Ch 35:1

Democracy: Latin American
Democracies
Democracy
 = government by the people

 Direct Democracy= all

citizens meet to pass laws
 Indirect Democracy
(republic...
Democracy Animation
What is Democracy???
Democracy As a Goal
 To make a democracy work…
 People have to participate in the

government
 People need to tools to ...
Case Study: Brazil
 1822- Brazil becomes a

MONARCHY
 1889- Brazil becomes a REPUBLIC
 GETULIO VARGAS= 1930’s,

dictato...
Kubitcheck’s Ambitious
Program:
 JUSCELINO KUBITCHECK= 1956-1961,

continued to develop economy, encouraged
foreign inves...
Brasilia: A Modern Capital
Military Dictators
 Military dictators ruled for 2o years

Positives

Negatives

•Foreign investment
•Development
project...
Road to Democracy (1/3)
 1980’s- RECESSION (slow down in the economy)

 Result  the generals decided to open up the pol...
Road to Democracy (2/3)
 1985- JOSE SARNEY- president
 Inherited a country full of problems (foreign debt and inflation)...
Road to Democracy (3/3)
 1994-1998- FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO
 Advocate of free markets
 Concerned with the widening ga...
2002 Presidential Election
 2002- JOSE SERRA vs LULA DA SILVA (Silva won)

 2006- DA SILVA won again
Changes of Brazil Under Lula
Case Study: Mexico
 One-Party Rule

 1917- after the Mexican Revolution, government passed the

Constitution (democracy ...
Beginnings of One-Party
Domination
 1920-1934- Mexico elected several generals

as presidents
 NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY PA...
The Party Becomes the PRI
 PRI= Institutional Revolutionary Party, started in 1946,
 Controlled the congress and won eve...
Economic & Political Crises
 1988- CARLOS SALINAS won the

presidency
 Salinas signed NAFTA (North

American Free Trade ...
The PRI Loses Control
 After a presidential candidate

was assassinated, many
Mexicans thought there was
no chance of dem...
New Policies & Programs
 2000-VICENTE FOX

 2006- FELIPE CALDERON
 Both wanted:
 Reformed the police
 Rooting out pol...
Modern Mexico
Case Study: Argentina (1/2)
 Peron Rules Argentina:
 Major Exports: Grain &

Beef
 Industrial Nation with a
large worki...
Peron Rules Argentina (2/2)
 EVA PERON- aka EVITA,

supported husband, gave advice
 PERONS- offered social
programs with...
Evita Trailer
Evita Peron (1919-1952)
Evita: Behind the Scenes
Evita: Funeral
Evita: A National Icon
Repression in Argentina
 For many years, the military controlled Argentine politics

 1973- Peron returned and ruled for...
Democracy & the Economy
 1982- Argentine government







went to war with Britain over the
nearby Falkland Islands ...
Democracy in latin america
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Democracy in latin america

