Chaucer & Canterbury Tales Intro Lesson

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A fully transitioned slide show set to music with color art and embedded audio of a reading of part of the Prologue. Covers Chaucer's life and outlines The Canterbury Tales. Ends with references including links.

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Chaucer & Canterbury Tales Intro Lesson

  1. 1. Geoffrey Chaucer and The Canterbury Tales Overview of a Life and Work
  2. 2. Chaucer the man <ul><li>Born 1345-46 ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positions held: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Esquire of the royal court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comptroller of customs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>port of London </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldier, Hundred Years’ War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diplomat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justice of the peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member of Parliament...Etc.! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Celebrated Author <ul><li>Among works written: </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Fame, late 1370s. </li></ul><ul><li>The Parliament of Fowls, 1380. </li></ul><ul><li>Boece, Troilus, and Croseyede , 1382-86. </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Good Women , 1385-87. </li></ul><ul><li>The Canterbury Tales. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a 13-year project: </li></ul><ul><li>  begun 1387-92 </li></ul><ul><li>  bulk written 1392-95  latest tales 1396-1400 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chaucer’s Life and Family <ul><li>Chaucer’s father was a vintner. </li></ul><ul><li>Chaucer belonged to the upper </li></ul><ul><li>middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a wife and children. </li></ul><ul><li>Well respected among peers and held in high esteem by king; received annual wine supplies, which later increased in size </li></ul><ul><li>Little is known of his life beyond official duties and achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>He died in 1400 (October 25?). </li></ul>
  5. 5. About The Canterbury Tales <ul><li>A series of stories told by individuals representing a cross-section of medieval English society who undergo a Christian pilgrimage from London to Canterbury. </li></ul><ul><li>Told as a game to make the journey less tiresome and grueling, and to see who tells the best tale. </li></ul><ul><li>Many different storytellers—some rough, vain, or materialistic; others wise, pious, or noble. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, many different tales... </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Characters <ul><li>The Knight </li></ul><ul><li>The Miller </li></ul><ul><li>The Reeve </li></ul><ul><li>The Cook </li></ul><ul><li>The Man of Law </li></ul><ul><li>The Wife of Bath </li></ul><ul><li>The Friar </li></ul><ul><li>The Summoner </li></ul><ul><li>The Clerk </li></ul><ul><li>The Merchant </li></ul><ul><li>The Squire </li></ul><ul><li>The Franklin </li></ul>
  7. 7. More Characters <ul><li>The Physician </li></ul><ul><li>The Pardoner </li></ul><ul><li>The Shipman </li></ul><ul><li>The Prioress </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Topas </li></ul><ul><li>Melibee </li></ul><ul><li>The Monk </li></ul><ul><li>The Nun’s Priest </li></ul><ul><li>The Canon’s Yeoman </li></ul><ul><li>The Manciple </li></ul><ul><li>The Parson </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structure and Themes <ul><li>A prologue precedes each character’s tale </li></ul><ul><li>The prologue introduces the character personally </li></ul><ul><li>The tale reveals more through the character’s chosen subject and treatment of that subject </li></ul><ul><li>Major themes include morality and genuine vs. false pilgrimage </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Text in Verse: Prologue <ul><li>“ Here bygynneth the Book of the Tales of Caunterbury . </li></ul><ul><li>Whan that Aprill with his shoures soote </li></ul><ul><li>The droghte of March hath perced to the roote,. . . </li></ul><ul><li>Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired hath in every holt and heeth </li></ul><ul><li>The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne. . . Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages, </li></ul><ul><li>And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes, </li></ul><ul><li>To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes; </li></ul><ul><li>And specially from every shires ende </li></ul><ul><li>Of Engelond to Caunterbury they wende,…”          </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.courses. fas . harvard . edu /~ chaucer / teachslf / gp -par. htm </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pronouncing Vowels in Middle English Sounds like Modern Middle English “ oa k” o, oo “bote, boot” (close o) “ b ough t” o “lof, ok” (open o) “ b oo t” u, ou “hus, hous” “ f a ther” a, aa “mate, maat” “ b a g” e “begge, rede” (open e) “ m a te” e, ee “me, meet, mete” (close e) “ m ee t” y,i “myne, sight”
  11. 11.  ASSIGNMENT: Click on the hyperlink below. Explore the website. Then, in a paragraph, describe three things that most interest, puzzle, or enlighten you about the information you find: Life in the Middle Ages . DUE 10/5.
  12. 12. Web References <ul><li>A Geoffrey Chaucer bio on a food-themed site with medieval recipes: www. godecookery .com/ chaucer / ccookery . htm </li></ul><ul><li>About Chaucer and The Canterbury Tales , plus text excerpts: http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/ and http://www. unc . edu / depts / chaucer / </li></ul><ul><li>Audio clip of professor reciting Canterbury prologue: http://academics.vmi.edu/english/audio/GP_Hanks.html </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Middle English – multiple-lesson website: http://www.courses. fas . harvard . edu /~ chaucer / teachslf /less-0. htm #Index found through http://www.edsitement.neh.gov </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects of Life in the Middle Ages, including quizzes and riddles: www.learner.org/ interactives / middleages /index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Clip Art: http:// classroomclipart .com/ cgi -bin/kids/ imageFolio . cgi ?direct=History/Middle_Ages and http://www. godecookery .com/pilgrims/pilgrims. htm </li></ul>

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