Caribbean Water and Sewage Association Inc. January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 fall, an Antiguan meteorologist has expressed con- cern that not enough rainwater is being caught. "I have always believed that we need additional sur- face storage so that we can capture and keep more of the rainfall that we do get," said Keithley Meade, director of the Antigua and Barbuda Meteorological Services. "The rainfall mostly does not even get to the aqui- fers (water stored in the ground), since the runoff is pretty fast. This is one area where I think we should have improved and still need to do so," he Caribbean explained. experts are Even with their increased focus on water manage- calling for more ment, financial constraints prevented representatives of the tiny islands in the Caribbean from attending Integrated a major gathering -- the 6th World Water Forum in Water Resource Marseille, France -- held March 12-17. Management Despite their absence though, Caribbean coun- CAWASA’s Chairman laments practices tries kept a close eye on the meeting, which had ear- that Caribbean people still across the lier set the ambitious target of going down in his- believe water is free when region tory as the forum that will bring solutions to water, there’s a cost to it… based on openness and exchange. T "DOWASCO will review the findings and recom- "What happens is that as you draw more fresh wo years after severe drought wreaked mendations," Ettinoffe said, adding that particular water, it actually pulls in the salt water with it. If havoc with a number of Caribbean coun- attention would be paid to Climate Change. you get sea level rises, the saline interface with the tries, some are now adopting new strate- gies in a bid to prevent a repeat of a situation "Climate Change and climate variability is as real fresh water will rise also, or move further inland, where countries were rationing water and im- to Dominica as to many other countries. We are ex- so that means its more likely that your wells will posing strict restrictions on residents. periencing more intense rainfall and also occasional be intruded with salt water." drier spells, both of which come with their own Cox said the Caribbean is very vulnerable in "We have embarked on a programme geared towards management of the catchment areas, challenges, which must be managed. terms of its fresh water resources, noting that which includes preventing deforestation, agri- "More intense rainfalls result in siltation of streams the human influences were to blame. "Its not cultural activities and use of chemicals in pro- and rivers and greater need for water treatment and only about clearing trees but you reduce water tected areas and overall limiting human activi- even the need to shut the supply down at times. Dur- availability when you pollute the water. For ex- ties in protected areas," said Bernard Ettinoffe, ing drier periods, there is always need for caution and ample, in the case of Antigua, weve heard that General Manager of the Dominica Water and conservation," he added. there is a lot of land use conflicts and some of Sewage Company (Dowasco). Salinisation of fresh groundwater is yet another the reservoirs are receiving direct contamina- He added, "We have also embarked on edu- concern for Caribbean islands. "Both Antigua and Bar- tion from households and other types of activi- cational programmes at the schools and com- buda are small islands. Our well fields are close to the ties whether it be agriculture or commercial en- munity levels aimed at raising awareness of the coast, hence the salinisation of this resource (by over terprises." need for conservation of water resources; and exploitation or rising sea levels) is a major concern," He also pointed to problems with water avail- more recently have begun giving consideration Rodrigues said, noting "our plans include artificial re- ability in rural areas of St. Lucia, Jamaica and to an Integrated Water Resource Management charge, reducing exploitation in some areas, seeking Trinidad. Cox said juxtaposing these situations Approach to the management of land and water inland resources, and improving monitoring systems. with the Climate Change issues, where it is be- resources." "We have also installed additional desalination ing forecast that the Caribbean region, particu- Ettinoffe said Dominica, like many other capacity on Antigua and we are in the process of larly the Eastern Caribbean, could see declines countries, has seen some decline in water lev- doing the same for Barbuda," Rodrigues added. in average annual rainfall by between 30-50%, els in rivers and streams, but that the island, But, he said, the additional desalination capacity the dry seasons will become more intense and also known as the Nature Isle, still boasts of an will not meet present needs of a country which pres- result in problems with water supply. abundance of good quality fresh water. ently utilizes 20% surface water and 10% ground- He said Caribbean governments are slowly "Whereas measures are being taken to pre- water. coming around to the whole concept of Integrat- serve the resources for future generations, the Programme Director at the St. Lucia-based Carib- ed Water Resources Management, with Jamaica risks of no water or even inadequate supplies bean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) Profes- being the most advanced in this regard. for decades to come is minimal," Ettinoffe said. sor Christopher Cox says “sea level rise and salini- "Governments are slow to put in place strong The neighbouring twin-island state of Anti- sation” is a concern in other parts of the Caribbean polices for protection of water resources. “The gua and Barbuda is reporting higher than nor- as well. big problem is that people in the Caribbean think mal rainfall over the past 12 months. "We know in The Bahamas, in Barbados and in St. water is free. But there is a cost to get it to the "Our surface water resources are at max ca- Kitts that the coastal aquifers, where you have over- stage where it does not constitute a health risk. pacity," Ivan Rodrigues, water manager of the abstraction, it sucks up the salt water component into “In the Caribbean, water is not given the level of Antigua Public Utilities Authority (APUA), the fresh water so the fresh water sits on top of the salt importance it deserves," he concluded. said. But in spite of the higher than normal rain- water," he explained. (by Desmond Brown, IPS) In this Issue UN Meets Millennium Development Goal on Water Page 2 6th World Water Forum Page 6 World Water Facts Page 2 Calls for Reforming Caribbean Waste Water Page 8 CAWASA Secretariat News Page 5 How Hotels & Businesses Can Save & Recycle Water Page 10
Page 2 e-Source January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1UN Meets Millennium Development CAWASA ED advises on ‘Building Resistance to Goal on Drinking Water Climate Change’ water supplies, up from 76% in the base year of 1990. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon hailed the achievement of halving the number of people without access to improved drinking water. He said it was thanks to people who had seen it not as a dream, but a vital step to improve health and well-being. Improvement to clean water supplies has not been even: 40% of those still without access to im- proved drinking water live in sub-Saharan Africa. Worldwide, almost 800 million people still drink dirty water. But in the past 20 years, two billion people have gained access to improved drinking water. CAWASA Executive Director While this was the first significant Millennium Victor Poyotte Development Goal (MDG) to be reached, the A charity Water Aid says that the other part of the t the invitation of the Environment target, for safe sanitation, is more off track than and Sustainable Development Unit any other MDG. (ESDU) of the Organization of Eastern The biggest challenge for this target is in India, Caribbean States (ESDU-OECS), CAWASA where more than half of the population, 626 mil- Executive Director Victor Poyotte made a pre- lion people, do not have access to a toilet. sentation on “Building Resilience to Climate Change” to the Technical Advisory Commit- The other MDGs, including those on reducing tee of the OECS.T poverty and improving access to education, are he Millennium Development Goal for ac- unlikely to be hit by 2015. The global economic The presentation, which was delivered in cess to clean water has been reached, ahead downturn and greater pressure from increased three parts [WHERE and WHEN], dealt with of the target date of 2015. Now, 89% of the population have pushed success even further out issues pertinent to increasing the resilience ofpopulation of the world have access to improved of reach. the water sector and the impacts of climate change. Part One examined issues relating to the World Water Facts sources of water supply in the