Romantic period

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Romantic period

  1. 1. Romantic Period In British Literature
  2. 2. Romantic Period1798-1870
  3. 3. Historical Context• The Napoleonic Wars followed by economic recession• Union with Ireland• INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, CHARTISM, REFORM BILL• Development of democracy, sudden urbanization, development of capitalism• Reign of Queen Victoria
  4. 4. Description of The Age of the Romantic Movement (1798-1832)• The first half place emphasis on the individual, nature, “an organic concept of art”• Skepticism and cynicism  “abusive parody and satire• Optimism mixed with revolutionary spirit
  5. 5. Description of the Early Victorian Age (1832-1870)• Deeper feel for Industrial Revolution• Bigger impact of science on religion and philosophy• Romantic feeling came into conflict with world around it  “a literature of doubt and questioning”
  6. 6. Overall Description• “Great age for the novel”• “Serious critical and social debate in prose”• “Weakest period of English stage since Elizabeth I” with “blind idolatry of Shakespeare” and “bound by PATENT THEATERS” and the STAR SYSTEM
  7. 7. Major Authors and Works: The Poets• William Wordsworth- “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”• Samuel Coleridge- “Kubla Khan”• Percy Shelley- married to Mary Shelley• John Keats- “When I Have Fears I may Cease to Be”• Lord Byron- Mary Shelley thought of Frankenstein while at his house• Alfred, Lord Tennyson- “The Charge of the Light Brigade”• Matthew Arnold- “Calm Soul of All Things”• Pre-Raphaelites• Robert Browning- Sordello
  8. 8. Major Authors and Works: The Novelists• William Godwin- Mary Shelley’s father• Walter Scott- Ivanhoe• Jane Austen- Pride and Prejudice• Charlotte Brontë- Jane Eyre• Emily Brontë- Wuthering Heights• William Makepeace Thackeray- Vanity Fair• Charles Dickens- A Tale of Two Cities• Anthony Trollope- Orley Farm• Eliot- The Mill on the Floss
  9. 9. Major Authors and Works: The Prose Writers• Thomas Carlyle- Worship of Yea and No• John Ruskin- Modern Painters• Thomas Macaulay- The History of England from the Accession of James the Second• Walter Pater- Studies in Art and Poetry• Newman- Apologia Pro Sutra
  10. 10. TermsROMANTICISMVICTORIAN AGEINDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONCHARTISMREFORM BILLUTALITARIANISMPATENT THEATERSSTAR SYSTEM

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