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Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
Nubia, Kush, Meroe
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Nubia, Kush, Meroe

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  • 1. Empires of Egypt & Nubia Collide
  • 2. What do you think?  Add to your notes: Egypt both invaded other lands and was invaded. What conditions, if any, might justify an invasion on another country? (3-4 sentences)
  • 3. Main Idea:  2 Empires along the Nile, Egypt and Nubia, forged commercial, cultural, and political connections  THEMES: Invaders, cultures collide, what a leader focuses on  Why it matters now?  Neighboring civilizations participate in cultural exchange as well as conflict
  • 4. Setting the Stage  Egypt grew (during Middle Kingdom) by trade with Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley  600 miles south a new civilization was emerging-region of Nubia
  • 5. New Kingdom of Egypt  After Middle Kingdom success, succession of weak pharaohs weaken Egypt  Invaders, Hyksos invaded and ruled Egypt  Loss in confidence of geographical protection  Finally a series of warlike pharaohs and queens strengthened Egypt and kicked the Hyksos out= NEW KINGDOM BEGUN
  • 6. Empire Builders  New weapons: bronze weapons, 2-wheeled chariots  Red & White Crown= symbols of royalty  Blue Crown= war crown, battle helmet
  • 7. Hatshepsut  Declared herself pharaoh  Took over because her stepson was too young to take the throne  She encouraged trade rather than war
  • 8. What do you think?  Add to your notes: Why would a ruler encourage trade rather than making war?
  • 9. Thutmose III  Hatshepsut’s stepson  More warlike, may have even killed his stepmom in eagerness to get the throne  Conquered areas of Nubia, returning with gold, cattle, ivory, and many enslaved captives Egypt has never been as strong as it was during the New Kingdom
  • 10. Hittites  When Egyptians conquered parts of Syria and Palestine they ran into conflict with the Hittites who had also expanded into that area  Many battles  Battle of Kadesh: major battle between Hittites and Egyptians (Ramses II), ended with a treaty that formed an alliance that lasted for the rest of the century
  • 11. Age of Builders  Huge builders in order to secure their state in the afterlife  Valley of Kings  Pharaoh means “great house”  Ramses II: one of the greatest builders, lived to age 99 and had 150 children  After Ramses death, a series of invasions
  • 12. Invasions by Land & Sea  Both the Egyptians and Hittites were attacked by “the people of the sea”  May have been the Philistines from the Bible  From the east came the Palestinians  From the west came the Libyans
  • 13. Kushites  Egypt dominated Nubia and the Nubian kingdom of Kush  As Egypt fell in power, Kush emerged and established its own Kushite dynasty
  • 14. People of Nubia  The Nile River provided the best north-south trade route  Kush linked Egypt and the Mediterranean world and southern Africa  Kerma= first Nubian kingdom  Kerma’s kings were buried in chambers larger than those in any Egyptian pyramid  Kerma prospered during Egypt’s Hyksos period
  • 15. Interaction of Egypt & Nubia  For a long period, Egypt ruled Kush  Kush capital became the center for the spread of Egyptian culture to Kush’s other African trading partners  Kush leaders adopted Egyptian languages, gods, customs, clothing, rituals, writing, architecture…  When Egypt decline, Kushites saw themselves as the guardians of
  • 16. Piankhi Captures Egyptian Throne  Piankhi= Kushite king, overthrew the Libyan dynasty that ruled Egypt and united the entire Nile Valley, set up new dynasty and “restored” Egypt’s glory  Assyrians came and conquered Kushites and they were forced south up the Nile  Despite their loss of Egypt they experienced a golden age
  • 17. Meroe  Kushite royal family moved south to Meroe  Meroe enjoyed rainfall, iron ore, and manufactured iron weapons and tools  Trade along the Red Sea to Arabia and India  Declined to the rise of the Aksum Kingdom, while Egypt was ruled by the Assyrians

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