Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism


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Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism

  1. 1. BUDDHISM
  2. 2. BUDDHISM Founder: Siddhartha Gautama  Son of a Indian warrior-king  Gautama renounced his rich life and became a monk in hopes of comprehending truth  Moment of truth: meditating under a tree where he had an experience where he understood how to be free from suffering and achieve salvation.  After this, he was know as Buddha  Buddha= “Enlightened One”  Buddha spent the rest of his life traveling around India and teaching others 
  3. 3. 4 Noble Truths
  4. 4. Desires To a Buddhist, desire= craving pleasure, material goods, and immorality  Desire can only bring suffering 
  5. 5. Why is the Buddha fat?  His stomach symbolizes the size of his soul. It is also a symbol of happiness, luck and generosity
  6. 6.  Karma does NOT refer to Karma preordained fate  Karma= good or bad actions a person makes in their lifetime.  When you do good, good things will come in return. If you perform bad actions, bad karma is in store for you  Neutral karma= acts like breathing, eating or sleeping
  7. 7. Reincarnation  6 Realms:  1. realm of men (free from       conflict of jealously among the gods) 2. realm of demigods 3. realm of gods 4. realm of animals 5. realm of ghosts 6. realm of hell (untold suffering) Those with positive karma, are reborn into fortunate realms
  8. 8. Reincarnation
  9. 9. Basics of Buddhism     Separated from Hinduism No personal God or divine being. They are not atheist though, because Buddhist believe in an impersonal force No form of redemption, forgiveness, no heavenly hope or a final judgment Moral philosophy= do good now, and you will be blessed with a higher state
  10. 10. Basics      376 million Buddhists in the world (+/- 313, 114, 000 in Asia) Dominant religion in: China, Japan, Korea, as well as southeast Asia Over 200 different sects of Buddhism Over 1,000 Buddhist temples, monasteries and centers in the US
  11. 11. Sangha     Sangha= order of the brotherhood (community) who are monks Must wear a yellow robe, shave their head and practice meditation Goal of Sangha= strive to have the qualities of Buddha Over 225 regulations which forbid them to do many things
  12. 12. Buddhist Scripture Variety of Buddhist text  Buddhist cannon of scripture= Sanskirt  ○ 3 parts:  1. Vinaya Pitaka= disciplinary rules for Sanghas  2. Sutra Pitaka= discourses by the Buddha  3. Adhidharma Pitaka= notes on Buddha’s teachings
  13. 13. HINDUISM
  14. 14. Julia Roberts on Hinduism
  15. 15. Hinduism    One of oldest religions in world, probably the first Founder: No specific founder Originated with Aryans tribes who moved to India and adapted with native Harrappan people
  16. 16. Basics of Hinduism
  17. 17. Facts  900 million members  Many sects, some are: polytheistic (many gods)  monotheistic (one god)  pantheistic (god & universe are one)  agnostic (unsure if god exists)  atheistic (no god) 
  18. 18. Basic Beliefs     Reincarnation Caste System Brahman (central god or principle or universal spirit) Reach Moksha (peaceful escape from cycle of reincarnation)
  19. 19. 11 Year Old Reincarnated
  20. 20. Caste System  =ranked society according to occupation  Brahmins (priests)  Kshatriyas (soldiers, king-warrior class)  Vaishyas (merchants, farmers, Sutras laborers, craftspeople)  Harijahns (“untouchable,” poor)  The caste system was outlawed in 1948, but it still important to the Hindu people
  21. 21. Scriptures  Vedas=religious writings, include, hy mns, sacrificial writings, teachings, book of laws, myths, stories, legends and epics
  22. 22. What is yoga?
  23. 23. JAINISM
  24. 24. JAINISM Founder: Mahaiva, born in 599 B.C., believed that everything in the universe has a soul and should not be harmed  One of the oldest religions in the world  No a break off of any other religion  Jains are in 34/35 of the territories of India, making over 5 million members in India alone 
  25. 25. Jainism Jain monks take nonviolence seriously, sweeping ants off the path and wearing masks to avoid breathing in insects  Jains seek jobs that do not harm any creature (trade and commerce)  Make few efforts to convert, and do not send out missionaries, so most of the members live in India 
  26. 26. Jain Temple Animation
  27. 27. Basics of Jainism Religious Tolerance  Ethical Purity  Harmony between self and environment  Spiritual Contentment  Karma  Rebirth  Importance of the Soul 
  28. 28. Reincarnation When a body dies, the soul goes directly to its next body (could be human or animal)  What you become in your next life is dependant on your karma  How you feel (content or upset) at your death is important 
  29. 29. G o d Jains do not believe in a God or gods but they believe in divine beings who are worthy of devotion
  30. 30. Scripture Jain’s scriptures= Agamas  Jain monks and nuns have to memorize scriptures because monks were not allowed to posses religious books as part of their vows 
  31. 31. The Soul The “soul” is called jiva  =means a conscious, living being  The body is just a “container” for our souls  When you die, your jiva, is reborn into another life until it achieves liberation 