OECS, the governance framework, water resource man- agement, water services regulation, the role of water utilities as service providers, wa- ter resource use policies and water sector • 1.2 billion people in developing countries lack access to safe sources of water; financing. • Over 141 million urban dwellers in Latin America and the Caribbean do not have access Part Two discussed the various impacts to safe drinking water; climate change has had or is having on the Water Sector. It identified the main charac- • 2.4 billion people lack access to safe sanitation services; teristics of climate change (such as extreme weather events, more frequent hurricanes, • 3 billion people every year suffer from water-related infections; storms, earthquakes, floods, tsunami, sea rise, • More than 5 million are killed every year mostly by diarrhea-related diseases caused by etc.) This presentation also highlighted the lack of water; impact of climate change on public health, social, economic, environmental and financial • Each day over 10,000 children under the age of five in developing countries die as a re- aspects of utility operations. sult of illnesses contracted by use of impure water; Part Three recommended specific policy • Global demand for fresh water doubles every 20 years, which is twice as fast as human measures the OECS governments should population growth; adopt in order to build resilience to climate change in the water sector. These include: • Millions of women in several countries have to walk at least three miles daily to fetch conducting a water resource audit, improving water; resource management, updating governance instruments, streamlining water resource use, • World agricultural yield will decrease by 50% by 2020; regulating water sector services, training wa- • By 2050 the world’s water will have to support agricultural systems to produce enough ter utility operators improving water utility food for an additional 2.7 billion people; management and providing adequate financ- ing for the water sector. • More than one billion people in water-poor regions around the world survive each day Generally, the CAWASA Executive Direc- on the same amount of water used to flush a toilet or bathe for five minutes – only five tor advised that OECS governments need to litres. take steps to improve water storage and ac- cess to potable supplies. • Each person in the world requires only 13 gallons (48 litres) of water per day; in the USA He also urged that they introduce policies each person uses an average of 132 gallons (500 litres), Canadians use an average of 79 to make it mandatory for developers to en- gallons (300 litres) and in England each person uses 52 gallons ( 200 litres) daily; gage in rain water harvesting for residential • Water is important to production: To manufacture each new car requires use of 39,000 and public buildings, for tourism, construc- tion and agriculture-related activities. gallons (148,000 litres) of water; The presentation emphasized that sub- • Water can be consumed in strange ways: A 60-watt incandescent build can consume up regional governments have a vested interest to 6,000 gallons (22,710 litres) of water per year; in ensuring the availability of water for im- proved health, as well as for crisis manage- • Water and energy are critically interrelated and mutually dependent, as each needs the ment such as responding to droughts and other: production of energy requires large amounts of water and production of water putting out large fires. To this end, govern- requires large amounts of energy; ments are asked to make adequate budget- ary allocations for water sector development, • Production of drinking water from impure sources can be quite costly on energy: Pro- while utilities should forecast future growth cessing each one cubic metre of drinkable water through desalination using reverse os- in the sector. mosis (forcing salty water through a membrane to remove the salt) requires about 2k Where necessary, governments and utilities Wh of electricity. were also strongly urged to examine alterna- tive sources of water supply, including con- Continued on Page 10 struction of reverse osmosis (RO) plants.
January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 e-Source Page 3 UN Water says:Save Water and Ensure Food for AllT here are 7 billion people to feed on the planet today and another 2 billion are expected to join by 2050. Statistics say that each of us drinks from 2 to 4 litres of water every day. However most of the water we ‘drink’ is embedded in the food we eat. Producing 1 kilo of beef, for example, consumes 15,000 litres of water, while 1 kilo of wheat ‘drinks up’ 1,500 litres. When a billion people in the world already livein chronic hunger and water resources are underpressure we cannot pretend the problem is ‘else-where’. Coping with population growth and ensuringaccess to nutritious food to everyone call for a se-ries of actions we can all help with:• Follow a healthier, sustainable diet;• Consume less water-intensive products;• Reduce the scandalous food wastage: 30% of the food produced worldwide is never eaten and the water used to produce it is definitive- ly lost!• Produce more food, of better quality, with less water. At all steps of the supply chain, from producersto consumers, actions can be taken to save waterand ensure food for all. And you? Do you know how much wateryou actually consume every day? How can youchange your diet and reduce your water foot-print? Join the World Water Day 2012 campaign“Water and Food Security” and find out more!(Courtesy: UN Water UN Secretary General calls for more sustainable use of water On World Water Day, 22nd March 2012, United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon issued the following Message from his New York headquarters: will fail to end hunger and we will open the door sectors and actors. It will entail transferring ap- to a range of other ills, including drought, famine propriate water technologies, empowering small and political instability. food producers and conserving essential ecosys- In many parts of the world, water scarcity is tem services. It will require policies that promote increasing and rates of growth in agricultural water rights for all, stronger regulatory capacity production have been slowing. At the same time, and gender equality. Investments in water infra- climate change is exacerbating risk and unpre- structure, rural development and water resource dictability for farmers, especially for poor farm- management will be essential. ers in low-income countries who are the most We should all be encouraged by the renewed vulnerable and the least able to adapt. political interest in food security, as evidenced by These interlinked challenges are increasing the high priority given to this issue by the agendas competition between communities and countries of the G8 and G20, the emphasis on the nexus of for scarce water resources, aggravating old secu- food, water and energy in the report of my Global rity dilemmas, creating new ones and hamper- Sustainability Panel, and the growing number of ing the achievement of the fundamental human countries pledging to Scale Up Nutrition. rights to food, water and sanitation. With nearly On this World Water Day, I urge all partners to 1 billion people hungry and some 800 million still fully use the opportunity provided by the Rio+20 lacking a safe supply of freshwater, there is much UN Conference on Sustainable Development. In we must do to strengthen the foundations of lo- Rio, we need to connect the dots between water cal, national, and global stability. security and food and nutrition security in the Guaranteeing sustainable food and water secu- context of a green economy. Water will play a rity for all will require the full engagement of all central role in creating the future we want UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moonO ver the coming decades, feeding a grow- ing global population and ensuring food and nutrition security for all will dependon increasing food production. This, in turn,means ensuring the sustainable use of our mostcritical finite resource – water. The theme of this year’s World Water Day iswater and food security. Agriculture is by far themain user of freshwater. Unless we increase ourcapacity to use water wisely in agriculture, we
