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Course of  WWII 19-2A
 

Course of WWII 19-2A

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EU theater, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Vichy, Barbarossa, Leningrad

EU theater, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Vichy, Barbarossa, Leningrad

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    Course of  WWII 19-2A Course of WWII 19-2A Presentation Transcript

    • Course of WW II European Theater
    •  
      • Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1, 1939 and took control in just 4 short weeks.
        • Blitzkrieg- lighting war
          • New style of warfare
          • Used planes & tanks
          • Would have taken Poland sooner but spent time trying to annihilate as many Poles & Jews
      Hitler invades West Poland Stalin into East Poland
      • GB & FR gave Hitler 2 days to withdraw from PO, he ignored them
        • Sept 3 rd “confetti war” anti-Nazi propaganda dropped over GER by Allies
        • *crew drops leaflets into a chute
      • Sept. 28 th GER & SOV divided up Poland
      • May 10 th GER attacked the Netherlands, Belgium & FR
      • The British & French had dug obsolete WWI-style trenches.
        • Very ineffective against blitzkrieg
        • GER went around Maginot Line
      • FR & BR trapped on beaches of Dunkirk
        • Operation Dynamo
          • Used every available ship & fishing boat to evacuate +300,000 troops
      • June 22 – FR sign armistice
        • GER occupied 3/5 of FR
      • Vichy France – FR authoritarian regime under GER control
        • Led by FR WWI hero – Marshall Henri Petain
      • BR still undefeated
        • Ask U.S. for help
      • FDR- denounces
      • attacks BUT follows
      • isolationist policy
        • Neutrality acts
        • Cash & carry - loophole
    • Battle of Britain
      • Aug 1940- Luftwaffe launched
      • Major Offensive- bombed BR:
        • Air & Naval bases
        • Harbors
        • Communications Centers
        • War industries
      • BR fought back
      • - Used radar that provided early warning
        • - But RAF suffered big losses
    • Battle of Britain cont.
      • Sept – Hitler ordered strategy shift & bombed cities
        • Hilter wanted to break BR morale (war of attrition)
        • BR took advantage of situation to rebuild air strength
      • End of Sept – Hitler postponed BR invasion indefinitely
      Children of WWII
    • Operation Barbarossa Hitler’s Invasion of Soviet Russia
      • Why USSR?
      • Easier to take BR with USSR not able to help
      • Hitler believed USSR had pitiful army that would be easy to defeat
      • (Stalin had purged most of his military leaders)
    • ` Stalin’s Great Purge
      • Mussolini failed to defeat Greece (1940)
        • So GER had to go help – seized Greece & Yugoslavia
      • Invasion of USSR
        • June 22, 1941 – Hitler invaded USSR
        • 1800 mile front
        • GER advanced quickly captured 2 million RU soldiers
    • Operation Barbarossa cont.
      • By Nov.
        • – 1 st GER army group swept Ukraine
        • 2 nd army besieged Leningrad
        • 3 rd 25 miles outside of Moscow
        • Stopped because GER halted by early winter & fierce Soviet resistance
          • GER had no winter uniforms
          • 1 st time GER armies stopped
      • Dec 1941 – Soviets counter attacked & pushed GER back