** This is where School Climate & Service Learning most often come together… along with SFC partnerships
School climate & Service learning
School Climate & Service LearningExploring Avenues for Connecting School &Community while Promoting StudentAchievement ACES Conference 2011 – Nashville Kristi Lee, Seattle University Carrie Lynn Bailey, Georgia Southern University
As everyone is gettingsettled in, take a fewmoments to jot downyour thoughts on whatthe these terms meanfor you… Service Learning School Climate School-family- community partnerships
Today’s session… School Climate School-family-community partnerships Service Learning Tying it all together… Brainstorming/sharing ideas Links & References
School ClimateFactors that contribute to a healthy school climate:1. Relationships2. Role Models3. Consistency4. Depth5. Democracy6. Community **7. Engagement **8. LeadershipThe common thread to creating a positive school climate is the importance of relationships – student to student, teacher to student, teacher to family, school to community (Noonan, 2004).
School Climate The climate of a school is essential to a school’s success in educating its children and preparing them for life beyond its corridors (Noonan, 2004) Critical need exists to create safe and caring school climates, home-school partnerships and a pedagogy informed by social-emotional and ethical concerns (Cohen, 2008)
School-Family-Communitypartnerships (SFCs) Noonan (2004) highlighted community, engagement, and leadership as central components of school climate Emphasis placed on developing relationships between school, family & community to strengthen & deepen student involvement SFCs are one form of collaborative initiative shown effective at increasing the academic, emotional, and social success of students… As well as improving the overall school climate – ◦ (Bryan & Holcomb-McCoy, 2005; Cicero & Barton, 2003; Mitchell & Bryan, 2007; Taylor &
SFCs and Service Learning SFCs can take many forms… However, one approach gaining more empirical support is the implementation of Service Learning programs within the school environment Research indicates that student involvement in service learning programs contributes to closing the achievement gap, as well as providing students a meaningful way to positively connect with the school environment
Service Learning – anoverview So what, exactly, is “Service Learning?” ◦ According to the Institute for Global Education and Service Learning (2008) “[Service Learning] is made up of activities that connect serving the community with the learning already being done in a school, program or organization. Service learning provides a hands-on application of knowledge and skills to real life community needs.” ◦ An essential component includes providing structures opportunities that link the tasks students undertake to “self-reflection, self- discovery, and the acquisition of values, skills, and knowledge content.” (Perkins & Brunfield, 2009)
Service Learning & ASCA Stott & Jackson (2005) connect the goals of service learning with that of the ASCA national model ◦ Both can focus on academic, career, and personal/social development ◦ Service learning adds an additional goal of civic development and critical community connection ◦ [Bonus!] Service Learning interventions provide an opportunity to collect data regarding the impact of the program on student success, enabling counselors to demonstrate the efficacy of the intervention (Nelson, 2004)
Service Learning-SevenComponents Academic house Student voice Community partnerships Identifying a community felt need Guided reflection Meaningful evaluation (data collection!) Celebration and recognition
Service Learning-Comparisons Community Service Service Based Service Learning Internships Primarily Recipient of Recipient AND Intended Provider service provider Beneficiary Service AND LearningPrimary Focus Service Learning Intended Academic and Career and Civic and ethical Educational civic academic development Purpose development developmentIntegration with Peripheral, if at Co-curricular or Fully integrated curriculum all supplemental Based on a social cause Based on an Nature of Based on a AND an industry orservice activity social cause academic career
Successful models Sullivan County School District, Tennessee ◦ http://www.scribd.com/doc/40092468/School- Climate-Through-Student-s-Eyes ◦ Stage One – district level leadership team School Counselors, as advocates, can work collaboratively to get the ball rolling, network, coordinate, etc. Recruit student leaders Gather data
Successful models… ◦ Stage Two – Data analysis and review Present to leadership team Student leaders present information gathered to teachers, use of qualitative data, quotes and student narrative strengthens this approach Connection here to reflection component of service learning model Prioritize problems and set goals
Successful models… ◦ Stage Three – Develop Action Steps Teachers/counselors/students work together to establish workable & achievable steps to reach agreed upon goals Teachers and students work together to accomplish these steps with student leaders taking an active role… “As people become involved in analyzing their data, identifying their own needs, and offering their own solutions to these problems, the levels of defensiveness and resistance lessen, and engagement in the process grows. In hundreds of schools in which we have implemented this process, educators and students have come together, looked at data, identified common problems, and developed solutions that they were willing
Successful models… ◦ Outcomes (Sullivan County) Reduced harassment, implementation of new policies, anti-bias training, school instructional initiatives Continued reflection on the process by both students and teachers After 4 years, 2/3 of the schools in the district made significant, measurable improvements in school climates & in student achievement at those schools From a district level administrator…“We have tried everything we can think of academically to raise our test scores over the past five or six years. Yet, while we have made some improvement, we seem to be stuck. Until we address the school climate issues that we know are going on in our schools, I don’t think we will ever reach our full potential as a school system.” Student perspective – “Inviting young people to serve their schools and communities as partners in action research creates an exciting sense of student ownership and control.” (Preble & Taylor, 2009)
Role of the school counselor This will vary depending upon your unique situation… ◦ Design/Coordinate project? ◦ Collaborate with others in your school/district to implement programs and evaluate areas of need? ◦ Serve as a liaison between school-family-community? ◦ Gather coordinate data for accountability purposes? ◦ Work with teachers/administrators to integrate service learning interventions into the curriculum? ◦ Coordinate advisory panels to connect community and school, assess community needs? ◦ Integrate a service learning mindset into the school’s (and/or school counseling program’s) mission statement/philosophy? ◦ Advocate for the needs of the students and community, connect those needs with service learning interventions? What do you see being effective in your setting?