Page 4 e-Source January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 CAWASA Preparing Saint Lucia’sNational Synthesis Report for Rio +20S aint Lucia has been preparing for the up- remaining gaps in the implementation of the out- the capacity of the Saint Lucia delegation to en- coming 2012 United Nations Conference on comes of the major summits on Sustainable De- gage more fully in the Rio Conference and to en- Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in Rio velopment. sure continuing efforts to implement the expect-de Janeiro, Brazil in June – and CAWASA has It will also address new and emerging chal- ed outcomes.been part of that process. lenges and to this end the conference will focus As part of Saint Lucia’s efforts to participate in The conference is being held on the occasion of on two themes: A Green Economy in the context preparatory activities, the United Nations Depart-the 20th anniversary of the 1992 United Nations of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradi- ment of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA),Conference on Environment and Development cation; and The Institutional Framework for Sus- contracted CAWASA to prepare the stocktaking re-(UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro and the 10th anniver- tainable Development. port, conduct a multi-stakeholder consultative meet-sary of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable The preparatory activities were undertaken in ing and Prepare the Draft National Synthesis Report.Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg. a three-phased national consultation process that CAWASA Executive Director Victor Poyotte The conference will seek renewed and assured contributed to the preparation of the National served as the Principal Consultant for the assign-political commitment for Sustainable Develop- Synthesis Report. ment, with administrative supported from Pro-ment, as well as assess progress to date and the The preparatory activities were aimed to build gramme Officer Suzanne Joseph. WRMA’s 2012 World Water Day Message SAVE WATER & SECURE FOOD! T he Water Resource Management and farming communities. that dark day in our history where our na- Agency (WRMA) of St. Lucia’s Minis- He said that period taught St. Lucia telling tion became obligated to practice all that is try of Sustainable Development, Ener- lessons about “why it’s important to conserve correct to mitigate such natural occurrences.” gy, Science and Technology on March 23rd water and to adhere to good farming practices He implored consumers to “Use water observed World Water Day (WWD) 2012, and proper building codes.” conservatively, use every drop sparingly, calling on consumers everywhere to con- “We witnessed almost extreme measures be- and engage in good farming practices”; and serve water and on farmers to observe prop- er farming practices, all to ensure Water and ing adopted in order to enjoy some of the basic he also called on all at the WRMA “to ensure Food Security and secure a better future for amenities and fundamental human rights for that these standards be maintained and by later generations. survival. We made promises and pledges (so doing so securing a better future for the next as) not to return to this situation again, unpre- generation.” Fitzgerald John, Senior Agricultural Of- ficer in the Ministry, recalled the pressures pared,” he observed. But, he added, “no sooner The WRMA, since inception, has been pro- and problems posed by the long and strong as these amenities were restored, over time it moting educational and sensitization pro- drought caused by El Nino in 2009-10 and quickly became business as usual for some.” grams island-wide, aimed at drawing closer the subsequent passage of Hurricane Tomas, John said the WWD 2102 theme of Water and attention to the importance of water conser- which devastated the island’s water supply Food Security “should serve as a reminder of vation – and, by extension, food production.
January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 e-Source Page 5 CAWASA Secretariat NewsCAWASA attended ABC Procurement & Inventory Management Board Certification Workshop held in Grenada Meeting in FloridaProgram Officer Suzanne Joseph representedCAWASA at the 25th Conference of the As-sociation of Boards of Certification (ABC) heldin Tampa, Florida from January 17-21, 2012,where he made a presentation on the topic“Overcoming Operator Certificate RenewalChallenges in a Caribbean Multi-Island Envi-ronment”. The highlight of his paper was onthe administrative challenges experienced byCAWASA Secretariat in relation to the certi-fication program policy. He also offered solu-tions to overcome these challenges. Over 100persons attended the Conference._________________________________________ Participants at the CAWASA Grenada Procurement and Inventory Management WorkshopOffice Assistant furthering studies in Canada A Procurement & Inventory Management Workshop was held at the Flamboyant Hotel performance, efficiency and effectiveness with the latest techniques for procuring, storing and Conference Room in Grenada from October 21st replenishing inventory.Chantal Maxius, CAWASA’s Administrative to 22nd, 2011. Participants also learned skills to reduce short-Assistant left the post last November (2011) for The facilitator was Mr Dennis Lord, Execu- ages, stock-outs and improve daily performance.Canada to pursue higher education. The Exec- tive Director of Inventory Management Solutions This workshop also helped participants betterutive Director and Program Officer recalled her (IMS) Consultancy of Canada and some 26 per- understand the purchasing cycle, as well as stra-diligence while at duty at the Secretariat and sons from CAWASA member-utilities attended tegic purchasing, planning and replenishment ofwished her well in her pursuit of her studies. the workshop. inventory. It covered all activities from the pur- The objective of the meeting was to secure chase requisition to the best methods for receiv-_________________________________________ proper methods for stores invenmtory manage- ing and storing parts. ment and procurement with the there: “Right In addition, participants reviewed tools andCertification examinations Parts, Right Quantity, Right Place, Right Time!” Another objective was to improve operating techniques for right-sizing inventory to better manage storeroom service and costs. 18 wrote Trinidad and Tobago certification exams in MarchA Certification Examination National Coor- WASCO hosting Effective Utility Management and Governance workshopsdination Agreement was signed between CA-WASA and Irwin Gill of WASA, Trinidad & To- St. Lucia’s WASCO is one of several regional, nadian experts” and the continuing series “isbago, as a result of which 18 candidates wrote utility companies participating in a series of Ef- aimed at preparing utility managers across thethe examinations in Wastewater Treatment on fective Utility Management (EUM) workshops CAWASA’s Caribbean portfolio to better manageMarch 3, 2012 in Trinidad & Tobago. The 18 op- being held in various territories. and govern their individual entities and engageerators also wrote the Class I Examinations in WASCO’s Public Relations Consultant Clinton in collective actions of mutual interest.”Wastewater Treatment and nine were success- Reynolds says the ongoing course “involves nine The latest of the local workshops was attendedful, attaining 70% and over. modules, of which three have been completed” by Public Utilities Minister Dr Jimmy Fletcher, at the island’s Bay Gardens Hotel in Rodney Bay. as well as by CAWASA’s Executive Director, Mr 4 Passed November 2011 Exams He says the workshops “are being led by Ca- Victor Poyotte.On November 25, 2011, nine operators and an-alysts from St. Lucia, Dominica and Montser-rat wrote their certification examinations. Fourpassed – three in Level I and one in Level II. Annual Caribbean Water Conference DOWASCO operator topped June 2011 exam results briefed by CAWASA on Global Partnership Alliance The Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA) held its Annual Conference in Gosier, Guadeloupe from October 2nd to 7th 2011. At that Conference, Executive Director Victor Poyotte made a three-part presentation on behalf of the Global Water Operators Part- nership Alliance (GWOPA). The Executive Director introduced GWOPA, explained the main role and functions of the organization at the international level and in the Caribbean region, and outlined features of the new GWOPA website. DOWASCO’s Jefferson Durand He also discussed the methods used by GWOPA to conduct training and the various types of training implemented in different regions of the world. Also included in the presentationForty-two operators and analysts from CA- was a description of the GWOPA Charter as a non-profit organization and a Code of Conduct.WASA member-utilities sat the June 2011certi- The presentation provided conference participants with an overview of the Caribbean Wa-fication examinations. Eight passed, with one, ter Operators Partnership (CARIWOP).Jefferson Durand of DOWASCO (Dominica) It also gave details of how CARIWOP operates within the framework of the Water Op-attaining Level IV in Water Distribution. The erators Partnership for Latin America and the Caribbean (WOP-LAC) with support for theSecretariat congratulates Mr Durand on his implementations of its annual work plans and projects.achievement, having attained the highest level.
