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5-1_8th

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Greek Mythology Art Drama

Greek Mythology Art Drama

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • Exploring cultural contributions of Classical Greece
    • Mythology
    • Poetry and Fables
    • Drama
    • Art and Architecture
  • 2.
    • Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes
      • Polytheistic is the belief in many gods and goddesses
      • Gods & Goddesses controlled or affected people’s lives and shaped events
    Greek Mythology
  • 3. Zeus
    • Chief god
    • god of the sky, rain, and lightning
    • The Olympic Games
      • If you weren’t Greek you could not compete
      • Athletes would come from hundred of miles
      • Athletes were from different polises.
  • 4. Hades
    • god of the underworld
    • brother of Zeus and Poseidon
    • Ruled with his wife Persephone
    • Power to be invisible
  • 5.
    • Hera
    • Poseidon
    • Queen of the Olympians
    • Wife and sister of Zeus
    • goddess of marriage
    • She is usually seen with a scepter, a cow, or peacock.
    • god of the sea
    • Brother of Zeus
    • Sailors relied upon him for favorable winds and safe voyages, but he was moody.
  • 6.
    • Apollo
    • Artemis
    • god of light.
    • Patron of many things, including archery, music, prophecy and medicine
    • goddess of the hunt and wild animals.
    • She helped women in childbirth but also brought sudden death with her arrows
  • 7.
    • Aphrodite
    • Hephaestus
    • goddess of beauty and love
    • Protectress of sailors
    • Daughter of Zeus and Dione
    • god of fire and of the artisans
    • Husband of Aphrodite
    • He was the only ugly god
  • 8.
    • Athena
    • goddess of wisdom, protector of cities
    • Protectress of those who worship her in times of war, also patron of household crafts
    • Patron goddess of Athens
    • god of the Market
      • Orators, writers, and commerce; protector of thieves and of mischief-makers.
    • Messenger to mortals
    • Hermes
  • 9.
    • Ares
    • Dionysus
    • god of War
    • He is often depicted carrying a bloodstained spear. His throne on Mount Olympus was said to be covered in human skin.
    • god of wine and fertility
    • Showed mortals how to cultivate grapes.
  • 10.
    • Demeter
    • Goddess of crops, giver of grains and fruit
    • When depicted in art, Demeter is often shown carrying a sheaf of grain.
  • 11. Mount Olympus
    • The highest mountain in Greece
    • Home to the 12 most important gods and goddesses
    • Zeus, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Hera, Hermes, and Poseidon.
  • 12. Gods & Goddesses
    • Human Characteristics
      • They married, had children, quarreled, played tricks on each other, and fought wars.
    • Rituals - set of actions carried our in a fixed way. Help keep the gods happy.
      • Festivals
  • 13. Greek beliefs
    • Each person had a fate or destiny
    • Prophecy
      • Prediction about the future
    • Oracle
      • A sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god or goddess - predict the future
    • Temple of Apollo -were the Oracle at Delphi lived
      • Answers could be interpreted to always be the right answer
  • 14. Greek Poetry and Fables
    • Oldest in the Western world
    • Shakespeare borrowed many Greek ideas to write he’s famous plays
    • Epics
      • Long poems that tell about heroic deeds
    • Homer - writer and poet
      • His epics based on stories of war between Greece and the city of Troy
        • Iliad - prince of Troy kidnapping the King of Sparta’s wife
        • Odyssey- Greek hero Odysseus (fought in the Trojan War) trying to make it back home to his wife
    • Greek stories taught courage and honor and the value of friendship and love
  • 15. The Iliad
  • 16. The Odyssey
  • 17. Aesop’s fables
    • Aesop told his stories to many people throughout his life.
    • Each of these fables have a lesson to be told.
    • These stories were retold and passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth.
    • The fables were not written down for over 200 years.
    • The stories end with a moral to assure the reader understands the message.
    • Over 600 fables are have been collected and written down.
    Aesop’s fables
  • 18. Greek Drama
    • A story told by actors who pretend to be characters.
    • Tragedy
    • Struggles to overcome difficulties but fails
    • Early Greek vs. Later Greek tragedies
    • Comedy
    • Happy ending
    • Big questions
    • Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes
  • 19.
    • Sophocles – playwright who used 3 actors and painted scenes (Oedipus Rex and Antigone)
    • Euripides – playwright characters were everyday people who questioned real world problems, especially war
    • Oresteia play written by Aeschylus about evil causing more evil
    • Aristophanes’ style (Saturday Night Live?) plays made fun of politicians
  • 20. Greek Art
    • Idea:
      • Reason
      • Moderation
      • Balance
      • harmony
  • 21. Architecture
    • The art of designing and building structures
    • Most important architecture
    • The Parthenon
    • The orders
      • Doric
      • Ionic
      • Corinthian
    • Used to express ideas
    • Favorite subject
    Sculpture

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