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9 3

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Published in: Entertainment & Humor
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Transcript

  • 1. Tokugawa Japan & Korea
  • 2. Three Great Unifiers
    • End of 15th C – Japan in chaos
    • Shogunate – collapsed
    • Diamyo – heads of noble families, contr. own land & warred w/ neighbors
    • Unification under 3 rulers
    • 1. Oda Nobunaga
    • Seized – imperial capital, Kyoto
    • Tried to – consolidate his rule in the central plains
    • 2. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    • Moved capital – to Osaka
    • By 1590 – got most daimyo to accept his authority
    • 3. Tokugawa Ieyasu
    • Daimyo of – Edo (Tokyo)
    • 1603 – Ieyasu took title of shogun
    • Completed – restoration of central authority
    • Tokugawa shoguns – remained in power @ Edo until 1868
    • Brought – “Great Peace”
  • 3. Europeans in Japan
    • 1543 – PORT traders arrive
    • At 1st – welcomed
    • JP fascinated – by tobacco, clocks, eyeglasses
    • Daimyo – want weapons
    • 1549 – Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary arrived
    • By end of 16th C – thousands of Japanese are Christians
    • Jesuit practices – destroy shrines
    • 1587 – Hideyoshi banned Christians
    • Next to go – European merchants
    • Dutch – community in Nagasaki allowed to stay
  • 4. Tokugawa Rule
    • Tokugawa est – control of feudal system
    • State divided – into 250 hans (domains)
    • Each ruled – by a daimyo
    • Theoretically – daimyo independent
    • Actually – controlled by shogunate w/ hostage system
    • Daimyo – required to have 2 residences
    • 1. own land
    • 2. in Edo (when D left - family stayed)
    • Samurai – ceased being warrior class
  • 5. Economic & Social Changes
    • Under Tokugawa – big econ. Changes – trade & industry boom
    • Most peasants – declining profits & rising taxes
    • Many forced – become tenants or hired help
    • 7000- peasants revolt
    • 4 Classes
    • Top – Emperor & Imperial Court families
    • 1. Warriors (inc. shogun, daimyo, samurai, ronin)
    • 2. Peasants (farmers)
    • 3. Artisans (crafts people)
    • 4. Merchants
    • Eta or Burakumin (outcast)
  • 6.
    • Marriage – btw classes forbidden
    • Shogun – Supreme ruler below Emp & distributor of rice
    • Farmers are Often – poor but were actually respected in society
    • Merchants – distributed food & essential goods
      • @ bottom b/c – made $ from others labor
    • Laws regulated – Eta residence, dress, hairstyle, etc. (considered unclean)
  • 7. Role of Women
      • Women- restricted under Tokugawa
      • Parents- arranged marriages
      • Valued for- roles as child bearers & homemakers
      • Tokugawa Culture
      • Kabuki- theatre
      • Emphasized- action, music & dramatic gestures
      • Forbade- women to appear on stage
        • So created- professional class of males actors to portray women
  • 8. Korea
    • 14 th C- Yi dynasty founded (1392-1910)
      • Capital- Hanyang (currently Seoul)
      • Society patterned- after Chinese
    • Tried to keep- country isolated
      • Nickname- Hermit Kingdom
    • 1630s- Manchu army invaded
      • Forced Yi dynasty to become subjects of China
    • Remained- untouched by EU merchants & Christian missionaries

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