
    • Where are we SIRFing?In Indonesia• Badan Informasi Geospasial (BIG)• Ina SDI - ESRI geoportal • Harvesting • Publishing into InaSDI portal• OpenStreetMapIn Australia • OSP, GA, CGNA, ANDS • MyMaps Australia GazetteerGlobally • UNSDI • UNGEGN14 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Innovation – the right information….• Common reference – unambiguously reference a place using URI• Granularity - moving from dataset to feature level – Better discover, explore, understand then download/use the bits you need 15 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Innovation – delivered in the right way• Linked data • ‘spatial bookmarks’ for the web • Interwoven feature level metadata with data - authority, licence,• The role of spatial identifiers to link information • SI as index to underlying data in SDI • Linking multiple representations of the same real world feature • Linking information to locations across systems “Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/”16 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Innovation – handling the social dimension• Linking - not choosing a winner • Registering and cross walking• Evolution not revolution • Providers – no need to change underlying business process/systems • Users – continue to use preferred SI sets • Convergence• Building a social network graph of information resources • FOAF graph of info resources and their usage• The power of the crowd17 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Key enablers – Openness• Open data • ‘freemium’ for spatial identifiers PLUS • Links to underlying data • With various price & licence models• Open standards• Open source software• Open Government Indonesia • Innovating • Working with the crowd • A legislative framework18 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Implications for spatial policy and practice• Openness• Governance – to steer or row • Policy (legal?) framework • Community behaviour – tin hugging, information modelling & design for reuse • Formal and informal (VGI data sources) • Linked data - Spatial feature identifier governance• Information custodianship and access • From supply to demand driven information • Stability and predictability - improved change management• Engaging with the broader community • Identity not geometry ‘Thinking outside the polygon’19 | UNSDI Spatial Identifier Reference Framework | Paul Box
    • Thank youDIGITAL PRODUCTIVITY AND SERVICES FLAGSHIP