-Planes started out made of predominantly wood, soon airplanes were made of all metal, much stronger and faster. -Charles Lindbergh first solo flight across the atlantic in 33.5 hours -Amelia Earhart was the first women to cross the atlantic and english channel.
Ss11 Block 1_1920s class_compilation_
LIFE IN THE ROARING 2OS. Fun and Recreation 11. Canadian Cities in Photos. Travel: The Holiday! 12. Literature of the 1920s. Women’s Role 13. Arrival of the Automobile!!. Fashion – yowza! 14. Electricity/Household Technology. Jazz changes everything 15. The Wondrous Telephone. Dance, dance, dance! 16. Miracles of Medicine
Night clubs and Speakeasies (underground places where alcohol and gambeling were available) The cinema became popular Crossword puzzles Dancing (Charleston) Jazz and dance HallsFun/ Recreation
Flappers (young women who were looking to have fun) Glamour (dressing up and wearing make-up) Radio CarsFun/ Recreation
Banned alcohol Grain used to produce alcohol and money used to buy alcohol could be used to feed families Resulted in the crime rate dropping, and workers taking paychecks home Eventually it became clear that it was impossible to enforce prohibition The government was loosing millions in taxes and salesProhibition
Dating did not need any conformation of commitment from either side There were no chaperones on dates Couples were now allowed to go out rather then the man coming to the womans houseCourtship
This allowed the couple to get to know each other better before settling into an exclusive relationship Relationships became more focused on finding the “ideal mate”Courtship
Soldiers returning home from World War Iexpected to find good jobs instead they werefaced with unemployment, rising prices andstrikes. Significant changes were also takingplace such as the new role of women,prohibition (the ban on liquor) andurbanization.
In 1920 the economy, that was in a badplace before, turn around and graduallymore people could afford luxuries suchas automobiles, radios and travels.People who did not have enoughmoney to travel before start to have.And travel in holidays become a greatentertainment .
People start to go to hotels like The Fairmont Banff Springs, thatexist since 1886. They had to get there by train because was nota common thing to have a car.
By earning the right to vote in 1920women made their biggest step in beingaccepted as equal members of society.This freedom changed women’s attitudetotally.They changed their fashion, starteddrinking alcohol, smoking and dancing anew type of dance called “Swing”.
•Towards theirindependence,women started to study,work and to earn their ownmoney.
The role of women as housewives changeddramatically.Especially after the war women came to the conclusion that there had to be more in life than just looking after the children and the house.This new type of women have no plans in their lifesand they can afford to wait that life happens tothem.
The averageage formarriage in1920,according tothe USCensus, was21.2 forwomen and24.6 for men.
Fashion before the 1920’s Before the 1920s- relaxed strict dress code 1914- skirts ending at the ankle 1915- skirts ending at shin length
1920’s Fashion Women now had the right to vote. Women had abandoned the more restricting fashion. Men had abandoned the highly formal daily attire.
“Flapper” The Flapper, not only a name of a dress, but also the name for the trendy young women of the day. Simple, adventurous, and much more aligned with the freedom that the men were so used to.
Originated from music from both European and African Began in the 1910’s in New Orleans Streamed into many sub genres( Traditional, Bebop, Dixieland and Big band) as well as influencing most popular music
Jazz musicians were know for there improvisational skills Went against most traditional music Commonly used in new dances such as the Charleston and the Shimmy
First emerged in Canada in 1917 with the help of radio Was widely accessible to all Became very popular with youth Shocked the older generation who preferred classical music Became a symbol of the roaring twenties ( which was also called the jazz age)
Had a huge impact of Canadian society with the help of radio Credited with helping to create the sprit of rebelling against the older generation Inspired many musicians and help introduce black culture into Canada
Dance in 1920’sYoung people introduced their own fashion styles and sothe "flapper" and "sheik" came into existence. Youngwomen with short bobbed hairstyles, close fitting hatsand short skirts were referred to as flappers, and youngmen with ukeleles, racoon coats and bell-bottom trouserswere called "sheiks".
