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Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely -Lord Acton 1887 Do you agree or disagree with this quote? Why?
7.3A  RESPONSE TO  CRISIS & ABSOLUTISM
<ul><li>Absolutism-  ruler holds  TOTAL  power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tied to “divine right of kings” </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Louis Comes to Power <ul><li>1643- Louis XIV crowned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age of 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car. Mazari...
<ul><li>Biggest threat was high nobles & royal princes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed them from royal council </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Religious harmony part of monarchy power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursued anit-Prot. policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
MTV CRIBS  -  VERSAILLES <ul><li>http://cheninger.edublogs.org/projects/ </li></ul>
7.3A Review <ul><li>What is absolutism? </li></ul><ul><li>What steps did Louis XIV take to maintain absolute power? </li><...
7.3B Absolutism in  Central & Eastern EUROPE
<ul><li>After 30 Years War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 “Germanies” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prussia & Austria emerged EU p...
<ul><li>New Austrian Empire incl. present-day Austria, Czech Rep., & Hungary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After defeat of Turks 1...
Russia under peter the great <ul><li>15 th  C new RUS state emerged </li></ul><ul><li>16 th  C Ivan IV became czar (Caesar...
<ul><li>Peter the Great – famous members of Rom. Dy.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1689 became czar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determ...
<ul><li>Began to intro Western customs, practices & manners into Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered Russian book of etiq...
Pieta <ul><li>Compare and contrast the two pieces of art. </li></ul>
7.4 World of EU Culture <ul><li>Mannerism brought artistic Ren. to end </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerged in ITL 1520s and 1530...
El Greco
 
<ul><li>Baroque replaced mannerism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted by Catholic reformation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried...
Judith beheading Holofernes Artemisia Gentileschi
<ul><li>Golden Age of Literature 1580-1640  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wm Shakespeare famous dramatist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
<ul><ul><li>Best known for writing plays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also an actor & shareholder in theater com. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Miguel de Cervantes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don Quixote one of the greatest literary works of all time </li></ul></u...
Political thought <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alarmed by revolutionary upheavals in ENG </li></ul></ul><u...
Ch. 7 SG  <ul><li>Henry of Navarre </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II </li></ul><ul><li>James I </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I </li>...
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7 3&4

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Transcript of "7 3&4"

