Agriculture and State Development in the “Land Between the Rivers”
The Wealth of the Land₪   Natural resources      Tigris and Euphrates Rivers     Fertile soil and abundant sunshine    ...
Semi-Precious Stones Like . . .           Carnelian           Obsidian          Lapis Lazuli                              ...
Eridu … 1,700 Years of Temple BuildingDiagram of Eridu with Temple   Abzu Temple of Enki, god of water and wisdom         ...
Early-Dynastic Period₪   City-states worship 1 deity plus a common pantheon       Pantheon headed by Enlil, king of the g...
Gold and Lapis    Dagger                                                       Silver Lyre c. 2,400 BC                    ...
Gudea of Lagash               Hands               folded                 in               serene                pietyStatu...
Palace of Zimri-Lim₪   Multi-storied mud-brick and timber edifice₪   Inner courtyards enclosed by multiple rooms₪   Draina...
Palace of Zimri-Lim Excavation Site   Click for Map 
Remains of Palace Courtyard   Click for Map 
HattusaKarum Kanesh                                    Halaf                         Ugarit                           ...
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Mesopotamia abbreviated

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Mesopotamia abbreviated

  1. 1. Agriculture and State Development in the “Land Between the Rivers”
  2. 2. The Wealth of the Land₪ Natural resources  Tigris and Euphrates Rivers  Fertile soil and abundant sunshine  Wide variety of native plant and animal species  Nearby mountains rich in metals, timber, and semi-precious stones Click for Map
  3. 3. Semi-Precious Stones Like . . . Carnelian Obsidian Lapis Lazuli Click for Map
  4. 4. Eridu … 1,700 Years of Temple BuildingDiagram of Eridu with Temple Abzu Temple of Enki, god of water and wisdom Complex Evidence of fish offerings Click for Map
  5. 5. Early-Dynastic Period₪ City-states worship 1 deity plus a common pantheon  Pantheon headed by Enlil, king of the gods₪ Burial Practices differ  Commoners buried under floor in homes  Few grave goods  Elites buried in cemeteries  Lavish grave goods Click for Map
  6. 6. Gold and Lapis Dagger Silver Lyre c. 2,400 BC c. 2,500 BC Excavation Site Royal Cemetery of Ur“Scarlet Ware” Jar Shell “Goat” Plaque c. 2,900 BC c. 2,400 BC Gold and Carnelian Gold Helmet Necklace c. 2,400 c. 2,400 BC Click for Map
  7. 7. Gudea of Lagash Hands folded in serene pietyStatuary displays an unprecedented realism Click for Map
  8. 8. Palace of Zimri-Lim₪ Multi-storied mud-brick and timber edifice₪ Inner courtyards enclosed by multiple rooms₪ Drainage systems₪ Elaborate frescoes and tapestries₪ Fortified throne room₪ Multiplicity of administrative, religious, residential, and craft areas Click for Map
  9. 9. Palace of Zimri-Lim Excavation Site Click for Map 
  10. 10. Remains of Palace Courtyard Click for Map 
  11. 11. HattusaKarum Kanesh  Halaf  Ugarit  Mari   Isin Susa  Larsa  Nippur Ubay  Hover Mouse Over Button To Return
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