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Greek Mythology Art Drama

Greek Mythology Art Drama



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    5-1_8th 5-1_8th Presentation Transcript

      • Exploring cultural contributions of Classical Greece
      • Mythology
      • Poetry and Fables
      • Drama
      • Art and Architecture
      • Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes
        • Polytheistic is the belief in many gods and goddesses
        • Gods & Goddesses controlled or affected people’s lives and shaped events
      Greek Mythology
    • Zeus
      • Chief god
      • god of the sky, rain, and lightning
      • The Olympic Games
        • If you weren’t Greek you could not compete
        • Athletes would come from hundred of miles
        • Athletes were from different polises.
    • Hades
      • god of the underworld
      • brother of Zeus and Poseidon
      • Ruled with his wife Persephone
      • Power to be invisible
      • Hera
      • Poseidon
      • Queen of the Olympians
      • Wife and sister of Zeus
      • goddess of marriage
      • She is usually seen with a scepter, a cow, or peacock.
      • god of the sea
      • Brother of Zeus
      • Sailors relied upon him for favorable winds and safe voyages, but he was moody.
      • Apollo
      • Artemis
      • god of light.
      • Patron of many things, including archery, music, prophecy and medicine
      • goddess of the hunt and wild animals.
      • She helped women in childbirth but also brought sudden death with her arrows
      • Aphrodite
      • Hephaestus
      • goddess of beauty and love
      • Protectress of sailors
      • Daughter of Zeus and Dione
      • god of fire and of the artisans
      • Husband of Aphrodite
      • He was the only ugly god
      • Athena
      • goddess of wisdom, protector of cities
      • Protectress of those who worship her in times of war, also patron of household crafts
      • Patron goddess of Athens
      • god of the Market
        • Orators, writers, and commerce; protector of thieves and of mischief-makers.
      • Messenger to mortals
      • Hermes
      • Ares
      • Dionysus
      • god of War
      • He is often depicted carrying a bloodstained spear. His throne on Mount Olympus was said to be covered in human skin.
      • god of wine and fertility
      • Showed mortals how to cultivate grapes.
      • Demeter
      • Goddess of crops, giver of grains and fruit
      • When depicted in art, Demeter is often shown carrying a sheaf of grain.
    • Mount Olympus
      • The highest mountain in Greece
      • Home to the 12 most important gods and goddesses
      • Zeus, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Hera, Hermes, and Poseidon.
    • Gods & Goddesses
      • Human Characteristics
        • They married, had children, quarreled, played tricks on each other, and fought wars.
      • Rituals - set of actions carried our in a fixed way. Help keep the gods happy.
        • Festivals
    • Greek beliefs
      • Each person had a fate or destiny
      • Prophecy
        • Prediction about the future
      • Oracle
        • A sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god or goddess - predict the future
      • Temple of Apollo -were the Oracle at Delphi lived
        • Answers could be interpreted to always be the right answer
    • Greek Poetry and Fables
      • Oldest in the Western world
      • Shakespeare borrowed many Greek ideas to write he’s famous plays
      • Epics
        • Long poems that tell about heroic deeds
      • Homer - writer and poet
        • His epics based on stories of war between Greece and the city of Troy
          • Iliad - prince of Troy kidnapping the King of Sparta’s wife
          • Odyssey- Greek hero Odysseus (fought in the Trojan War) trying to make it back home to his wife
      • Greek stories taught courage and honor and the value of friendship and love
    • The Iliad
    • The Odyssey
    • Aesop’s fables
      • Aesop told his stories to many people throughout his life.
      • Each of these fables have a lesson to be told.
      • These stories were retold and passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth.
      • The fables were not written down for over 200 years.
      • The stories end with a moral to assure the reader understands the message.
      • Over 600 fables are have been collected and written down.
      Aesop’s fables
    • Greek Drama
      • A story told by actors who pretend to be characters.
      • Tragedy
      • Struggles to overcome difficulties but fails
      • Early Greek vs. Later Greek tragedies
      • Comedy
      • Happy ending
      • Big questions
      • Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes
      • Sophocles – playwright who used 3 actors and painted scenes (Oedipus Rex and Antigone)
      • Euripides – playwright characters were everyday people who questioned real world problems, especially war
      • Oresteia play written by Aeschylus about evil causing more evil
      • Aristophanes’ style (Saturday Night Live?) plays made fun of politicians
    • Greek Art
      • Idea:
        • Reason
        • Moderation
        • Balance
        • harmony
    • Architecture
      • The art of designing and building structures
      • Most important architecture
      • The Parthenon
      • The orders
        • Doric
        • Ionic
        • Corinthian
      • Used to express ideas
      • Favorite subject