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What  geographical  advantages does the location of Turkey have? What disadvantages?
8-1 The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Early 14 th  C – Osman Turks expanded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began Ottoman Empire </li></ul>...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Janissaries made up elite guard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converted to Islam (were Christian...
<ul><li>Mehmet II - Ott leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved to end Byzantine Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laid siege C...
<ul><li>1514-1517 Sultan Selim took control of original heartland of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl holy cities </li></u...
December 7, 1941: The Sleeping Giant Awakens   <ul><li>&quot;I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fil...
Ottoman Rule <ul><li>Labeled- gunpowder empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by outside conquerors who unified after conque...
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Transcript of "8 1"

  1. 1. What geographical advantages does the location of Turkey have? What disadvantages?
  2. 2. 8-1 The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Early 14 th C – Osman Turks expanded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled Bosporus & Dardanelles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connect – Black & Aegean Sea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Byzantine Emp – controlled area for centuries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14 th C Ottoman expanded into Balkans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed title of Sultan for rulers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to build strong military </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>Janissaries made up elite guard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converted to Islam (were Christian) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve sultan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mastered – new tech of firearms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced – north & captured Bulgaria </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mehmet II - Ott leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved to end Byzantine Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laid siege Constantinople </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ott used massive cannons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Began April 6, 1453 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ended May 29, 1453 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Pg. 239 Voices from the Past) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New capital Constantinople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renamed Istanbul </li></ul></ul>How can you tell this is a mosque? Quickly list all the facts you remember about Islam !
  5. 5. <ul><li>1514-1517 Sultan Selim took control of original heartland of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl holy cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selim declared self new caliph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caliph defender of faith & successor to Mohammad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred admin conquered lands w/ local rulers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Central gov’t appt officials - pashas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resp – collect taxes, maintain law & order, reports to Sultan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suleyman I aka Suleyman the Magnificent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led new attacks on Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1529 defeated in Vienna </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1571 Ott fleet destroyed in Mediterranean Sea by SP empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ sleeping giant” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Have you heard of another nation referred to as a “sleeping giant?”
  6. 6. December 7, 1941: The Sleeping Giant Awakens <ul><li>&quot;I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-Japanese Admiral Yamamoto </li></ul>Can you think other “sleeping giants?”
  7. 7. Ottoman Rule <ul><li>Labeled- gunpowder empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by outside conquerors who unified after conquering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Success based on mastery of fire arms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sultan- head of Ottoman system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position hereditary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessarily to eldest son </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to struggles for power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harem- “sacred place” sultans private quarters </li></ul><ul><li>Sultan controlled- bureaucracy w/ imperial council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Vizier- chief minister, led meetings </li></ul></ul>Topkapi Divan; center area for grand vizier; Sultan behind screen  
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