Period of Conformity and Criticism In American Literature
Period of Conformity and Criticism <ul><li>AKA: Period of Modernism and Consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>1930-1960 </li></ul>
Historical Context <ul><li>The Great Depression- the New Deal, the return of expatriates (“the Red Decade” because of radi...
Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Prose <ul><li>William Faulkner-  As I Lay Dying </li></ul><ul><li>John Dos Passos-  U....
Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Poetry <ul><li>Edwin Arlington Robinson-  King Jasper   </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Frost...
Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Drama <ul><li>Maxwell Anderson-  Both Your Houses </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene O’Neill-  T...
Major Authors and Works: The Postwar Era <ul><li>Arthur Miller-  The Crucible </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Williams-  A Str...
Description of Period <ul><li>1930s characterized by the return of the Lost Generation from Paris, who joined radical move...
Description of Period <ul><li>Postwar- critical, “high level of technical skill, but no vitality” </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-na...
Major Groups, Schools, and Movements <ul><li>AGRARIANISM: a movement towards promoting and living in an agricultural socie...
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Period of conformity and criticism

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Transcript of "Period of conformity and criticism"

  1. 1. Period of Conformity and Criticism In American Literature
  2. 2. Period of Conformity and Criticism <ul><li>AKA: Period of Modernism and Consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>1930-1960 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Context <ul><li>The Great Depression- the New Deal, the return of expatriates (“the Red Decade” because of radicalism) </li></ul><ul><li>World War II- conformity, conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>The beginning of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>“Chaos of hot war and constraint of a cold one” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Prose <ul><li>William Faulkner- As I Lay Dying </li></ul><ul><li>John Dos Passos- U.S.A. Trilogy </li></ul><ul><li>James T. Farrell- Young Lonigan </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Wolfe- Look Homeward, Angel </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Miller- Tropic of Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>John Steinbeck- The Grapes of Wrath </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude Stein (also influenced other genres)- The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Poetry <ul><li>Edwin Arlington Robinson- King Jasper </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Frost- “The Road Not Taken” </li></ul><ul><li>T.S. Eliot- The Wasteland </li></ul><ul><li>Edna St. Vincent Millay- “An Ancient Gesture” </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Sandburg- “Chicago” </li></ul><ul><li>e.e. cummings- “little i” </li></ul><ul><li>Robinson Jeffers- Tamar </li></ul><ul><li>William Carlos Williams- “The Red Wheelbarrow” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Major Authors and Works: the 1930s- Drama <ul><li>Maxwell Anderson- Both Your Houses </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene O’Neill- The Hairy Ape </li></ul><ul><li>Clifford Odets- Waiting for Lefty </li></ul><ul><li>Thornton Wilder- Our Town </li></ul>
  7. 7. Major Authors and Works: The Postwar Era <ul><li>Arthur Miller- The Crucible </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Williams- A Streetcar Named Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Wilder, O’Neill, Hemmingway, Faulkner again </li></ul><ul><li>J. D. Salinger- The Catcher in the Rye </li></ul><ul><li>Ralph Ellison- The Invisible Man </li></ul><ul><li>James Jones- Some Came Running </li></ul><ul><li>Norman Mailer- Barbary Shore </li></ul>
  8. 8. Description of Period <ul><li>1930s characterized by the return of the Lost Generation from Paris, who joined radical movements </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers of The Fugitive reacted against radicalism and began AGRARIANISM and NEW CRITICISM </li></ul><ul><li>WWII ended radicalism- led to conformity and conservatism as well as traditionalism, reverence for artistic form and restraint </li></ul>
  9. 9. Description of Period <ul><li>Postwar- critical, “high level of technical skill, but no vitality” </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-naturalists- “strong, frank, and unkempt” fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Most major works produced by already established authors </li></ul><ul><li>“The chaos of a hot war and the constraint of a cold one conspired to produce a literature of either chaos or confusion.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Major Groups, Schools, and Movements <ul><li>AGRARIANISM: a movement towards promoting and living in an agricultural society; southern American writers who published The Fugitive and attacked the old Southern aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>NEW CRITICISM: devoted to studying a “work of art as an object as itself”; do not believe in images, symbol or meaning </li></ul>
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