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  • 1. APA Format: Another Way to Cite Sources The How’s and Why’s of Using APA Format A Writing Center Presentation
  • 2. APA=American Psychological Association The reason we use a standard form of citing sources is so that there is no confusion. It’s standard, therefore someone 3,000 miles away (who also uses APA) will understand what the citation means.  APA is commonly used for social science based disciplines.
  • 3. What does the American Psychological Association say? “When editors or teachers ask you to write in ‘APA style,’ they do not mean writing style. They are referring to the editorial style that many of the social and behavioral sciences have adopted to present written material in the field.”
  • 4. Q: Where Do I Start? A: With the Cover Page… Title centered and double- spaced Running Head: PEANUT BUTTER AND JELLY SANDWICH 1 How to Make a Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich: An Easy Lunch That (Almost) Anyone Can Create Susie Student Rowan Cabarrus Community College
  • 5. Q: Where Do I List My Sources? A: In the paper and on the References page… Heading centered on new page Entries listed alphabetically – author’s last name is first; initials used for first and middle names Year of publication Title of work – only first word is capitalized unless it is a proper noun City of publication Publisher
  • 6. Q: What About the Citations in the Paper? A: In-text Citations are Based on the References page… Harris, S. (2004). Getting over the fear of being afraid. New York: Penguin. The area of the brain that contains past memories is sometimes filled with “horrid distortions of past tragedy” (Harris, 2004).
  • 7. Sample Reference Page Entries
  • 8. Book Smith, J. (2005). Teaching the children of tomorrow. Springfield, IL: Education Press. Author's last name and first and middle initial Year of publication Title and subtitle (if any), italicized *Only the first word is capitalized unless there is a proper noun in the title City of publication (if the city is not well known or is a duplicate, list the state as well) Publisher Always be sure to indent every line after the first of each entry
  • 9. Where to find this information in a book… Book Title (also on the cover)  Copyright/Publication Date Publisher Information Author’s Name
  • 10. Magazine, Journal or Periodical Carter, H. & Smith, M. J. (2003). Exploring world culture: An understanding of Ethiopia. Culture de Monde, 12(2), 26-37. Author's last names and first (and middle) initials. *Use “&” instead of “and” Year of publication Article title (and subtitle) *Only first words and proper nouns are capitalized Magazine, journal or periodical title; italicized Volume number (italicized), and issue number if any Page numbers
  • 11. Where to find this information in a magazine… Title of article Magazine title; date of publication; volume and issue numbers; page number Author of the article
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  • 13. ch?v=BFo_KBQtv9o
  • 14. Additional Resources for APA format… Online Writing Lab at Purdue University APA Style.Org: Electronic Resources Vanguard University APA Style Essentials Son of Citation Machine
  • 15. If you need one-to-one assistance… GO TO THE WRITING CENTER! *And earn Extra Credit!