Changes in the dance- Freed from the restrictions of tightcorsets and the large puffed sleevesand long skirts that characterizeddress during the late Victorian era, anew generation of dancers wasswaying, hugging, and grinding tothe new rhythms in dances.-woman start to participate of thedances at the entertainmenthouses. They also started to dancewithout a men.
Dance in the societyYoung people wanted to change the way of live.People who lives in the cities started to make thedifference in the dance and live style.Happier, faster and wilder way to live.Woman introduce a new way to wear (flappers),to dance and to live.
Ralation with the warAfter the war, woman were in adifferrent way ralation with thesociety and they started toparticipate in the same way asthe mens in dance and they alsostarted to wear like a man.Young people wanted to changethe lifestyle of the newgeneration.
•In the 20s there was a huge movement of landscapeartists in Canada. And the impact it had on Canada washuge.•There was also the surrealism movement happing inFrance. Danielle Cavelti
GROUP OF SEVEN The Group were not just landscape painters, and did not only work in oils (though it was a popular medium in the 20s) it was only after their first exhibition at the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1920 that they began to state themselves as a landscape school. lexander rancis Hansranklin awren Young JohnstonCarmichae Stewart Jackson (oils) Harris (oils) (oils)oils) ames Edward rthur Lismer rederick Hervey MacDonald Horsman oils) Varley (oils) oils)
• Two artists that were also a huge part of the group are Tom Thomson and Emily Carr even though Thomson passed away before its official formation.• The group stated in 1917 and rejoined after the war had ended.• Emily Carr was never actually an official member.• The group of seven came together because art in Canada was crumbling. After WW1 many movements started in Europe as well; like surrealism movement in France• This was the first major Canadian national art movement. The Group was succeeded by the ‘Canadian Group of Painters’ in the 1930s, which did include female members.
EMILY CARR Emily Carr was a hugeinspiration in the 20s , aswell as being a painter she was also a writer.
•Emily Carr has numerous school detected to her as wellas an art and design school.•The movement in Europe shaped a lot of great artists tocome, as well as questioned the boundaries of art in itstime.•The group of seven had finally brought light to art inCanada and it would remain that way.HOW HAS IT EFFECTED US TODAY?
Filmmaking Giants Major film making companies were founded in the early ’20s such as MGM, Warner Brothers, and Columbia pictures. America was the leading producer of films in the world. At the beginning of the decade, Dinosaurs make their first films were silent and colorless. appearance in cinema screens in In 1922, the first all-color the film The Lost World on 1925.feature, The Toll of the Sea, was released. 1926: Warner Bros. released Don In Canada the fare of a ticket was Juan, the first feature with sound twenty five cents in 1924. effects and music.
1927: Warner released The Jazz 1929: The Academy of Arts and Singer, the first sound feature to Sciences held the first ceremony include limited talking of the Oscars. sequences. Cartoon Shorts were popular in In 1928, The first sound cartoon, movie theaters during this time. Dinner Time. The late 1920s saw the emergence of Walt Disney. Mickey Mouse made his debut on November 18, 1928. For the first time they use a trailer with sound to announce the film Tenderloin.
Urbanization• Canadians becoming more socialistic• Many wanted to indulge in prosperity while it lasted• Land no longer offered at low prices• Soldiers returning home searched for opportunities and jobs• Praries were less Overhead view of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Est. 1920s. profitable
• Praries now less profitable – Rising freight rates – Tariffs – High machinery costs Grand Prarie, AB• New machinery available – Opened new jobs working to manufacture machines – Fewer hands required to manage farms
• Vancouver and Victoria – Major trading ports • Panama Canal – Prominent Above: Vancouver’s Allen Theatre entertainmen t cities – Many jobs available Pacific National Exhibit (PNE)
-No huge changes were made.-Traditional outside, modern underneath.-Marked the revival of Romantic Chateau- Style Hotels.-Lower Class Homes were still Californian Bungalows.-Not a lot of impact on Canadian society.