  1. 1. Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely -Lord Acton 1887 Do you agree or disagree with this quote? Why?
  2. 2. 7.3A RESPONSE TO CRISIS & ABSOLUTISM
  3. 3. <ul><li>Absolutism- ruler holds TOTAL power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tied to “divine right of kings” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to make laws, levy taxes, admin. justice, for. policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reign of Louis XIV ex: Absolutism 17 th Cent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His court- imitated throughout EU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Both Louis XIII & XIV- boys when crowned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t controlled by royal ministers (regents?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu – Louis XIII’s chief min. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthened- power of monarchy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set up- spies network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To uncover plots by noble </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crushed- conspiracies & executed conspirators </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Louis Comes to Power <ul><li>1643- Louis XIV crowned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age of 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car. Mazarin chief minister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revolt led nobles broke out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results revolt was crushed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FR ppl wanted stability and wanted strong monarchy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1661 Mazarin dies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV- takes over power at age 23 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Est. strict routine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as Sun King (source of light for all FR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled policy making in gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Court @ Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 Purposes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 his personal home </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 chief offices located here (he could keep an eye on them) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 powerful subjects came to find favor with Louis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Biggest threat was high nobles & royal princes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed them from royal council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council admin. body of king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supervised gov’t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>@ court keep them busy & out of politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absol. Power over for. policy, Church, taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power limited @ local level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trad. groups nobles, local officials & town councils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More control over day-to-day operations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King would bribed ppl to carry out policies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Religious harmony part of monarchy power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursued anit-Prot. policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed @ converting Huguenots to Catholicism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200,000 Hug. fled to England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jean-Baptiste Colbert- controller-general of finances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought increase $ & power of FR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By following Mercantilism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease imports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase exports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built roads & canals to improve communication & trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised tarrifs on foreign goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a merchant marine to carry goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dev. Standing army for times of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li># around 400,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1667-1713 Louis waged 4 wars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1715- Louis XIV dies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left FR w/ great debt & lots of enemies </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. MTV CRIBS - VERSAILLES <ul><li>http://cheninger.edublogs.org/projects/ </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7.3A Review <ul><li>What is absolutism? </li></ul><ul><li>What steps did Louis XIV take to maintain absolute power? </li></ul>
  9. 9. 7.3B Absolutism in Central & Eastern EUROPE
  10. 10. <ul><li>After 30 Years War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 “Germanies” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prussia & Austria emerged EU powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prussia, Fred Wm the Elector laid foundation for Prussian state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Realizing no natural barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built large standing army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Force of 40,000 (4 th largest) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set up General War Commissariat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To levy taxes oversee growth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Junkers – Prussian landed wealthy (off. in army) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Son became official king in 1701 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>New Austrian Empire incl. present-day Austria, Czech Rep., & Hungary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After defeat of Turks 1687 controlled HUN, TRAN, CRO, & SLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 18 th C AUS Haps. gained new empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AUS monarchy never had completed control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remained a collection of territories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Held together by Haps. emperor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each area had own laws & pol. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No common feeling tied them together </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Russia under peter the great <ul><li>15 th C new RUS state emerged </li></ul><ul><li>16 th C Ivan IV became czar (Caesar) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded eastward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushed power of nobility (boyars) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Known Ivan the Terrible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B/c stabbing his own son </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1598 dynasty came to an end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1613 Michael Romanov new czar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanov dynasty lasted until 1917 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Peter the Great – famous members of Rom. Dy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1689 became czar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determined to westernize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow EU tech. for mil. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st goal reorganize army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed 1 st Russian navy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created police state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few bureaucrats shared his concept of honest service & duty to the state </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Began to intro Western customs, practices & manners into Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered Russian book of etiquette to teach Western manners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1703 created St. Petersburg coast of Baltic Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His window to the West </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Pieta <ul><li>Compare and contrast the two pieces of art. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 7.4 World of EU Culture <ul><li>Mannerism brought artistic Ren. to end </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerged in ITL 1520s and 1530s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broke down High Ren. Art (balance, harmony & moderation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proportion deliberately ignored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High point in work of El Greco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From Crete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depicts mood of religious tensions created by Reformation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. El Greco
  18. 19. <ul><li>Baroque replaced mannerism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted by Catholic reformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to combine classical ideals w/ religious ideals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known for drama to produce emotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gian Lorenzo Bernini ITL arch. & sculptor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Peter’s Basilica interior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Throne of St. Peter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Judith beheading Holofernes Artemisia Gentileschi
  20. 21. <ul><li>Golden Age of Literature 1580-1640 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wm Shakespeare famous dramatist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elizabethan Era within Queen Liz’s reign </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1592 Shakespeare appeared in London </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Globe </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><ul><li>Best known for writing plays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also an actor & shareholder in theater com. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed as universal genius </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Master Eng. language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed remarkable understanding of human condition </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Miguel de Cervantes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don Quixote one of the greatest literary works of all time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knight - Quixote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sancho Panza - realist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Realize – value the others perspective (need dreams & reality) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Political thought <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alarmed by revolutionary upheavals in ENG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1651 Leviathan published </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made a contract & agreed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to form a state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be absol power- to preserve order in society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1690 Two Treatises of Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans had nat’l rights – what you are born with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl life, liberty, & property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Est gov’t to ensure protection of rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t protects rights of ppl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ppl act reasonable toward gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If gov’t broke contract – ppl form a new gov’t </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Ch. 7 SG <ul><li>Henry of Navarre </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II </li></ul><ul><li>James I </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Cromwell </li></ul><ul><li>Charles II </li></ul><ul><li>James II </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Mazarin </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Baptiste Colbert </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan IV </li></ul><ul><li>Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><li>William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Miguel de Cervantes </li></ul><ul><li>El Greco </li></ul><ul><li>Gian Lorenzo Bernini </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Huguenots </li></ul><ul><li>Roundheads </li></ul><ul><li>Cavaliers </li></ul>30 Years War Edict of Nantes Glorious Revolution Absolutism Mannerism Baroque Bill of Rights Toleration Act of 1689 Witchcraft Don Quixote Divine Right of Kings Know ALL vocabulary!!!!
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