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Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
Ch 31 years of crisis
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Ch 31 years of crisis

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  • 1. 1919-1939 (Pre-WW2)
  • 2.  = political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism and militarism ◦ Similar to communism (dictator, denied individual rights…etc) ◦ Different from communism (Fascism believed that social classes had place and function, where communism did not believe in social classes)
  • 3. Why was a dictator able to rise? ◦ Bitter feelings after the 1919 Paris Peace Conference ◦ Were not able to obtain large territorial gains ◦ Rising inflation & unemployment
  • 4.  Newspaper editor & politician  Told he would rescue Italy  Founded the Fascist Party in 1919  Criticized the Italian government  Groups of fascists= black shirts  Won support of the middle class, aristocracy and industrial leaders  Marched on Rome and demanded rule- was given it “legally”
  • 5.  Il Duce= “the leader”  Abolished democracy &outlawed political parties  Government censors on radio stations and publications  Sought to control the economy  Never able to have complete control like Stalin or Hitler
  • 6.  Adolf Hitler ◦ Early life of disappointment ◦ WW1 soldier ◦ Joined the NAZI party (National Socialist German Workers’ Party) to overturn the Treaty of Versailles & get rid of communism ◦Nazism= German form of fascism ◦ Swastika= symbol (hooked cross) ◦ Brown Shirts/Storm Troopers= Nazi private army
  • 7. Der Fuhrer= “the leader”  Inspired by Mussolini’s march on Rome  When Hitler attempted to march on Munich, he was arrested  Sentenced to 5 years in prison (served 9 months)
  • 8.  = “my struggle,” book written by Hitler in jail, setting for his beliefs and his goals for Germany  Germans“Arya ns” (the “master race”)  Non-Aryans (Jews, Slavs, gypsies)  inferior race
  • 9.  Hitler declared Germany overpopulated and that they needed more “living space”  He promised to get that space by conquering eastern Europe and Russia  When Hitler left prison, he revived the Nazi Party  Hitler’s message was ignored until Germany’s economy collapsed and civil unrest broke out
  • 10.  1932- Nazis were the largest political party in Germany  Many Germany leaders thought they could control Hitler, and told the President to make Hitler chancellor  Hitler later ran for office ◦ During election, a government building was destroyed and Hitler blamed the communists- helped him win support
  • 11.  Totalitarian state  Banned political parties  SS (Shutzstaffel, or “protection squad”)  Gestapo= the Nazi secret police ◦ Murdered or arrested Hitler’s opponents ◦ Shocked people into obedience
  • 12.  Hitler wanted control of every aspect of life  Press, radio, literature, p aintings and film were turned into propaganda  After Hitler’s involvement in the economy, unemploymen t dropped from 6 million to 1.5 million in one year (1936)  Hitler Youth (for boys) & League of German Girls
  • 13.  Anti-Semitism= hatred of Jews  Jews were less than 1% of the population  Jews were seen as the scapegoats for everything  Laws were passed denying Jews rights  Jew violence rose (Kristallnacht, Night of the Broken Glass)
  • 14.  Italy  Germany  Hungary  Yugoslavia  Albania  Bulgaria  Romania  *Czechoslovakia- only eastern European country to remain democratic
  • 15.  Put in ORDER Activity ◦Students will… Get in small groups of 2-3 Use the word bank and the textbook to decide which words/phrases go in what ORDER

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