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RIDE 2010 presentation: Virtual Classrooms - use cases and their pedagogy

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Research in Distance Education: impact on practice conference, 27 October 2010. Presentation in Design for Learning Strand by Tim Neumann, London Knowledge Lab. ...

Research in Distance Education: impact on practice conference, 27 October 2010. Presentation in Design for Learning Strand by Tim Neumann, London Knowledge Lab.

More details at www.cde.london.ac.uk.

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    RIDE 2010 presentation: Virtual Classrooms - use cases and their pedagogy RIDE 2010 presentation: Virtual Classrooms - use cases and their pedagogy Presentation Transcript

    • Virtual Classrooms Use Cases and their Pedagogy
    • Virtual Classrooms Use Cases and their Pedagogy Tim Neumann London Knowledge Lab
    • Overview
      • What are Virtual Classrooms?
      • Use Case Examples: The multiple faces of Elluminate
      • Use Case Details
      • Staff Development Issues
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • 1 Definition
      • Virtual Classrooms
      • SAC =
      • Combination of
      • real-time tools for
      • visual interaction and
      • textual interaction
      • while talking
      CDE Conference 2010
    • 1 Definition
      • https://sas.elluminate.com/p.jnlp?psid=2010-02-05.0757.M.A7D0B2B04AC025A4A7BD806D1AC312.vcr&sid=2007016
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Benefits (General)
      • Elluminate…
      • frees up time for academics,
      • contributes to the green agenda,
      • connects international students, and
      • improves both learning quality and experience.
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Benefits (Distance Education)
      • Add to the blend of learning technologies and pedagogic activities
      • Enhance conversations between tutors and students
      • Facilitate pedagogically sound course design & teaching
      • Encourage uptake of 3 rd to 5 th DE generation models (link to paper)
      • Bring back lecturing for Distance Education students
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
      • Some student feedback
      • I feel there is so much more ‘power’ in the use of the tool
      • In some ways, this was better than an actual classroom
      • I think the session was a great way of learning
      • The session was fantastic
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
      • In the words of a distance education tutor:
      • Suddenly I understand the student better, because I have talked to them, heard their voice, interacted with them. I get a sense of others, which improves the understanding of the course materials.
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • The Multiple Faces of Elluminate (presented at the Blackboard Teaching and Learning Conference 2010, Swansea)
    • What is Elluminate?
      • The MA in Media, Culture and Communication says:
      • A lecture recording system
      ✔  Time saving: Resource creation on-the-fly ✔  Learning quality: Availability of revision materials CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • Several Professors say:
      • A tool for remote lectures, presentations and keynotes
      ✔  Time saving: Less travel, resource creation ✔  Green agenda: Less air travel CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • Several LKL Research Teams say:
      • An online meeting environment for dispersed teams
      ✔  Time saving: Less travel ✔  Green agenda: Less travel, less paper CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • London Maths Challenge participants and organisers say:
      • The connection between two classrooms
      ✔  Learning quality: Pupils challenging each other ✔  Learning experience: Discussions outside of usual classroom context CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • A National Research Centre says:
      • A way to generate income from our free resources
      ✔  Green agenda: Less travel, less paper ✔  Business case: New income streams CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • The IOE Doctoral School says:
      • A way to involve international students
      ✔  Learning quality: More ways to interact ✔  Student retention: Keeping in touch CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • The LKL Open Day organisers say:
      • An opportunity to address more people than architecture allows
      ✔  Green agenda: Less travel ✔  Marketing & recruitment: Enhancing interaction with potential students / researchers CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • What is Elluminate?
      • The Online Master of Research says:
      • A means to enthuse, activate and retain students
      ✔  Learning quality: Improved understanding ✔  Student retention: Deep engagement and enhanced bonding CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • 3 Use Case Details
    • Framework
      • SMAP
      • Synchronous
      • Media
      • Attribution
      • Process
      • Custom framework to guide and outline core issues in the MoSAIC project.
      CDE Conference 2010
      • Review of Pedagogical Theories
      • Which existing theories
      • are addressing
      • the specifics
      • of SAC?
      • ( Paper )
      • Advanced thinkers may add:
      • “… or any other technology”
      Pedagogy CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Pedagogy
      • Useful theories for SAC
        • Communities of Inquiry
        • Conversational Framework
        • Task Design
        • Multimodal theories
        • Exploratory Learning Model
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Pedagogy Tutor and course designer CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • MoSAIC Project
      • Six case scenarios
      • Remote lectures
      • F2F session recording
      • Simulcasts
      • Multiple venue linking
      • Group meetings
      • Remote tutoring
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Use Case Details
      • Scenario Template Structure
      • Scenario description
      • Required skill levels
      • Suggested activities
      • Pedagogical mindsets