Pair up/gather in small groups to discuss the ideas & questions you have on how you might integrate service learning interventions in your home settings… What are some of the primary challenges to a healthy school climate?How can you build the school What types of service climate in your setting? learning program could target these issues?
Links & Resources National Service-Learning Clearinghouse ◦ http://www.servicelearning.org/ Center For Excellence in School Counseling and Leadership ◦ http://cescal.org/, and on Facebook & Twitter… Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) ◦ http://casel.org/, and on Facebook & Twitter… The Center for School Climate & Learning ◦ http://www.necscl.org/
Links & Resources National School Climate Center ◦ http://www.schoolclimate.org/index.php ◦ http://blog.schoolclimate.org/ ◦ Center for Social & Emotional Education (on Facebook & Twitter) Alliance for the Study of School Climate ◦ http://www.calstatela.edu/centers/schoolclimate/ Sweat Monkey – the future of youth service ◦ http://www.sweatmonkey.org/ The Top Ten Things School Counselors and School Administrators Should Know About Service-Learning ◦ http://cnx.org/content/m14298/latest/ Cascade Educational Consultants ◦ http://cascadeeducationalconsultants.com/blog.php?id=1328707340909534 78 Institute for Global Education & Service Learning ◦ www.igesl.org
Contact us for more information…Kristi A. Lee – Seattle Universityleekrist@seattleu.eduCarrie Lynn Bailey – Georgia Southern Universitycbailey@georgiasouthern.edu
ReferencesAmerican School Counselor Association. (2005). The ASCA national model: A framework for school counseling programs. Alexandria, VA: Author.Billig, S. (2004). Heads, hearts, hands: The research on K-12 service-learning. In National Youth Leadership Council, Growing to Greatness 2004: The Sate of Service-Learning Project. St. Paul, MN: NYLC.Bryan, J.A., & Holcomb-McCoy, C. (2007). An examination of school counselor involvement in school-family-community partnerships. Professional School Counseling, 10, 441-454.Cicero, G., & Barton, P. (2003). Parental involvement, outreach, and the emerging role of the professional school counselor. In B.T. Erford (Ed.), Transforming the school counseling profession (pp. 191-207). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.Cohen, J. (2008). Measuring and improving school climate: Evidence-based strategies to promote effective risk prevention, health promotion and learning in youth. Report on Emotional & Behavioral Disorders in Youth: Evidence-based assessments - Interventions for the real world). Vol. 8, No. 2, pages 37-50.Cohen, J. (2008) Promoting school and life success: Parents and teachers working, learning and teaching together. The Parents League Review 2008: Essential articles on parenting and education. pg 118-123.Hoyle, J., English, F., & Steffy, B. (1985). Skills for effective school leaders. Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators Press.Institute for Global Education & Service Learning. (2008). Service learning professional development manual. Levittown, PA: www.igesl.org.Martin, P. (2002). Transforming school counseling: A national perspective. Theory Into Practice, 41(3), 148-153.Mitchell, N.A., & Bryan, J.A. (2007). School-family-community partnerships: Strategies for working with Caribbean immigrant families. Professional School Counselor, 10, 399-409.
ReferencesNelson, J. (2004). Top ten things school counselors and school administrators should know about Service-Learning, Retrieved from http://cnx.org/contect/m14298/1.1/Noonan, J. (2004). School climate and the safe school: Seven contributing factors. Educational Horizons, 83(1), 61-65.Perkins, G., & Brumfield, K. (2009). Service learning in counselor education programs: Combating truancy, in G.R. Walz, J.C. Bleur, & R.K. Yep (Eds.), Compelling counseling interventions: VISTAS 2009 (pp. 185-195). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling AssociationPreble, B. & Taylor, L. (2009). School climate through students’ eyes. Educational Leadership, 66(4), 35-40.Scales, P., Blyth, D., Berkas, T., & Kielsmeier, J. (2000). The effects of service-learning on middle school students’ social responsibility and academic success. Journal of Early Adolescence, 20, 331-358.Scales, P., & Roehlkepartain, E. (2004). Service to others: A “gateway” asset for school success and healthy development. In National Youth Leadership Council, Growing to Greatness 2004: The State of Service-Learning Project. (pp. 26-32). St. Paul, MN: NYLC.Scales, P. C., & Roehlkepartain, E. C. (2005). Community service and service-learning in U.S. public schools, 2005: Findings from a national survey. In National Youth Leadership Council, Growing to Greatness 2005: The State of Service-Learning Project (pp. 10-22).St. Paul, MN: NYLC.Skinner, B., & Chapman, C. (1999). Service-learning and community service in K-12 public schools. Washington, D.C.: U.S Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.Stott, K., & Jackson, A. (2005). Using service learning to achieve middle school comprehensive guidance program goals. Professional School Counseling, 9(2), 156-159.Sweeney, J. (1988). Tips for Improving School Climate. Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators.Taylor, L., & Adelman, H. S. (2000). Connecting schools, families, and communities. Professional School Counseling, 3, 298–307.