AutomobilesAssembly line invented in 1918 by Henry Ford.He revolutionized the business so that not just rich people could afford cars.Population in cars increased from 300,000 in 1918 to over 2 million in 1920.
Impact on CanadaBefore cars the only method of transportation was horse and train.Gave people a chance to live where they wanted and move around freely.Impacted the design of houses, buildings, and other infrastructure.
LeisureCreated the “Road Trip” and picnic which allowed more Canadians to enjoy life.Provided a new form of entertainment with automobile racing.
Problems associated with AutomobilesCreated noise and pollution across Canada.Created traffic jams, motor accidents, and pedestrians getting killed.Cars were targets for thieves
WHO HAD ACCESS TO IT? In the 1920s around 800’000 – 1,000,00 had access to electricity in Canada (around 10-15%) Only common in urban places like cities
WHO DIDN’T HAVE ACCESS? Many farmers didn’t have access for many years as it was too expense to build power lines to rural areas
WHAT DID IT CREATE? In the 1920s it caused many new inventions to arise such as porch lights, dish washers, ovens, sewing machines, refrigerators and vacuums.
SO WHAT? Because of the great advances in electricity in the 1920s it allowed for many great inventions that we still use to this very day.
Household Appliances-Made work less labour intensive-Many were invented after electricity was introduced-Many families could not afford them
Refrigerator and vacuum cleaner•Huge advances in human technology•Labour savers•Affordable for the majority of citizens
Washing machine- Washing machines washed and wrung many different clothing articles-Used to customized rolling pins to squeeze the water out of the clothing
Electric Iron-Erases creases in clothing such as pants, shirts, socks and under garments-The electric iron used steam and had to be constant refilled
Advertisement•Advertising cameof age during thisera to sell thegoods that bustlingfactories wereproducing.
-New inventions created a false social belief of women-Expected high standards of cleanliness
Quick Facts Invented by Alexander Graham First Dial Telephone Bell in Branford, Ontario, 1876. First telephones invented were very noisy and difficult to use. Dial telephones were introduced in 1924 in Toronto 3 years later a combined handset with mouthpiece and earphone on the same unit was invented
Different in the 1920s Time when the telephones really became popular. New versions of the telephone were beginning to be invented.
of the Authors of the 20’s period struggled to Books That Define the understand the Period changes occurring in The New Negro by Alain Locke - A society. hopeful look at the negro in America While some writers The Great Gatsby by F. Scott praised the changes Fitzgerald - The American dreamthat anyone can achieve anything others expressed disappointment in The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot - The the passing ultimate indictment of the modern worlds loss of personal, of the old ways. moral, and spiritual values.
of the20’s Mazo de la Roche - She wrote 23 novels, more than 50 short stories, 13 plays and many other works. Her most famous book, being Jalna, sold 9 million copies in 193 English- andAuthor’s of the time: 92 foreign-language editions. Stephen Leacock - a humorist She is considered one of Canada’s best writers of the 1920’s writer. Sunshine Sketches of a and was one of the most famous female writers of the age.Little Town, Arcadian Adventures With the Idle Rich is one of his more notable titles. Morley Callaghan - a Canadian novelist, short story writer,playwright, and radio personality.He wrote The Loved and the Lost.Leslie McFarlane, aka Franklin W. Dixson – wrote the original Hardy Boys, after he passed away his series was picked up by ghost writers.
of the The 1920’s were times20’s of literary creativity. All of a sudden literature took off at a grand scale. With town sizes increasing getting Books, such as Lady and reading books was easier than it has been Chatterley’s Lover and in the previous century. All Quiet on the Western Front, opened gateways New idea’s were easily spread! for new authors to experiment with their own styles and genres.
Medicine in the 1920s• In 1921, Insulin was first isolated and ready for human treatment by early 1922.• In 1928, Alexander Fleming came across a mold by accident that eventually became Penicillin – the world’s first antibiotic.• In 1922, two American scientists discovered Vitamin E.• In 1923, an immunization for Diphtheriawas invented. Within a year, a vaccineagainst TB would also exist.