Page 6 e-Source January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 The 6th World Water Forum In Facts and Figures These included the worldwide exhibitionMore than 600 volunteers participated in the activities before and during the with the theme “Innovation : the Village of So-week of the Forum, which also featured around 20 high level meetings, a Min- lution” which showed seven different univers- es -- the Library, the Agora Café, the Factory,isterial Conference, a Parliamentary Conference and an International Con- the Bank, the School, the City Hall and the Slumference of Local and Regional Authorities for Water, which all took place -- all providing examples of potential solutionsMarch 14 to 15, 2012. in the field of access to water and sanitation. The Forum also featured some thirty inter-S national pavilions, 140 labeled “Grassroots & everal Caribbean water utilities attended major questions and broadcast on the Internet Citizenship” events and projects mobilizing the 6th World Water Forum, which took website (worldwaterforum6.org). The debates the Civil Society. take place at the Parc Chanot in Marseille, were on “Private/Public Involvement in theFrance, from March 12-17. Provision of Water and SanitationServices” The Forum was attended by 140 ministerial and “Increasing Resilience to Climate Change: delegations and more than 80 ministries, more Described as “A Forum of Solutions”, it was What is the Role of Water Storage?” than 800 hours of exchange and debates, 600planned to be a major step towards solving the organisations (including many NGOs) attend-problems linked with water and sanitation ac- The Forum hosted 12 high-level round-tables ing 160 workshops; and more than 2,000 per-cess the world. on such issues as Funding of Infrastructure, sons were involved in preparatory work. The Forum also considered questions relat- Green Economy, Trans-boundary Waters and Water & Health. There were also nine high In addition, some 1,800 young people from 6ing to energy and water resource management level panels on issues including Nexus Water, to 35 years old, students or young profession-in the face of Climate Change, as well as Food Food & Energy, Water & Food Security, Right als, active for several months through manySecurity and Assisting the Poorest Populations. to Water, World Water Governance. initiatives (ex-World Parliament of the Youth) More than 2,000 experts prepared papers also attended.they presented under themes such as “Water Also featured were six “trialogues” on Afri- ca, Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Mediterra- More than 600 volunteers participated in the& Energy”, “Water & Health”, “Water & Food” nean and Arabic countries, as well as five spe- activities before and during the week of theand “Water & Cities”, out of which participants cial sessions on: Water Scarcity in Arid Areas, Forum, which also featured around twentylisted 12 priority action areas. Water Storage and Sustainable Development, high level meetings, a ministerial conference, a The France Forum was also a preparatory Water and Future of Humanity, Water & Spiri- parliamentary conference and an Internationalstep for the United Nations Conference for Sus- tuality and Water in Western USA. Conference of Local and Regional Authoritiestainable Development “Rio + 20”, which will for Water, which all took place March 14 to 15.take place June 20-22 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Forum hosted 15 multi-stakeholder ses- sions on implementing the right to water and More than 300 sessions were dedicated to The Forum discussed the program that came sanitation, good governance and sustainable finding the solutions to take up the challengesout of three years of coordination of the politi- financing. of water around the world and those issuescal, thematic, regional and civil society process- The first worldwide exhibition of water and were discussed at about 100 parallel conferenc-es on the major questions of access to water and sanitation access solutions also took place at es; there were 180 “Grassroots & Citizenship”sanitation. the forum, featuring activities and events to events and projects to get the Civil Society in- The conference also featured two public raise the audience’s awareness on the stakes of volved among which 140 at the moment of thedebates mixing points of view and actors on water. Forum. Guadeloupe hosted Caribbean Utilities ahead of World Water Forum T he French-speaking island of Guadeloupe hosted the 20th Carib- (Inter-Urban District Union of Central and Southern Martinique) and bean Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA) conference Communauté de Communes du Centre Littoral de Guyane (French and exhibition last October in the resort town of Gosier. Guyanese Community of Municipalities for the Central Coast). CAWASA’s Executive Director Victor Poyotte and representatives It was also attended by participants from the United States, Canada, from more than 45 countries descended on the French-speaking Ca- Latin America and Europe, as well as from countries and territories in ribbean island for the CWWAs annual meeting (October 2-7, 2011) as the Indian Ocean and the Pacific. well as for the island’s 10th annual celebration of "The Water Days", “Legislative Procedures and Regulations in the field of Water Sani- which coincided with the meeting. tation and Waste Management”, the “State of Networks in the Carib- This combined event was said by the organizers to have “reinforced bean Region”, and “Financial Management of Waste and the Recovery Caribbean links, promoted the sharing of expertise and consolidated of Rain Water” were among the principal topics debated under the partnership agreements between the nations of the region in the water, theme "Caribbean Cooperation: The Future of Water and Waste Man- sanitation and waste management sectors.” agement in the Region". The meeting was jointly organized by Syndicat Intercommunal Secondary and university students took part in both academic and dAlimentation en Eau et dAssainissement de la Guadeloupe (Guade- recreational elements of the event, in partnership with Université des loupes Inter- Antilles et de la Guyane (UAD), while there were also discussions to Urban District Union of Water Supply and Sanitation) in partnership prepare a united Caribbean presentation for the 6th World Water Fo- with Syndicat Intercommunal du Centre et du Sud de la Martinique rum in Marseilles, France from March 12 to 17, 2012.
