Jay M. Ipson holocaust survivor and founder of the Virginia Holocaust Museum. End of WWII Jews who survived concentration camps all had no place to return to, making them all refugees.
According to this treaty a refugee is: "A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.."
It was enacted in 12 April 1954 to protect European Refugees after World War II but in 1967 it was expanded to include non-European refugees. Denmark was the first country to ratify the treaty and since then 147 countries have signed.
REFUGEE: one that flees;
especially : a person who flees to a
foreign country or power to escape
danger or persecution
EXILE: 1) the state or a period of
forced absence from one's country or
home 2) the state or a period of
voluntary absence from one's country or
“A refugee is someone who
has been expelled from
somewhere but does not go
anywhere because they have
nowhere to go” (137).
It is estimated that there are currently 35 million
refugees in the world.
• More then the entire population of Canada.
• 8,750 times the undergraduate population of UMW.
• 0.5% of the World’s Population.
• About 1/196 people world wide are refugees.
World War II
• In 1939 the United States
refused to allow 908 Jewish
refugees who came on a boat
called the St. Louis seeking
• The boat was then forced to
turn back towards Europe.
Great Britain, France, the
Netherlands, and Belgium all
agreed to take some of the
• 254 of these passengers (about
28%) are known to have died
in the Holocaust.
The United Nations Convention
Relating to the Status of Refugees
• A treaty that gives an international definition
• It was ratified in 1967 to protect refugees
across the world.
• 147 counties have signed
• Mihai Lingurar and his wife, Rada-Soma
Rostach were living in a Roma encampment
that was raided in August. When the French
police gave them there expulsion order, no one
to into account their youngest son.
• Marc is five months old and is in intensive
care in Paris. He is only about eight pounds
and is in and out of a coma, making him
unable to leave the hospital.
• They are fighting their family’s expulsion on
Haroun and the Sea of Stories
- Rushdie was forced into
exile by the fatwā.
- Ayatollah Khomein called
faithful Islamic people to
execute the writer and
publishers of the book. A
one million dollar reward
was placed promised to
whoever killed him, so he
was forced into hiding.
• The Grammy
rapper who was
made popular by
the song “Paper
• Fled to London
to escape civil
war in Sri Lanka
when she was 9
• Fled Nazi Germany
accused of treason
by the Third Reich.
• He came to the
• The 14th Dali Lama
lives in exile because
Tibet was unable to
defend itself from
Chinese take over.
• Along with him are
refugees who are
living in road camps
in northern India.
• He was forced
to flee Jamaica
and come to the
after being shot
“The Lives Gained By Fleeing Jim
• NYT ‘Books of the Times’ Article about The
Warmth of Other Sons: The Epic Story of
America’s Great Migration
• “Ms. Wilkerson makes a case that people who left
the South only to create home-town based
communities in new places are more like
refugees than migrants: more closely tied to their
old friends and families, more apt to form tight
expatriate groups, more enduringly attached to
the areas they left behind.”
“In countries where people have to flee
their homes because of persecution and
violence, political solutions must be
found, peace and tolerance restored, so
that refugees can return home. In my
experience, going home is the deepest
wish of most refugees”.