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Emerging Pedagogies, Learning Spaces and Communities

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Keynote presentation from the CDE’s Research and Innovation in Distance Education and eLearning conference, held at Senate House London on 19 October 2012. Conducted by Steve Wheeler (Plymouth …

Keynote presentation from the CDE’s Research and Innovation in Distance Education and eLearning conference, held at Senate House London on 19 October 2012. Conducted by Steve Wheeler (Plymouth University)


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  • [There are no digital natives. We are all in this together #ICL2012]
  • Transcript

    • 1. Emerging Pedagogies,Learning Spaces and Communities Steve Wheeler @timbuckteeth Plymouth University
    • 2. http://scoop.intel.com/what-happens-in-an-internet-minute/
    • 3. Social Tagging “Delicious is like a virtual fieldtrip through a library built by the recommendations of others.”http://www.oliverquinlan.com – Chris Sessums (2010)
    • 4. Disruptive Technology
    • 5. Gutenberg 1439: Mass produced Mmovable type (DisruptiveTechnology) www.cs-exhibitions.uni-klu.ac.at
    • 6. The First Mobile Phone
    • 7. The ‘Brick’http://www.xianet.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/first-mobile-phone.jpg
    • 8. Neutral technologies? http://www.oldukphotos.com
    • 9. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
    • 10. “We are becoming distributed beings.Mobile makes the trend more explicit.”- Mark Curtis (2005)
    • 11. Digital Cultural Capital (Membership of the Tribe) “Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”. - Wheeler (2009) Digital TribesImage Source: http://www.coreideas.com.au/
    • 12. Digital Totems For digital tribes ... their totems are their social networking tools within the World Wide Web. Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribeshttp://www.faqs.org
    • 13. Digital Totems• Gathering place• Rituals and rules• Celebration and fun• Transmission of customs, social mores and values (storytelling)• = Tribal identity• = Social networks http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcbwalsh/3412625028/ Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes
    • 14. Flickrites and Facebookershttp://www.travel-images.com http://www.coal-is-dirty.com
    • 15. Wikipedians (Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism = “What I Know Is..”
    • 16. ConnectedImage source: http://i.imwx.com cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    • 17. The Future...?• 1990: ‘The future is multi-media’• 2000: ‘The future is the Web’• 2010: ‘The future is smart mobile’
    • 18. Multimedia brought the world into the classroom... Smart technologies will take the classroom into the world.www.canada.com
    • 19. Adapted from : Nova Spivak Web 3.0 Web x.0Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web Degree of Social Connectivity
    • 20. The (Smart) eXtended Web Web 3.0 Web x.0Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Connects knowledge Connects intelligence Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web Connects information Connects people Degree of Social Connectivity
    • 21. We are already seeing early evidence of the Smart eXtended Web Intelligent Filtering Recommender Systems http://chemistscorner.com
    • 22. Personal Devices Enhanced Vision Ubiquitous connectionhttp://abdtechnology.com/tag/google-glass/
    • 23. Technological Pedagogical Symbiosis* TI * PI (McRae, 2012) Transformation? Source: http://www.learnerosity.com/?p=890
    • 24. Flipping the classroom? TEDhttp://schipul.com/photos/3659/in/122/
    • 25. Flip the roles, not the classroom
    • 26. We learn by teaching http://campussolutionsinc.com/tag/reach-college-students/
    • 27. Bearpit Pedagogyhttp://open.salon.com
    • 28. TD Effects (Close TD) -- Structure ++ Dialogue T S Source: Moore (1989) Transactional Distance
    • 29. TD Effects + + Dialogue Structure T S Source: Moore (1989) Transactional Distance
    • 30. TD Effects (Remote TD) -- Dialogue ++ Structure T S Source: Moore (1989) Transactional Distance
    • 31. 3 key human interactioncharacteristics... Cognition Cooperation Communication
    • 32. ... and web toolsthat facilitate Blogthem Cognition Cooperation Wiki Communication Social Network
    • 33. Image source: http://businessinnovationfactory.com “We are seeing peer-based learning networks where students are learning as much from each other as they are from their mentors and tutors.” – John Seely-Brown
    • 34. http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/ Paragogy
    • 35. Connectivism We live in a techno-social world Learning occurs inside and outside of people – we store our knowledge in computers and in other people – George Siemens Source: George Siemens www.connectivism.ca/http://www.sciencedaily.com
    • 36. Making connections In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organised learning. (It’s not what you know but who you know)http://www.pestproducts.com Source: Wikipedia
    • 37. Since we cannot experience everything, otherpeople’s experiences, and hence other people, become the surrogate for knowledge. ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ is an axiom for collecting knowledge through collecting people. - Karen Stephenson http://bradley.chattablogs.com
    • 38. Deleuze & RhizomesGuattari Anarchy of the Web
    • 39. Rhizomatic learning http://archbold-station.org“...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit points in data representation and interpretation.”
    • 40. Rhizomatic learning “A rhizomatic plant has no © Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008 centre and no defined boundary; rather, it is made up of a number of semi- independent nodes, each of which is capable of growing and spreading on its own, bounded only by the limits of its habitat.”Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
    • 41. Rhizomatic learning“In the rhizomatic view, © Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008knowledge can only benegotiated, [and is] apersonal knowledge-creation process withmutable goals andconstantly negotiatedpremises.” Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
    • 42. Open NetworksIf ... information isrecognized as useful tothe community ... it canbe counted asknowledge.The community, then,has the power to createknowledge within agiven context and leavethat knowledge as a newnode connected to therest of the network’.– Dave Cormier (2008) http://inperspire.blogspot.com
    • 43. Community as curriculum
    • 44. Three kinds of learner support These are usually provided by peers Social Technical support support Academic support Traditionally the domain of the Source: Carnwell (2000) teacher/tutor
    • 45. http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/5667863948/
    • 46. Power users 14% Irregular users 14% Ordinary users 27% Basic users 45% n = 2096, mean age range 17-23 yearsSource: Kennedy et al (2010) Beyond Digital Natives and Immigrants: Exploringtypes of net generation students, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 26 (5).
    • 47. http://truedantalion.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/silver-surfers.htmlDigital Residents or Visitors?
    • 48. http://www.flickr.com/photos/will-lion/3601144842/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    • 49. Viral Video25 million views 46 million views51 million views 447 million views
    • 50. “Lee Harvey and the Wailers”(Lee Harvey did not jam alone) http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630
    • 51. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas EdisonLearners need ‘digital wisdom’
    • 52. “Knowledge thatis acquired undercompulsionobtains no holdon the mind.” Plato- Socrates http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904
    • 53. Wikipedia iscrowdsourcing evaluation
    • 54. MOOC
    • 55. “How cantechnology make http://www.global-images.neta person better?Only in this way:by providing eachperson with http://www.global-images.netchances.”- Kevin Kelly
    • 56. W: steve-wheeler.netE: swheeler@plymouth.ac.ukB: steve-wheeler.blogspot.comT: @timbuckteeth