January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 e-Source Page 7 St. Lucia Government wants Joint Public/Private Sector Bailout for WASCOT he St. Lucia Water and Sewage Company The privatization process resumed in April 2008 (WASCO), is eyeing a return to profitability with two major international companies bidding, within five years – if it gets the EC $51 million but the controversial process was aborted by theit needs now to bail itself out of its ocean of debts. government in December of that year after one of Following public statements by the island’s new the two companies threatened to go to court over aPublic Utilities Minister Dr James Fletcher and new technicality.Board Chairman Egbert Louis after meetings of the But the current administration has taken priva-company’s new Board of Directors, company offi- tization completely off the table, with Dr Fletchercials have been expressing optimism about the fu- indicating there will be no foreign capital injectionture viability of the island’s lone water company. sought by way of sale of assets. Instead, he said, the government will seek a Public/Private Sector Partic- The new board has outlined several new initia- ipation approach that will involve only local firms.tives to be undertaken to restore the island’s waterservices to normal capacity and General Manager “WASCO must change from its current unsustain- Public Utilities Minister Dr James FletcherJohn Joseph earlier this year outlined a five-year able model,” of depending on water bill payments and other traditional sales of water while remaining more profitable water business -- such as bottlingWASCO revival plan. in perennial debt, the minister said, adding, how- water, which is a continuously growing business on Dr Fletcher met several times with the cash- the island. ever, that whatever privatization model is chosenstrapped utility company during the first quarter of “will also have to protect the right of the vulnerable In the first quarter of 2012, the company engagedthis year and pledged his fullest support for its res- and disadvantaged to access to water.” in readjustment and realignment, revisiting pasturrection. But WASCO continues to be beset by se- Noting that “WASCO has problems ranging policies, examining current realities and planningrious financial problems that have anchored it over “from dam to distribution,” the minister said a situ- for the future. Much attention was given to restor-many years. ation could not continue whereby “WASCO always ing capacity in areas most damaged in both urban The company’s financial situation has always and rural areas, with periodic shut-downs to facili- has to depend on the government for support.been bad, but got much worse following Hurricane tate vital repairs and changes.Tomas in October 2010, which filled the Roseau The local private sector -- especially businesses and hotels, long suffering from their own water The company has also been taking early steps thisDam with one-third silt and robbed it of 230 million woes – has repeatedly indicated interest in a rescue year to avoid a repeat of the Hurricane Tomas silt-gallons of storage capacity. Overall, Tomas visited mission of sorts for WASCO and they say they are ation experience at the Roseau Dam -- which could$20 million worth of damage on the island’s water still prepared to help bail the water company out of hasten a shortage of drinking water in the northernsystem. But, two years later, only $3 million has its money woes. half of the island within six weeks of a drought -- ad-been spent repairing the hurricane’s damage. The renewed private sector interest has been wel- vocating measures for and encouraging water con- Customers still spend more buying bottled water comed by Chairman Louis. “It’s almost imperative servation practices ahead of a possible dry season.than paying bills – and even some government bills that the private/public participation model must There’s much expectation that whatever neware allowed to run high. For example, the Beause- come into place,” he said, “as there is no way that model is under consideration will result in a com-jour Cricket Ground (BCG) owed $603,000 since the government, in the present situation, will be mon plan that would rescue WASCO from its oceanmid-2011, until WASCO disconnected the national able to take WASCO through the problems it has of debts and restore the confidence of customerscricket stadium and got paid in January 2012. At the right now.” and consumers in its ability to rescue itself from itssame time, WASCO itself owes LUCELEC (the elec- Those calling for change have been arguing that ocean of money problems and the country from itstricity company) close to $7 million. the company should modernize and venture into remaining water woes. Joseph says the company’s “government debt”now stands at approximately $100 million (70%prin-cipal, 30% interest) and immediately needs $10 mil-lion for operating costs. The company returned to profitability after wa-ter rates were doubled in 1999, but it continued tobe financially strangled over the years after beingsaddled with the cost of the multi-million-dollar SirJohn Compton Dam at Roseau, built by governmentwith a large Canadian loan several years ago. It became a limited liability company in Decem-ber 2002, with Government remaining the onlyshareholder. Then in 2005 Government decided toinvite private sector participation through privati-zation and international bids were invited and con-sidered, but general elections at the end of that yearand the subsequent death of Prime Minister Sir JohnCompton stalled the process. Change agents want to see customers paying for more than just water at WASCO Saint Lucian consumers of life’s most pre- merce during the 2011 general elections cam- St. Lucians won’t be cious resource have been guaranteed they paign that should his party win, water would taxed for drinking will be spared paying value Added Tax be minus VAT. Roseau Dam water (VAT) on water when the new tax takes ef- The tax will be implemented in September fect in September. and the Prime Minister was expected to an- Prime Minister Dr Kenny D. Anthony, who nounce the other zero-rated items in his 2012- is also Finance Minister, has repeatedly as- 2013 Budget Address on May 8th. sured consumers that water and electricity will The Prime Minister said while the state need- not attract VAT, as they will be the first on the ed every cent it could collect by way of taxes, list of ‘zero-rated’ items that will be Vat-free. he did not want “to impose any extra or unnec- Dr Anthony, as leader of the opposition, essary burden on consumers, who are already had assured the st. Lucia chamber of Com- feeling the economic squeeze.”
