Who or what would you die for?
EUROPE IN CRISIS: THE Wars of Religion
A Divided Europe! What do you notice about   these five religions?
7-1  French  Wars of religion <ul><li>1560- Calvinism & Catholicism  confrontational </li></ul><ul><li>trying to- win peop...
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Pg. 211
Henry of Navarre <ul><li>Leader of Hug. & part of Bourbon </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>1589- succeed throne...
Spain  Philip II & Militant Cath. <ul><li>King Philip II great support of militant Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>1556-1598 </li>...
<ul><li>SP Netherlands (Netherlands & Belgium) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richest $$ part of empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>1598- Philip’s reign ended </li></ul><ul><li>SP most populous empire </li></ul><ul><li>seemed to be a “superpower”...
SuperPower? <ul><li>A  superpower  is a state with a leading position in the international system and the ability to influ...
GAME TIME! <ul><li>Get into groups </li></ul><ul><li>One sheet a paper for group </li></ul><ul><li>One person to write for...
The England of Elizabeth <ul><li>Eliz Tudor took throne 1558 </li></ul><ul><li>During reign- Eng became leader of Prot nat...
The Queen’s Pirate <ul><li>Allowed Francis Drake (Privateer) - to plunder SP ships in Caribbean after gold & silver </li><...
Spanish Armada
Compare/Contrast Philip II B (2) Henry of Navarre A (4) Elizabeth Tudor C (2) D (1) E (1) <ul><li>Protestant  </li></ul><u...
Answers <ul><li>Henry of Navarre </li></ul><ul><li>1. conv. Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>2. moderate </li></ul><ul><li>3. Kept ...
U.S. NATIONAL   DEBT   CLOCK <ul><li>as of 09 Sep 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The estimated population of ...
7-2 Social Crisis, War & Revolution <ul><li>1560-1650 severe eco. & social crisis in EU </li></ul><ul><li>1 big prob. – in...
<ul><li>Italy- also declining </li></ul><ul><li>1500- 60 million </li></ul><ul><li>1600- 85 million </li></ul><ul><li>1620...
Witchcraft trails <ul><li>Witchcraft- magic </li></ul><ul><li>Rel. zeal- that led to Inq. extended to witchcraft </li></ul...
30 years war <ul><li>Peace of Augsburg?? </li></ul><ul><li>Pg. 175 </li></ul><ul><li>Calvinism not recog. by peace settlem...
30 Years War cont. <ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu- Louis XIII’s adviser </li></ul><ul><li>Had Cath. FR- join Prot. Sweden in f...
<ul><li>FR- emerged a dominate nation </li></ul><ul><li>Peace stated- all Ger. States (inc. Cal.) could choose religion </...
7-2B English civil war <ul><li>Struggle- between King & Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine what role each should p...
Stewart Dynasty Clashes with Parliament
<ul><li>Puritans- English influenced by Calvin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t like King defending Church of Eng. </li></ul><...
<ul><li>to Puritans- this was a return to Cath. practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000s head for the Americas  </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Parl.- victorious  </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Cromwell- military genius  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created New Model Arm...
Cromwell, Charles II & John Locke
The Restoration <ul><li>1658- Cromwell dies </li></ul><ul><li>Parl- restored monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles II cro...
<ul><li>1681- Charles dismisses Parl. </li></ul><ul><li>1685- Charles dies </li></ul><ul><li>James II- Catholic crowned ki...
Glorious Revolution <ul><li>William of Orange- James’ son-in-law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invited by Eng. Nobles to save the ...
Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights
7-2B Review <ul><li>What provoked England s first Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>2. John Locke believed all of the following...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Crisis&AbsolutisminEUsections1&2

924 views
775 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
924
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Family? Friends? Religious beliefs?
  • Crisis&AbsolutisminEUsections1&2

    1. 1. Who or what would you die for?
    2. 2. EUROPE IN CRISIS: THE Wars of Religion
    3. 3. A Divided Europe! What do you notice about these five religions?