  1. 1. Ch 35:1 Democracy: Latin American Democracies
  2. 2. Democracy  = government by the people  Direct Democracy= all citizens meet to pass laws  Indirect Democracy (republics) = citizens elect representatives to make laws for them
  3. 3. Democracy Animation
  4. 4. What is Democracy???
  5. 5. Democracy As a Goal  To make a democracy work…  People have to participate in the government  People need to tools to make decisions (be able to read and write)  A stable economy  Belief in the rights of the individuals  Laws that prevent others from abusing power  National identity
  6. 6. Case Study: Brazil  1822- Brazil becomes a MONARCHY  1889- Brazil becomes a REPUBLIC  GETULIO VARGAS= 1930’s, dictator of Brazil, suppressed political opposition, promoted economic growth  Brazil became a MODERN COUNTRY
  7. 7. Kubitcheck’s Ambitious Program:  JUSCELINO KUBITCHECK= 1956-1961, continued to develop economy, encouraged foreign investment to pay for development projects (Brasilia)  2 Reforms:  1. BRASILIA= new capital to be built in the country’ interior  Result Foreign debt soared, inflation  2. LAND REFORM  give large estates of land to peasants  Result 1964, with the help of the wealthy Brazilians, the army seized power in a military coup
  8. 8. Brasilia: A Modern Capital
  9. 9. Military Dictators  Military dictators ruled for 2o years Positives Negatives •Foreign investment •Development projects in Amazon brought in large amounts of $$$ •Economy boomed •Cut back on social issues •STANDARD of LIVING( (level of material comfort) deceased •Imposed censorship •Jailed, tortured and sometimes killed government critics
  10. 10. Road to Democracy (1/3)  1980’s- RECESSION (slow down in the economy)  Result  the generals decided to open up the political system, allowed direct elections of local, state and national officials
  11. 11. Road to Democracy (2/3)  1985- JOSE SARNEY- president  Inherited a country full of problems (foreign debt and inflation)  Lost support when he couldn’t solve the nation’s problems
  12. 12. Road to Democracy (3/3)  1994-1998- FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO  Advocate of free markets  Concerned with the widening gap between rich and poor  Promoted economic reform
  13. 13. 2002 Presidential Election  2002- JOSE SERRA vs LULA DA SILVA (Silva won)  2006- DA SILVA won again
  14. 14. Changes of Brazil Under Lula
  15. 15. Case Study: Mexico  One-Party Rule  1917- after the Mexican Revolution, government passed the Constitution (democracy and promised reformed)
  16. 16. Beginnings of One-Party Domination  1920-1934- Mexico elected several generals as presidents  NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY PARTY= generals created a ruling party  1934-1940- President LAZARO CARDENAS  Tried to improve life for peasants and workers  Land reforms and labor rights  Nationalized the Mexican oil industry (kicked out foreign oil companies)
  17. 17. The Party Becomes the PRI  PRI= Institutional Revolutionary Party, started in 1946,  Controlled the congress and won every political election PROBLEMS Foreign debt Lacking land and jobs Suffered economic problem 1. Protestors gathered at an Aztec market  soldiers opened fire on protestors 2. 1980’s- oil discovered in Mexico 1981- oil prices around the world fell, cutting Mexico’s oil revenue in half
  18. 18. Economic & Political Crises  1988- CARLOS SALINAS won the presidency  Salinas signed NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)  What did NAFTA do?  Removed trade barriers between Mexico, the US and Canada
  19. 19. The PRI Loses Control  After a presidential candidate was assassinated, many Mexicans thought there was no chance of democracy  1994- ERNESTO ZEDILLO elected  2000- Mexican voters ended 71 years of PRI rule
  20. 20. New Policies & Programs  2000-VICENTE FOX  2006- FELIPE CALDERON  Both wanted:  Reformed the police  Rooting out political corruption  Free market  Wanted the US to legalize the status of millions of illegal Mexican immigrant workers
  21. 21. Modern Mexico
  22. 22. Case Study: Argentina (1/2)  Peron Rules Argentina:  Major Exports: Grain & Beef  Industrial Nation with a large working class  1946- Argentine workers supported an army officer, JUAN PERONestablished a dictatorship
  23. 23. Peron Rules Argentina (2/2)  EVA PERON- aka EVITA, supported husband, gave advice  PERONS- offered social programs with popular appeal  After Eva died, Peron’s popularity declined  Peron’s enemies- the military and the Catholic Churchmoved in on him  Military ousted Peron and drove him into exile
  24. 24. Evita Trailer
  25. 25. Evita Peron (1919-1952)
  26. 26. Evita: Behind the Scenes
  27. 27. Evita: Funeral
  28. 28. Evita: A National Icon
  29. 29. Repression in Argentina  For many years, the military controlled Argentine politics  1973- Peron returned and ruled for 1 year before he died  1976- Generals seized power again  1980’s-torture and murder were everyday events
  30. 30. Democracy & the Economy  1982- Argentine government     went to war with Britain over the nearby Falkland Islands and suffered a defeat 1983- RAUL ALFONSINpresident in the country’s first free election in 37 years 1989- CARLOS MENEM 2002- Argentina had an employment rate of 24% 2006- Argentina repaid debt (to IMF- International Monetary Fund)
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