Philippines: Still the Pearl of the
By: Group 3
A.Explain the concept of Environmental
B.Describe the Environmental
Problems in the Philippines
C.Analyze the impact of Environmental
problems on people's health.
• Is everything in the
natural and manmade environment
that might affect
2 Kinds of
• It includes the lands
and water forms.
• It includes houses,
and provinces and the
The most pressing
environmental problems in
especially in watershed areas.
3.Air and Water Pollution in
Major Urban Centers
4.Coral Reef Degradation
5.Increasing pollution of coastal
mangrove swamps that are
important breeding grounds of
-Is the destruction of big areas of our
-clearance or clearing is the removal
of a forest or stand of trees where the
land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use.
One hundred years ago, the
Philippines had about 22,000,000
hectares of forest. In 2000 our forest
hadbeen trimmed down to 600,000
hectares (Imagine Echo Project,
2008). WHERE DID ALMOST 97%
OF OUR FORESTS GO?
MAjor reasons why we are losing
Effects of Deforestation to our
The International Rice Research Institiute (IRRI)
in Los Banos, Laguna estimates that it takes
more than 4,000 liters of water to produce one
kilo of rice. Most of our freshwater comes from
watersheds in our forest. Deforestation has
resulted in the decrease of freshwater for our
farms. So loss of forest means loss of food. It
means also loss of other health products that
come from forests- clothings and medicines.
Happens when soil and rock are
moved from one place to another by
wind, water and gravity. It is brought
by natural and human activities.
Strong winds and heavy rains cause
Human activities that cause Soil
•Building of roads
•Urbanization-- creation of towns and
Effects of Soil Erosion to our
Because most of our foods come from our
farmlands are, like our forests, fast
disappearing at the rate of more than
10,000,000 a year becAuse of soil erosion,
while more than 3.7 million people are
malnourished. Soil also loses its fertility
when the forest or farm is burned.
Effects of Indoor Air Pollution
Deaths due to indoor air
pollution are usually due to
chRonic obstructive pulmonary
diseases or COPD, pneumonia
and lung cancer.
So many people are using water
for so many purposes--household
and industrial, such that much of
the waste water is no longer
treated or disposed properly.
They become pollutants in