    4. 4. 7-1 French Wars of religion <ul><li>1560- Calvinism & Catholicism confrontational </li></ul><ul><li>trying to- win people to their “team” </li></ul><ul><li>Also- economic, social, political probs. </li></ul><ul><li>French Wars of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>King- persecuted Prot. </li></ul><ul><li>Huguenots- French Prot. (Calvin) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 7% of pop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But almost 50% nobility, House of Bourbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cath. Out #ed Hug. & Valois monarch Cath. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other factors townspeople supported nobles in fight against King </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Pg. 211
    6. 6. Henry of Navarre <ul><li>Leader of Hug. & part of Bourbon </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>1589- succeed throne Henry IV </li></ul><ul><li>Realized- wouldn’t be accepted as a Prot so converted to Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>1594- crowned King </li></ul><ul><li>Issued- Edict of Nantes which recog. Cath. as official religion but gave Hug. the right to worship and be involved in politics </li></ul>
    7. 7. Spain Philip II & Militant Cath. <ul><li>King Philip II great support of militant Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>1556-1598 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of Political & Cultural greatness in SP. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st goal- unite SP., Netherlands, possessions in Italy & Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Insisted- on strict conformity to Cath. and King’s power </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed “Most Catholic King” </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>SP Netherlands (Netherlands & Belgium) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richest $$ part of empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles resented- lost of privileges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposed Philip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip tried to crush Cal. in Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1566 Cal. Nobles destroy statues in Cath. churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip sent 10,000 troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch led by William the Silent (Orange) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1609- Truce called </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>N. prov. Called United Provinces of the Netherlands </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>1598- Philip’s reign ended </li></ul><ul><li>SP most populous empire </li></ul><ul><li>seemed to be a “superpower” </li></ul><ul><li>Reality- not the power it appeared to be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasury- bankrupt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Army- outdated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt- inefficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>England & France real “superpowers” </li></ul>What is the definition of a “superpower” today? Is the U.S. a “super power” or do we just look like one?
    10. 10. SuperPower? <ul><li>A superpower is a state with a leading position in the international system and the ability to influence events and project power on a worldwide scale. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Cold War, the most common belief held is that only the U.S. fulfills the criteria to be considered a superpower </li></ul><ul><li>Matter of debate if the U.S. is losing its superpower status, or whether it is currently a superpower at all. </li></ul><ul><li>China, the European Union, and to some extent India and Russia are also thought to have the potential of achieving superpower status within the 21st century. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. GAME TIME! <ul><li>Get into groups </li></ul><ul><li>One sheet a paper for group </li></ul><ul><li>One person to write for group </li></ul>Queen Elizabeth’s Problems and tell them what they’ll win…….. Their HEAD!!
    12. 12. The England of Elizabeth <ul><li>Eliz Tudor took throne 1558 </li></ul><ul><li>During reign- Eng became leader of Prot nations & begin to transform into a world empire </li></ul><ul><li>Repealed -laws favoring Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>Act of Sup.- Eliz head of church & govt </li></ul><ul><li>Church of Eng.- moderate Prot. </li></ul><ul><li>Feared- war would be bad for Eng and own rule </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to keep FR & SP from becoming to powerful and supported the weaker one. </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Queen’s Pirate <ul><li>Allowed Francis Drake (Privateer) - to plunder SP ships in Caribbean after gold & silver </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II- thought about invading Eng. </li></ul><ul><li>Successful invasion- restore Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>1588- ordered an armada (fleet of warships) </li></ul><ul><li>Outdated ships no match for Eng. </li></ul><ul><li>Many ships sank on way home </li></ul>
    14. 14. Spanish Armada
    15. 15. Compare/Contrast Philip II B (2) Henry of Navarre A (4) Elizabeth Tudor C (2) D (1) E (1) <ul><li>Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Converted to Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Militant Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Cath. State Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Huguenots Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate </li></ul><ul><li>Kept Cath. as State Re. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate in Re. & Pol. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Answers <ul><li>Henry of Navarre </li></ul><ul><li>1. conv. Cath. </li></ul><ul><li>2. moderate </li></ul><ul><li>3. Kept Cath. State rel. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Gave Hug. rights </li></ul>Elizabeth Tudor 1. Protestant 2. Moderate in rel. & pol. Philip II 1. Catholic 2. Supported Mil. Cath. Henry & Philip 1. Catholicism state rel. Henry & Elizabeth 1. Moderate policies
    17. 17. U.S. NATIONAL DEBT CLOCK <ul><li>as of 09 Sep 2008: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The estimated population of the United States is 304,692,871 so each citizen's share of this debt is $31,755.97 . </li></ul>So why don’t we just print more money???