Page 8 e-Source January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 CReW Expert calls for BetterManagement of Caribbean Waste WaterT he Global Environment Facility Carib- bean Regional Fund for Wastewater Man- agement (GEF CReW) held its InceptionWorkshop at the Terra Nova Hotel in Kingston,Jamaica from 7 to 8 February 2012, where a seri-ous case was made for Reforming WastewaterManagement in the Caribbean. The workshop was organized by the Inter-agency Coordinating Group (IACG) compris-ing the Inter-American Development Bank(IDB) and the United Nations Environment Pro-gramme (UNEP). Denise Forrest, Project Coordinator for theGEF-CReW, highlighted the current challengesfacing wastewater management in the Caribbe-an and made a strong case for regional reform. Degradation of the Caribbean marine envi-ronment (including through the discharge ofuntreated wastewater) is a serious concern forthose countries whose livelihoods depend heav-ily on their natural marine resources. A recent study on the Caribbean Sea Ecosys-tem Assessment (CARSEA) found that “sewagepollution from land sources and from ships hasbeen the most pervasive form of contaminationof the coastal environment.”It also found thatsewage was one of the main factors that hadcaused some 80% of living coral in the Carib-bean to be lost over the past twenty years. Damage by untreated wastewater to the ma-rine environment, including living coral, canbring about severe economic consequences forthe Caribbean. The CARSEA study found that “the Caribbe-an is the region in the world most dependent ontourism for jobs and income,” while “fishing is The Report says discharge of sewage from many tourism facilities resultsalso a significant source of both income and sub- in health, environmental and economic impacts.sistence.” Yet, both sectors are directly threat-ened by environmental degradation, partly dueto wastewater discharge. The potential economic harm to the regionfrom further damage to the marine environmentis enormous. There is, therefore, urgent need toincrease wastewater treatment in the Caribbean,which at present is far below needed levels. UNEP/GPA estimates that as much as 85%of wastewater entering the Caribbean is cur-rently untreated. Within Caribbean Small IslandDeveloping states (SIDS), less than 2% of urbansewage is treated before disposal; and even low-er in rural communities. On some islands (e.g., Antigua and Barbuda,Dominica, Haiti) there is no sewerage systemand sewage is disposed mainly through septictanks and pit latrines, many of which do notcomply with minimum technical specificationsor are not adequately maintained. Indeed, as a result of rapidly expanding popu-lations, poorly planned development and inad-equate or poorly designed and malfunctioningsewage treatment facilities in most Caribbeancountries, untreated sewage is often dischargedinto the environment with serious human andecosystem health implications. The discharge of sewage from many tourismfacilities also results in serious health, environ-mental and economic impacts. But while coun-tries increasingly recognize the importance ofimproving wastewater management, obstaclesstill exist, especially financial constraints: lackof adequate, including affordable financing forinvestments in wastewater management... At least six of the thirteen member utilities ofCAWASA have a legal mandate to provide pub- As a result, the Antigua Public Utilities Au- utilities likely to benefit directly from project-lic wastewater sewerage services. But, to date, thority (APUA), the Barbados Water Authority related activities.only Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Saint Lucia (BWA), the Saint Lucia Water & Sewerage Com- Thus there’s a great and urgent need for re-and St. Vincent & the Grenadines have endorsed pany (WASCO) and the Central Water & Sew- forming Caribbean Wastewater managementthe CReW project. erage Authority (CWSA) are the only member throughout the Caribbean.
January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 e-Source Page 9 Privatization breeds Corruption and Exploitation Water multinationals admit they cannot deliver to the poorT he Government of St. Lucia has taken two largest French multinationals, Suez and Vi- "service users cant pay for the level of invest- privatization of the island’s lone water vendi, which, between them, hold about 70% of ments required for social projects, and even the company off the table. Similarly, most Ca- the international privatized water business. US and Europe subsidize water services."ribbean governments have resisted invitations Both were warned of “anti-competitive be- He concluded that without subsidies and softor recommendations to completely privatize or havior” in France as far back as July 2002, when loans from governments (which say they dontgive majority interests to overseas investors to the French competition council ruled that they have the money so they have to privatize) thereraise needed capital, as there are numerous in- had been abusing their market dominance in is no scope for privatization of water by multi-ternational examples of privatization not being France, where they control 85% of the private nationalsthe panacea for all water problems. water. The PSI’s research found that “The economic International entities with the public interest The two companies have created joint subsid- function of a bribe is to provide a financial in-in mind have long been offering both examples iaries in 12 areas, sharing the profits of a water ducement for an official/politician/public au-and reasons why privatization mostly fails in concession instead of competing against each thority to act in the interests of the companydeveloping countries where the companies are other. rather than the public interest which he/she/itsimply delivered into foreign multinational cor- The council noted that scores of projects were is supposed to represent.”porations’ hands. being rendered “uncompetitive” by the groups’ The research concluded that: Public Services International (PSI), for exam- mutually colluding behaviour. • The multinational corporations interest inple, has always been concerned that World Sum-mits on Sustainable Development (WSSDs) have In January 2002, J. F. Talbot, CEO of SAUR In- water and sanitation services is defined pure-not come out strongly enough against water ternational (the fourth largest water company in ly by their shareholders interest, their returnprivatization, especially in developing countries. the world) told the World Bank that the private on capital and the risks involved. sector could not deliver for the poor. • Governments of developing countries need Ten-year-old findings by the PSIs ResearchUnit (based at the University of Greenwich in He said the private sector did not have the fi- to examine the true long-term costs of givingLondon) reveal that multinationals privatiz- nancial capacity: "The scale of the need far out- the corporations protection from currencying water in the developing world are usually reaches the financial and risk taking capacities risks, political risks and demand risks. There“dogged by corruption, close to financial col- of the private sector." needs to be a public process of comparinglapse and have long track records of exploiting He also said that developing countries were any private proposals with public alterna-the poor.” unrealistic in attempting to adopt European tives, as part of an open public debate. PSI has long indicated its list of concerns standards such as the demand for "connections • There remains a constant danger that extend-about privatization processes in developing for all", even though the multinationals that ing privatization will extend the opportuni-countries being hijacked by just a couple multi- privatize always cite their good track record in ties for corruption.national companies, with the support of institu- that respect in Europe. (The above article relies heavily on an origi-tions based in the developed world. Talbot rejected the possibility of cost recovery nal paper. The full PSI report can be viewed at The world water business is dominated by the from users, saying that in developing countries http://www.psiru.org/ Vincentians contributing more to cost of Water and Solid Waste Services C onsumers in St. Vincent and the Grenadines are paying more for water and solid waste services. The Central Waters and Sewage Authority (CWSA) announced in January that the increas- es would have been announced in February and made effective March 2012. The basic water charge for domestic consum- ers increased by EC$2.00 to $14.00 per month and commercial consumers are now paying $125.00 per month. The new basic domestic rate is $6.50 per 1,000 gallons, while the new sew- erage rates are $20.00 per month in Arnos Vale The water company, CWSA, says it needs more cash to invest in more water projects and $30.00 in Kingstown. to benefit more consumers across the multi-island state Garth Saunders, CWSA’s Chief Executive Of- ficer, had earlier said monthly bills would in- vide good quality service and we hope that this in- “We want the projects to improve water qual- crease based on usage. crease is not burdensome on you.” ity. We want the life of our landfills to be extend- “We are cognizant of the fact that everything The previous rate hike sanctioned by the govern- ed and we want our services at the landfills to be else is going up but all those things that are also ment took effect in 2007. improved. We want our equipment to be run- going up are affecting the CWSA and we hope Saunders said the company’s revenue declined ning all the time because once our equipment is that the consumer will see that,” he told a media between 2003 and 2007, and remained stagnant over down and we have to rent equipment, it’s a seri- conference held to announce the price hikes. the last three years. ous burden for us,” Saunders said. He added, “We are about serious business The CWSA boss said management intends to The authority has spent in the region of and we want to assure our customers that we closely monitor expenditure, while financing capi- EC$10.8 (US$3.9) million on capital projects so will be doing our best, as we always do, to pro- tal projects. far.
