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Course of WWII 19-2A

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EU theater, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Vichy, Barbarossa, Leningrad

EU theater, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Vichy, Barbarossa, Leningrad

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  • 1. Course of WW II European Theater
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1, 1939 and took control in just 4 short weeks.
      • Blitzkrieg- lighting war
        • New style of warfare
        • Used planes & tanks
        • Would have taken Poland sooner but spent time trying to annihilate as many Poles & Jews
    Hitler invades West Poland Stalin into East Poland
  • 4.
    • GB & FR gave Hitler 2 days to withdraw from PO, he ignored them
      • Sept 3 rd “confetti war” anti-Nazi propaganda dropped over GER by Allies
      • *crew drops leaflets into a chute
    • Sept. 28 th GER & SOV divided up Poland
  • 5.
    • May 10 th GER attacked the Netherlands, Belgium & FR
    • The British & French had dug obsolete WWI-style trenches.
      • Very ineffective against blitzkrieg
      • GER went around Maginot Line
    • FR & BR trapped on beaches of Dunkirk
      • Operation Dynamo
        • Used every available ship & fishing boat to evacuate +300,000 troops
  • 6.
    • June 22 – FR sign armistice
      • GER occupied 3/5 of FR
    • Vichy France – FR authoritarian regime under GER control
      • Led by FR WWI hero – Marshall Henri Petain
    • BR still undefeated
      • Ask U.S. for help
    • FDR- denounces
    • attacks BUT follows
    • isolationist policy
      • Neutrality acts
      • Cash & carry - loophole
  • 7. Battle of Britain
    • Aug 1940- Luftwaffe launched
    • Major Offensive- bombed BR:
      • Air & Naval bases
      • Harbors
      • Communications Centers
      • War industries
    • BR fought back
    • - Used radar that provided early warning
      • - But RAF suffered big losses
  • 8. Battle of Britain cont.
    • Sept – Hitler ordered strategy shift & bombed cities
      • Hilter wanted to break BR morale (war of attrition)
      • BR took advantage of situation to rebuild air strength
    • End of Sept – Hitler postponed BR invasion indefinitely
    Children of WWII
  • 9. Operation Barbarossa Hitler’s Invasion of Soviet Russia
    • Why USSR?
    • Easier to take BR with USSR not able to help
    • Hitler believed USSR had pitiful army that would be easy to defeat
    • (Stalin had purged most of his military leaders)
  • 10. ` Stalin’s Great Purge
  • 11.
    • Mussolini failed to defeat Greece (1940)
      • So GER had to go help – seized Greece & Yugoslavia
    • Invasion of USSR
      • June 22, 1941 – Hitler invaded USSR
      • 1800 mile front
      • GER advanced quickly captured 2 million RU soldiers
  • 12. Operation Barbarossa cont.
    • By Nov.
      • – 1 st GER army group swept Ukraine
      • 2 nd army besieged Leningrad
      • 3 rd 25 miles outside of Moscow
      • Stopped because GER halted by early winter & fierce Soviet resistance
        • GER had no winter uniforms
        • 1 st time GER armies stopped
    • Dec 1941 – Soviets counter attacked & pushed GER back

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