      • Related pedagogical models
      • Embedding scenario into the wider teaching strategy
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Remote Lectures CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • CDE Conference 2010, University of London LKL 5 th Birthday 2009 Scenario Template Remote Lectures Description Guest expert gives presentation on particular topic Skills Teacher: Medium, Student: Low Activities Presentation, Recording Mindset Traditional, learning resource development Models Didactic Embedding Information resource as part of sequenced learning materials; one-off event
    • Remote Supervision / Feedback CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • CDE Conference 2010, University of London (no permission to show examples) Scenario Template Remote Supervision / Assignment Feedback Description Tutor works with individual students on a selected piece/body of work. Skills Teacher: Medium-High, Student: Medium Activities Document sharing, whiteboard brainstorming, feedback via annotation Mindset Guide on the side, personal development Models Conversational framework Embedding Supervision session at essay draft stage, relation to selected piece of instruction and/or assessment
    • Group Meetings CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • CDE Conference 2010, University of London IOE Doctoral School Summer Conference 2010 (student presentations) Educate~ online workshops (interactive exercises) Scenario Template Group Meetings Description Students present own work to classmates, or students work through set activities with high levels of interaction. Skills Teacher: High, Student: Medium-High Activities Role play, online debate Mindset Learners assume responsibility and control of their own learning Models Community of Inquiry Embedding Virtual classroom sessions at selected points of a larger process, e.g. as initial briefing or capstone event.
    • 4 Staff Development Issues to address
    • Staff Development CDE Conference 2010, University of London Technical Skills Cognitive Challenges Pedagogic Approaches Hoffman 2004 Finkelstein 2006 Hyder et al 2007 Mayer 2005 Jewitt 2006 Schullo et al 2005 Hampel 2006 Technology Media Pedagogy
    • Staff Development CDE Conference 2010, University of London Ways to encourage take-up Awareness Raising: Technology Tasters Skills Training: Workshops Media Competence, Pedagogic Expertise: Seminars Strategic Planning: Consultancies Implementation: One-to-one Support Innovation: Revalidation Requirements Pedagogic Needs: Course Design Support http://www.lkl.ac.uk/LTU/events
    • Any questions?
      • Tim Neumann
      • Contact:
      • [email_address] people.lkl.ac.uk/neumann
      Institute of Education University of London 20 Bedford Way London WC1H 0AL Tel +44 (0)20 7612 6000 Fax +44 (0)20 7612 6126 Email info@ioe.ac.uk Web www.ioe.ac.uk
    • Appendix (1)
      • References cited in this presentation
      • Hofmann, J (2004). The synchronous trainer’s survival guide. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
      • Mayer, R E (2005). The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning. Cambridge, MAL Cambridge University Press.
      • Schullo, S, Venable, M, Barron, A E, Kromrey, J D, Hilbelink, A & Hohlfeld, T (2005). Enhancing online courses with synchronous software, presented at the National Educational Computing Conference, June 27-30. Philadelphia, PA.
      • Finkelstein, J (2006). Learning in real time. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
      • Jewitt, C (2006). Technology, literacy and learning. London: Routledge.
      • Hampel, R (2006). Rethinking task design for the digital age. ReCall, 18 (1), 105-121.
      • Hyder, K, Kwinn, A, Miazga, R & Murray, M (2007). The eLearning Guild’s Handbook on Synchronous e-Learning. Santa Rosa, CAL The eLearning Guild.
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Appendix (2)
      • Papers and presentations related to this project
      • Papers
      • De Freitas, S and Neumann, T (2009). Pedagogic strategies supporting the use of Synchronous Audiographic Conferencing. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40 (6), pp 980-998. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00887.x
      • De Freitas, S and Neumann, T (2009). The use of ‘exploratory learning’ for supporting immersive learning in virtual environments. Computers & Education, 52 (2), 343-352.
      • Neumann, T and Carrington, A (2007). A mass collaboration approach to e-learning . ALT-N, April.
      • Presentations
      • CDE Conference 2009 @ University of London: MoSAIC ( Slideshare )
      • What is Synchronous Audiographic Conferencing? ( animated Powerpoint, 6.5 MByte )
      • Ten Potential Use Cases for SAC ( PDF )
      • ALT-C 2006 @ Heriot-Watt University: A Mass Collaboration Approach to E-Learning
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Appendix (3)
      • Background work hinted at in this presentation
      • Communities of Inquiry
      • Garrison, D. R. & Anderson, T. (2003). E–Learning in the 21st century: a framework for research and practice. London: Routledge/Falmer.
      • Conversational Framework
      • Laurillard, D. (2002). Rethinking university teaching: a conversational framework for the effective use of learning technologies (2nd ed.). London: Routledge Falmer.
      • Multimodal Theories
      • The New London Group (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66, 1, 60–92.
      • Task Design
      • Hampel, R. (2006). Rethinking task design for the digital age: a framework for language teaching and learning in a synchronous online environment. ReCALL, 18, 1, 105–121.
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London
    • Appendix (4)
      • Influential projects
      • IOE TQEF: Staff Development – Final Report (PDF)
      • IOE TQEF: Pedagogic Templates – WLE Centre Occasional Paper 2
      • Minimal Manuals Carroll, J M (1990). The Nuremberg Funnel: Designing minimalist instruction for practical computer skill. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
      • LDSE – Website
      • London Pedagogy Planner – Website
      • Phoebe – Website
      CDE Conference 2010, University of London