Mobile augmented reality for ademocratic cityDr Kurt IvesonSchool of GeosciencesUniversity of Sydneykurt.firstname.lastname@example.org
Mobile augmented reality and the cityFrom ‘how do I find the nearest pizza?’ to ‘howdo we make the city better?’….
Mobile augmented reality and the cityHow can mobile augmented reality be utilized tocultivate active citizenship and democraticparticipation in our cities?
Presentation outline1. Mobile augmented reality as a form of urban media2. Applications of mobile augmented reality in urban planning and politics: towards a typology3. Policy implications
1. Mobile augmented realityBurgeoning medium,growing array of…•Platforms•Devices•Layers Google Glass eyeware
1. Mobile augmented realityMobile AR applications require:• Geo-coded digital ‘reference image’• Geo-coded digital ‘augment’• Internet enabled, location-aware mobile media device (eg smart phone, tablet, AR glasses)• AR software platform• Access to the augmented place
1. Mobile augmented reality‘Augmented’ reality … really? – Urban ‘reality’ has always been ‘augmented’: cities as sites and objects of mediated discussion that constitute ‘urban information overlay’ – These mediations are crucial to multiple, dynamic, contested meanings of place
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsThere are various imaginations/aspirations foruses of mobile AR to enhance urbancitizenship…
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsSome useful questions to ask of differentapplications…•What is the source/nature of the ‘augment’?•What vision of the ‘good citizen’ animates theapplication?•What vision of the ‘good city’ animates theapplication?
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsService-related projections NYC Subway Service update (Source: Google Glass Promo)
We think technology should work for you—to bethere when you need it and get out of your waywhen you don’t. A group of us from Google[x]started Project Glass to build this kind oftechnology, one that helps you explore andshare your world, putting you back in themoment.Google[x], April 2012
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsBuilding/development projections VTT Mobile AR visualisation of plans for Jätkäsaari district, Helsinki (Source: www.vtt.fi)
Although principally a design tool, augmentedreality is also a tool for communication, one thatcan be used to disseminate a more realisticpicture of construction projects in support ofresident feedback and decision-making.Charles Woodward, VTT, April 2012
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsNarrative/archival projections Ryerson Architecture Mobile App, Toronto
Not only do we get to see the building, by usingaugmented reality to geo-locate us we can alsosee historically what has been on that site.Professor Vincent Hui, Ryerson University
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsInteractive projections Verbeterdebuurt, on Layar
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsInteractive projections German Green Party AR App, Berlin
By looking around through the layer viewer youreally get a good sense of how active you, yourneighbours and the council are in actuallyimproving the neighbourhood.Remco Vroom and Johannes la Poutre, TABWorldmedia, 2011
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsDissident projections AR Occupy Wall Street, 2011
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsDissident projections AR Ad Takeover, Times Square NYC. Artist: Ron English
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsDissident projections Re*Public Reimaging of Bradbury Building, LA. Artist: Momo
Re*Public wants to change how we curate publicspaces. No longer would artists and individuals beconstrained from visually interacting with thestreets they live on and participating in publicmedia. … We live on a massive concrete canvas. Weall have a right to the city and to start re-imaginingpublic space.Re*Public, by Heavy Projects and Public AdCampaign, 2012
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsSources of ‘augment’… – Official – Curated (institutional, activist, etc) – Crowd-sourced
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsVisions of ‘good citizen’… – From information-seeking to information- producing – From utility-maximising to encounter-seeking – From conformist upkeep to dissident change- making
2. A typology of urban AR applicationsVisions of ‘good city’… – Information rich, from real-time transparency to historical complexity – From unified community to multi-layered – From efficient to accountable to actively contested
3. Policy implicationsFor mobile AR to contribute to a democraticcity, I think we want applications across thesedimensions…… if that’s what we want, what are some of thepolicy challenges ahead?
3. Policy implicationsTechnical issues: access to data, access tolocation services, and other stuff you knowmore about than me…
3. Policy implicationsAccess to, and production of, AR depends uponphysical access to urban public realm... – Overcoming exclusionary public space regulation – Avoiding curtailment of public digital photography Aldwych Station, London Photo: Tim Allen
3. Policy implicationsMe and my digital shadow: ‘locational privacy’as a new frontier of privacy regulation Log of iPhone movenents, generated by “iTracker” app
3. Policy implications The Edge, State Library ofSkills ‘capacity Queensland, Brisbaneconstraints’: wideningaccess to augmentationskills and equipment
Final reflection…What does AR for a democratic city look like? On the dual meaning of ‘knowing your place’…