Page 10 e-Source January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 Science & Technology Facilitates Water Being Life How Hotels and Businesses can Save and Recycle Water St. Lucia’s Coconut Bay ProjectW ith people everywhere still paying insuf- ficient attention to the need to adapt to Climate Change, more creative ways andmeans are being used and stronger alliances are be-ing created to drive the message home – includingwater conservation through appropriate adoptionsof science and technology. People across the Caribbean are being encouragedto return to the system of earlier generations who al-ways collected rain and river water for non-drinkinguses. Back then, people also practiced the boilingof rainwater for drinking. Today, they are also be-ing encouraged to install water tanks to collect bothpotable (pipe-borne) and rain water, for everythingfrom washing clothes and cars to cleaning floors andwatering gardens. But regional and international Climate Change ad-aptation advocates are pushing the envelope further.They want hotels and businesses that use lots of wa-ter to start putting science and technology to workto help save potable water and to put rain water towork where possible to save potable water for drink-ing, bathing and other healthy purposes. In St.Saint Lucia, one local hotel has already joinedhands with a government department in an inter-nationally-funded, regionally coordinated project Pools fed through rainwater harvesting systemaimed at encouraging other hotels and businesses todo more to collect, save and recycle water – includingboth drinking potable and rain water. Coconut Bay Beach Resort and Spa, located onthe south-west coast of St.Saint Lucia, partnered lastOctober (2011) in 2008 with the Sustainable Develop-ment and Environment Division of the then Ministryof Physical Development and the Environment, toofficiallyand launch an initiativecommemorated thecompletion of a water conservation initiative in Oc-tober 2011 as part of a Global Environment Facility(GEF)/World Bank-funded Special Program on Ad-aptation to Climate Change (SPACC). The joint private/public sector initiative is waslocally driven by the government’s Division and re-gionally executed through the GuyanaBelize-basedCaribbean Community Climate Change Centre(CCCCC). The Division’s National Coordinator of the proj-ect, Ms. Dawn Pierre-Nathoniel, says that the projectentails “the development of a Rainwater Harvestingand Upgrade Wastewater Treatment and RecyclingFacility to promote water conservation and reducethe draw on the potable water supply, with benefitsredounding to the adjacent community.” According to the official, “The facility is expectedto enhance the awareness of hotel owners, managers, Sprinklers fed with recycled waterentrepreneurs and other relevant persons to the antici-pated impacts of Climate Change, especially changes inwater availability, and to demonstrate the applicationof cost-effective climate change adaptation responses,to encourage and promulgate adaptive replication byhotel owners, managers and other entrepreneurs.” World Water Facts The plan is for the Vieux Fort project to help comeup with a list of guidelines for installation of water Continued from Page 2conservation systems as part of the Development • Half of humanity lives in cities where urban population grows by two persons every second;Control Authority (DCA) requirements for new orexpanding hotels and other commercial establish- • Africa and Asia will see their urban populations double by 2020;ments on the island. • The UN estimates that more than 3 billion people may suffer from water shortages by 2025. The hotel uses rain water for its pool topping andlandscaping to sprinkle its lawns, allowing it to save • Only 8% of the world’s fresh water is suitable for domestic consumption, whilst water con-more potable water for drinking, cooking, bathing sumption is growing twice as fast as the population increases;and other personal uses. • Up to three-quarters of the earth’s surface is water, but less than 0.03% is drinkable; According to Mrs Pierre-Nathoniel, “This effortby Coconut Bay and other hotels that have or plan • Less than 3% of the world’s freshwater is available for human consumption;to have such systems in operation for landscapingpurposes, will help reduce the drain on the potable • 1.2 billion people in developing countries lack access to safe sources of water;water supply.”
January to March 2012 | Vol. 4 No. 1 e-Source Page 11 Global Water Operators Review Progress And Plan More 2012 Partnership Alliances The city of Amsterdam hosted the world’s water operators last NovemberR epresentatives of global water operators at- port for WOPs implementation within the region- This year, GWOPA made the most of its Alli- tended the 4th Steering Committee Meeting al processes, to investing in efforts that serve the ance of partners to co-organize events and include of the Global Water Operators’ Partnership ensemble of WOPs platforms and bolster WOPs WOPs issues in training workshops. In LatinAlliance (GWOPA) in Amsterdam, capital of the globally.” Part of this effort went to building the America, GWOPA contributed to the organizationNetherlands, on November 1st 2011 to coincide case for WOPs. of the workshop on “Strategies for the Extension ofwith the Amsterdam International Water Week. In October 2011, the Global WOPs database WATSAN Services in Slum Areas in LAC’’; and it The meeting was hosted by WaterNet and was launched to assemble records of WOPs from helped WOP-Africa host two workshops on non-WordWaterNet and a large majority of the Steer- around the world. The database will allow for bet- revenue water for African utilities. The first wasing Committee member-organizations were rep- ter understanding of current practices and inform on “Customer Management in Water Services inresented at the meeting, with strong attendance good partnership design. The online WOPs pro- Developing Countries" in Ouagadougou, Burkinaby regional platform representatives. files also give greater visibility to the practice of Faso and the second was on ‘’Industrial and op- WOPs and help implementers learn from others’ erational solutions for NRW reduction,’’ held in The meeting was opened by Mr. Bert Diphoo- experience. Dakar, Senegal.rn of UN-HABITAT, (Chair of the Global WaterOperators’ Partnerships Alliance Steering Com- Recognizing financing as a barrier to WOPs As a follow-up to training on Water Safety Plansmittee) and by Mr. Gerard Rundberg (Director implementation, GWOPA has also been working (WSP) held in Johannesburg in 2009, GWOPA fa-of WordWaterNet), who welcomed participants to garner more funds for the practice. Notably, it cilitated a visit of experts from RandWater to utili-with brief remarks and called for a short round of recently joined efforts of the UNDP-led “Interna- ties of Nairobi, Kenya and Harar, Ethiopia.introductions by participants. tional Platform for the Promotion of Decentral- GWOPA also promoted the integration of a Mr. Diphoorn gave a brief update on UN-Hab- ized Solidarity Mechanisms for Water and Sanita- training module on Water Safety Plans in theitat, explaining that the Agency has had a change tion” (or “The 1% Water and Sanitation Solidarity Master OpT program in Montpellier, France,in leadership and is undergoing a significant re- Levy”) that aims to universalize legal mechanisms, which targets utility managers from developingstructuring process. This process, combined with such as those currently active in France and the countries.reduced financial resources to the Agency’s water