Insulin• Diabetes had been a deadly condition priorto the discovery and use of Insulin.• Conducting a series of experiments withminimum equipment and ten dogs, Dr.Frederik Banting and Charles Best were ableto isolate Insulin produced by the pancreas.• A chronic condition became manageable –diabetes patients with only days to live couldsuddenly lead a nearly normal life.
Penicillin• Returning from vacation, Alexander Flemingcame across a mold that was growing on an oldPetri dish. The mold seemed to have eliminatedsome of the Staphylococcus aureus that had beengrowing in the dish.• This hope of an antibiotic would be taken up by Howard Florey and Ernest Chain, who eventually isolated the antibacterial element in a usable form.• Penicillin was the world’s first antibiotic, having the ability to treat diseases such as diphtheria, gangrene, pneumonia, syphilis and tuberculosis – as well as bacterial infections.
Impact on Society• As of 2008, approximately 2.4 million Canadianslive with diabetes.• Prior to the discovery of Insulin, diabetic childrenrarely lived for longer than a year after diagnosis,while adults lasted for a few years before death.• Although not a cure, the use of Insulin was a medical breakthrough that had a huge impact on Canadian society.• Similarly, before antibiotics, a small cut or graze could become infected and kill its owner. More serious conditions caused by bacteria such as tuberculosis and pneumonia were even more deadly.• Although it took over a decade for mass production to occur, Penicillin eventually became available to humanity as a source of great relief.• Considering its role in World War II and its overall effects in Canada, Penicillin was also a breakthrough that had a huge impact on Canadian society.
Royal Canadian Air Force.• The Canadian Air Force was established in 1920 as the successor to the short lived two squadron air force formed during WWI• At the beginning it was managed by the Air Board and focused on civilian operations such as forestry and surveying.• In 1923 the Air Board came apart of the Department of National Defence and one year later was granted the title Royal Canadian Air Force.
Royal Canadian Navy After WWI the Canadian Navy started building a fleet Although the Canadian Navy had its own ships, its first warship specifically designed for the RCN was commissioned in 1932. At the outbreak of WWII the RCN had 11 combat vessels, 145 officers and 1,674 men.
Canadian Army In 1920 the Canadian Militia was reorganized in 1920 the pre-war regiments were all renamed, several organizational corps were created mirroring corps in the British Army, and new ones like the Canadian Machine Gun Corps or CMGC
AVIATIONAfter World War 1 many pilots came backand used their skills to show off for people atfairs as well as charging small fee’s to takepeople for rides.Since WW1 quickened the growth ofairplanes, by the end of the war their weremuch more reliable aircraft. These could beused to transport cargo (mail), orpassengers. As their were advancement inaircraft daring men and women could go outto set new records for speed and distance.In 1927 the first “airport” was designated inDearborn Michigan. By 1929 there were afew hub ports, with comfortable waitingareas and terminals.
AVIATIONPlanes still had competition by themeans of zeppelins. Airships wereused at the same time as planesand also had a much greater loadcapacity. They became reliablemeans of flight that couldtransport many people andsupplies. The age of airshipsended in 1937 with theHindenburg disaster.
AVIATION Pilots in the 20’s were treatedlike superstars. People werecaptivated by these flyingmachines and huge crowds wouldturn out to greet pilots after theirflight. Huge street parades wouldeven be held in their honor, andwhole cities would come out tocelebrate. The majority of all pilots in the20’s came from the war and usedtheir training from the army to flycommercial planes.
So… Why do they call them the ‘roaring’ 20s?n what ways did society, culture, technology and the economy“roar”??? Make a list together and discuss.hinking of what you’ve seen here and your readings, who do youthink ‘missed’ the roar of the 20s? Look at your roar list to help youthink about the question… then discuss.hat do you think are the three most important changes of the 1920s?Brainstorm. Choose 3. Be prepared to defend your choices.
THIS ROARING PRESENTATIONreated by the brilliant students of: SS11 Class, Block 1, 2012, Oak Bay High.