    18. 18. 7-2 Social Crisis, War & Revolution <ul><li>1560-1650 severe eco. & social crisis in EU </li></ul><ul><li>1 big prob. – inflation (rising prices) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. flood of gold & silver from Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. growing pop. $ land & food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1600- Eco. Slowdown </li></ul><ul><li>1640- SP eco. Failing dependent on silver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mines less silver (Pirates) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Italy- also declining </li></ul><ul><li>1500- 60 million </li></ul><ul><li>1600- 85 million </li></ul><ul><li>1620- pop. Leveled off </li></ul><ul><li>1650- declining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warfare, plague & famine </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Witchcraft trails <ul><li>Witchcraft- magic </li></ul><ul><li>Rel. zeal- that led to Inq. extended to witchcraft </li></ul><ul><li>More than- 100,000 charged </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted- common, poor </li></ul><ul><li>75%- women </li></ul><ul><li>Most- single, over 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Under- intense torture they’d confess </li></ul><ul><li>1650- W/C hysteria lessened </li></ul>
    21. 21. 30 years war <ul><li>Peace of Augsburg?? </li></ul><ul><li>Pg. 175 </li></ul><ul><li>Calvinism not recog. by peace settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Begin- 1618 In- HRE </li></ul><ul><li>btw- Cath. Hapsburg & Prot. Bohemia nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Soon- became a political conflict </li></ul>
    22. 22. 30 Years War cont. <ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu- Louis XIII’s adviser </li></ul><ul><li>Had Cath. FR- join Prot. Sweden in fight against Cath. Haps. </li></ul><ul><li>Most- destructive conflict </li></ul><ul><li>All major- battles fought in Germany (1/3 pop. ½ $) </li></ul><ul><li>1648- Peace of Westphalia ends war </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>FR- emerged a dominate nation </li></ul><ul><li>Peace stated- all Ger. States (inc. Cal.) could choose religion </li></ul><ul><li>Brought end- HRE </li></ul>German Pike Square pg. 218
    24. 24. 7-2B English civil war <ul><li>Struggle- between King & Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine what role each should play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1603- Queen Elizabeth dies </li></ul><ul><li>Tudor- dynasty ends </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart- dynasty begins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James I = King of Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed- in divine right of kings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parl. assumed- they would rule Eng. w/ King </li></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Stewart Dynasty Clashes with Parliament
    26. 26. <ul><li>Puritans- English influenced by Calvin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t like King defending Church of Eng. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wished Church of Eng. was more Prot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pur. gentry made up House of Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles I- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also believed in divine right of kings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1628 Parl. passed law concerning taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>initially Charles accepted law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>later he changes his mind/ understands he loses some of his power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tried to impose more ritual on Church of Eng. (move angered Prot. more) </li></ul></ul></ul>Charles I w/ son
    27. 27. <ul><li>to Puritans- this was a return to Cath. practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000s head for the Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1642- civil war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Btw- King (supporters) & Parl. (supporters) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cavaliers – Supported Kings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roundheads- Supported Parl. </li></ul></ul></ul>vs
    28. 28. <ul><li>Parl.- victorious </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Cromwell- military genius </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created New Model Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of Extreme Puritans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as Independents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cromwell purged- Parl. of non-supporters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jan. 30, 1649 executed Charles I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolished the Monarchy & House of Lords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared Eng. republic / Commonwealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up military dictatorship </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Cromwell, Charles II & John Locke
    30. 30. The Restoration <ul><li>1658- Cromwell dies </li></ul><ul><li>Parl- restored monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles II crowned king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sympathetic- to Cath. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brother- James </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was a Catholic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Parl intro.- Exclusion Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Would have barred James </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created pol parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Whigs (wanted to excluded James) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Torries (did not want to interfere) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    31. 31. <ul><li>1681- Charles dismisses Parl. </li></ul><ul><li>1685- Charles dies </li></ul><ul><li>James II- Catholic crowned king </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Named Cath. to high gov’t positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parl. objected to his actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1688 James has a son </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility of a Catholic monarchy </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Glorious Revolution <ul><li>William of Orange- James’ son-in-law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invited by Eng. Nobles to save the people from their King </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1688- “invaded” England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James let with his wife & son (no bloodshed) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jan 1689- King William & Queen Mary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted throne & Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set Parl. had right make laws & tax </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stated armies can only be raised w/ permission of Parl. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helped create “rule of law” in England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laid foundation Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Toleration Act of 1689 – free worship </li></ul>
    33. 33. Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights
    34. 34. 7-2B Review <ul><li>What provoked England s first Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>2. John Locke believed all of the following EXCEPT: </li></ul><ul><li>Government cannot be directly controlled by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Government is a contract between the ruler and the ruled. </li></ul><ul><li>People agree to limit their rights by establishing government. </li></ul><ul><li>All people are born with natural rights to life, liberty, and property. </li></ul>3. Under what provision did William and Mary take the English throne?

    ×