Netherlands, which enable utilities to apply 1% of The Secretariat’s budget was about US$1.2 mil-programmes, may have consequences for the op- their revenues towards decentralized cooperation lion for 2011, mainly from the Abu Dhabi Watererations of GWOPA. and international solidarity efforts. and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) and the Cat- Mr. Diphoorn noted that this year (2012) would In March, GWOPA organized its first Global alan Agency for Cooperation for Developmentbe critical for the GWOPA, as the program contin- WOPs Congress. The two-day long meeting, held (ACCD), via the UN-HABITAT Water and Sanita-ues to seek funding beyond December 31st, when in Cape Town, coincided with World Water Day tion Trust Fund. The meeting also heard updatesits current funding from the Abu Dhabi Water and celebrations on the theme of “Water for Cities” from Regional WOPs Platforms.Electricity Authority will cease. The meeting also and brought together over 150 WOPs practitio- WOP Pacific Report - The report on WOPs indiscussed the GWOPA Secretariat Annual Report ners and supporters from all over the world. It the Pacific was presented by Kisa Kupa, who indi-(September 2010-November 2011). was the first time such a mass gathering of WOPs cated that the WOP-Pacific is now well established GROPA Secretariat Report - Dr. Faraj El-Awar, enthusiasts had convened at the global level -- and under the Pacific Water and Waste AssociationGWOPA Programme Manager, reported on prog- it was a unique moment of exchange and learn- (PWWA), with an executive committee and fiveress of Secretariat activities since the last Steering ing. GWOPA also held its first General Assembly sub-committees on various technical and environ-Committee meeting. She said the GWOPA Secre- in Cape Town, during which half of the Steering mental issues.tariat’s focus “has shifted in 2011 from direct sup- Committee members were replaced. Continued on Page 12
Page 8 e-Source December 2008 to January 2009 Issue (Vol. 1 No. 5) Global Water Operators Review Progress and Plan More 2012 Partnership AlliancesContinued from Page 11 Since its launching in 2010, the platform has These utilities are members of both the Caribbe- Mexico/Paraguay and Chile, Jamaica/ Kentucky-conducted a regional benchmarking exercise and an Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA) USA, Dominican Republic/Colombia).has held a regional conference. Seed funds have and the Caribbean Water and Sewerage Asso- Workshops have been organized in 2011 onallowed for a few WOPs to be initiated, but the ciation (CAWASA), the two regional associations Corporate Governance, water safety plans, non-WOP-Pacific platform is actively seeking more that collaborate to implement Cari-WOP activities revenue water, natural disasters, condominialfunding to carry out more and to sustain the man- through a memorandum of understanding. sanitation systems and tariff structures.agement of the platform itself, as its coordinator is The two associations are involved in coordinat- WOP Africa report - The WOP-Africa Reportcurrently working on a voluntary basis. ing training and networking for utility employees, was presented by Mouhamed Fadel Ndaw, who This year (2012), the platform will seek more conducting technical research, benchmarking and indicated WOP-Africa was established in 2007systematic support from the Asian Development advocacy for sector reform. The Inter-American and it is a program of the African Water Associa-Bank (ADB) to continue facilitating WOPs iden- Development Bank (IDB) and UN-HABITAT are tion (AfWA). Its Steering Committee is comprisedtified through its first match-making workshop. both providing some support to the platform of representatives of public and private operators,The platform will also support operators of the through the WOP-LAC platform. water associations and development partnersregion to continue benchmarking and develop ca- In 2011, Cari-WOP supported a twinning ar- such as GWOPA/UN-HABITAT and the Waterpacity in Asset Management. A memorandum of rangement between the Belize Water Services Ltd and Sanitation Program of the World Bank in Af-understanding with GWOPA/UN-HABITAT is in and Contra Costa Water District of California, rica (WSP-Africa).preparation. USA (financially supported by GWOPA) and con- ducted training in Corporate Governance and Wa- WOP-Africa has secured funding for its three- WOP South East Europe Report - The report ter Safety Planning in parallel with CWWA Con- year business plan -- US $3.8 million from USon the WOP-SEE (South East Europe) was tabled ference (Guadeloupe – October 3-7, 2011). Agency for International Development (USAID)by Dragana Gajic, who indicated its Secretariat and African Development Bank’s (ADB) Africannow has a Programme Coordinator engaged with The greatest priorities for Cari-WOP in the cur- Water Facility -- and has recently recruited a newsupport from GWOPA. Several short-term WOPs rent period, said Mrs Joseph, are, “Conducting Program Coordinator. A Program Officer and anhave also been launched, initiated by Romanian training on water demand management, water accountant will also support the Coordinator inand Serbian operators for partnership in Croatia, services regulation, water use and energy efficien- cy, sewerage connection and treatment support- Johannesburg, where the Secretariat will be host-Moldova, Hungary and Bulgaria. ing the implementation of the twinning proposal ed by RandWater. GWOPA has supported the drafting of a three-year business plan for the WOP-SEE platform, between the Montserrat Utilities and the St Lucia In 2010 and 2011, in response to WOP- Africa’swhich, following review and adoption by the Water & Sewerage Company (WASCO), as well first call for proposals, three new WOPs were initi-WOP-SEE Steering Committee in November 2011, as at least two others WOPs conducting a bench- ated: the National Water and Sewerage Companywill be used to mobilize longer-term funding for marking exercise. of Uganda and Ogun State Nigeria; Senegalise desregional WOPs activities. WOP Latin America Report - The WOP-LAC Eaux of Senegal and Regidiso of the Democratic WOP Caribbean Report - The Cari-WOP (Ca- (Latin America) was delivered by Dr. Anne Bous- Republic of Congo, SWAZI Water of Swazilandribbean) update was presented by CAWASA’s quet on behalf of the WOP-LAC Secretariat. WOP- and KAFUBU, Zambia).Program Officer Suzanne Joseph, whose platform LAC was established in 2008 with a Secretariat WOP-Africa has also contributed to technicalgathers utilities from the countries of Anguilla, run jointly by the Inter-American Development workshops with other partners and to the secondAntigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bank (IADB), UN-HABITAT and IWA. Its Steer- region-wide benchmarking exercise led by WSP/the British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Domi- ing Committee is comprised of eight operators: World Bank with GWOPA support in 2010-11.nica, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Nevis, the Cari-WOP platform, IDB, UN-HABITAT/ With ADB and USAID funding now available, theSt Kitts, St Lucia, St Vincent & the Grenadines, GWOPA and IWA. platform will take on another twelve WOPs iden-Trinidad & Tobago, as well as Turks & Caicos WOPS have been supported in 2011, mainly tified through the call for proposals and currentlyIslands. with IDB funding. They include: Chile/Colombia, in preparation. CAWASA’s representative and water operators from around the world listened attentively to reports on happenings in every corner of the globe