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Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
Colonial period
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Colonial period

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Transcript

  • 1. Colonial Period In American Literature
  • 2. Colonial Period
    • 1607-1765
  • 3. Historical Context
    • Started with the founding of Jamestown
    • Half-way Covenant- 1662
    • Salem Witch Trials- 1692
    • First printing press in Charleston- 1730
    • Great Awakening- 1740-1741
    • Ended with the Stamp Act, when colonists were forced to see themselves as separate from England
  • 4. Major Authors and Works
    • Edward Taylor- religious poetry
    • Jonathan Edwards- religious and philosophical treatises ( Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God)
    • Benjamin Franklin- Poor Richard’s Almanac
    • Anne Bradstreet- The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung Up in America
    • Bay Psalm Book (first book printed in America)
  • 5. Description of Period
    • Writing was “generally utilitarian, polemical or religious”
    • Religious poetry, sermons, etc.
    • Influenced by Puritanism, Enlightenment, the Great Awakening
    • Belles-lettres (imaginative works) didn’t flourish
    • Had other things to deal with: wilderness, Indians, disease; later: wealth, government, progress, political, rights
    • Benjamin Franklin created first American Fictional character (Richard Saunders)
    • Lots of high-quality literature but “very little that did not self-consciously take English authors as models and even less that could merit the term belletristic .”
  • 6. Major Groups, Schools, and Movements
    • A lack of creative writing stymied the development of groups, schools, and movements
    • Great Awakening ministers wrote sermons
    • William Byrd wrote cavalier descriptions about life in Virginia and North Carolina
    • “Newspapers and almanacs flourished”
  • 7. Literary Themes and Terms
    • Literature tended to follow religious and philosophical themes
    • Enlightenment
    • Puritans
    • Almanacs
    • Cavalier- light-hearted, graceful, melodious, influenced by Classical Latin, occasionally licentious, cynical, epigrammatic, witty
    • Very few belles-lettres- imaginative works
  • 8. Overview
    • Colonial Period
    • 1607-1765
    • Taylor, Edwards, Franklin, Bradstreet
    • Sinners , Poor Richard , Tenth Muse , Bay Psalter
    • Newspapers, Almanacs, Enlightenment, Great Awakening
    • Religion, Philosophy
    • PURITANS, ENLIGHTENMENT, ALMANACS, BELLES-LETTRES

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