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ottoman empire

ottoman empire

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    8 1 8 1 Presentation Transcript

    • What geographical advantages does the location of Turkey have? What disadvantages?
    • 8-1 The Ottoman Empire
      • Early 14 th C – Osman Turks expanded
        • Began Ottoman Empire
        • Controlled Bosporus & Dardanelles
          • Connect – Black & Aegean Sea
          • Byzantine Emp – controlled area for centuries
        • 14 th C Ottoman expanded into Balkans
        • Claimed title of Sultan for rulers
        • Began to build strong military
          • Janissaries made up elite guard
            • Converted to Islam (were Christian)
            • Trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve sultan
          • Mastered – new tech of firearms
          • Advanced – north & captured Bulgaria
      • Mehmet II - Ott leader
        • Moved to end Byzantine Empire
        • Laid siege Constantinople
          • Ott used massive cannons
          • Began April 6, 1453
          • Ended May 29, 1453
          • (Pg. 239 Voices from the Past)
      • New capital Constantinople
        • Renamed Istanbul
      How can you tell this is a mosque? Quickly list all the facts you remember about Islam !
      • 1514-1517 Sultan Selim took control of original heartland of Islam
        • Incl holy cities
        • Selim declared self new caliph
          • Caliph defender of faith & successor to Mohammad
        • Were Muslims
          • Preferred admin conquered lands w/ local rulers
          • Central gov’t appt officials - pashas
            • Resp – collect taxes, maintain law & order, reports to Sultan
        • Suleyman I aka Suleyman the Magnificent
          • Led new attacks on Europe
          • 1529 defeated in Vienna
          • 1571 Ott fleet destroyed in Mediterranean Sea by SP empire
            • “ sleeping giant”
      Have you heard of another nation referred to as a “sleeping giant?”
    • December 7, 1941: The Sleeping Giant Awakens
      • "I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve."
      • -Japanese Admiral Yamamoto
      Can you think other “sleeping giants?”
    • Ottoman Rule
      • Labeled- gunpowder empire
        • Formed by outside conquerors who unified after conquering
        • Success based on mastery of fire arms
      • Sultan- head of Ottoman system
        • Position hereditary
        • Not necessarily to eldest son
        • Led to struggles for power
      • Harem- “sacred place” sultans private quarters
      • Sultan controlled- bureaucracy w/ imperial council
        • Grand Vizier- chief minister, led meetings
      Topkapi Divan; center area for grand vizier; Sultan behind screen