CeBIT Spatial@gov 2012 - Stuart Ballingall, Project Director, Cooperative ITS, Austroads

  • 417 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
417
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Developing a National Frameworkfor Connected Vehicles Stuart Ballingall Project Director - Cooperative ITS Austroads
  • 2. Connected VehiclesCooperative ITS (C-ITS) refers to the use of wireless communicationsbetween vehicles & with roadside infrastructure, enabling systems thatcooperatively work together to deliver safety, efficiency & environmentaloutcomes
  • 3. Benefits of C-ITSSafety• Reduce fatality and serious casualty crashes ‐ 80% of all road crashes involving a non-impaired driver could be positively addressed – US DOT ‐ Total number of fatal and serious casualty crashes could be reduced by 25- 35% - Austroads/MUARCMobility• Improved travel efficiency and transport productivityEnvironmental• Reduce vehicle emissions and fuel use
  • 4. Wireless CommunicationsWireless technologies include:• 5.9 GHz Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)• Cellular networks (incl. 3G, 4G LTE)• Wifi, WLAN• Digital radio• GNSSData messages include:• Vehicle-to-vehicle - incl. latitude, longitude, altitude, heading, speed, vehicle type, etc• Infrastructure-to-vehicle - incl. traffic warnings, signage, road closures, dynamic speed zones, rail crossing, etc
  • 5. C-ITS ApplicationsA range of C-ITS applications are currently being developed for theinternational market. Key focus areas are safety, traffic efficiency andenvironmental benefits. Applications include:• Collision warning and collision avoidance• Intersection movement assistance• Emergency brake light, autonomous emergency braking• Lane departure, run-off-road, blind spot warning• Adaptive cruise control, vehicle platooning• Emergency vehicle pre-emption and prioritisation• Road works, road closures, traffic alerts, travel times• Eco-driving applications
  • 6. C-ITS Applications Source: Volpe Centre/USDOTSource: Car 2 Car Communications Consortium Source: Car 2 Car Communications Consortium
  • 7. International DeploymentC-ITS is progressively moving from research phase to deployment phase.Key activities in international jurisdictions include:Europe• Euro Commission Mandate M/453 for minimum standards• EC-funded projects and trials, including ‘Drive C2X’• Car2Car Consortium – agreement for 2015 deploymentUSA• US DOT Safety Pilot in Michigan, involving 3,000 vehicles• NHTSA rule-making planned for late 2013Japan• Various deployments have commenced, including 1,600+ ITS Spot (DSRC) stations across Japan expressways
  • 8. Australian C-ITS FrameworkPolicy Framework for ITS in Australia• Endorsed by SCOTI in November 2011, this sets a robust policy framework and foundation actions for guiding ITS deploymentAustroads C-ITS Project• Establish the regulatory and operational framework to enable C-ITS to be deployed in AustraliaNTC regulatory policy review• Investigate regulatory and policy issues regarding privacy, liability, driver distraction, compliance and enforcementTechnical and platform requirements• Harmonisation with international standards & processes is critical, particularly for interoperability & security.
  • 9. Positioning RequirementsPosition accuracy for C-ITS can be classified into 3 levels:• Road level – which road segment the vehicle is on• Lane level – which lane the vehicle is in• Where-in-lane – where the vehicle is in the laneSafety-of-life applications being developed will requireubiquitous access at highways speeds to ‘where-in-lane’accuracy (≤1 metre), with low latency (~0.1 seconds), andhigh integrity
  • 10. International SituationInternational C-ITS developments access augmented GNSSto meet positioning accuracy and integrity requirements:Europe• European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS)USA• Wide Area Augmentation Systems (WAAS)Japan• Multi-functional Satellite Augmentation System (MSAS)
  • 11. Australian Situation• Unlike our international colleagues, Australia does not have access to a ubiquitous augmented GNSS for C-ITS• If Australia cannot meet the C-ITS positioning requirements, will this restrict international harmonisation? And most importantly, will we forego the potential safety benefits?• A National Positioning Infrastructure (NPI) Plan is currently being finalised. Does this provide an opportunity?
  • 12. Questions