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ALWD Citation  Manual A Professional System of  Citation (Third Edition)
Background <ul><li>Origins trace to January 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AALS resolution regarding the Bluebook </li></ul></...
Philosophy <ul><li>“ Restatement of citation” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With changes when necessary to enhance consistency and...
Adoptions:  About 90 Law Schools <ul><li>American University </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona State </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Univ...
Adoptions <ul><li>Approximately 50 paralegal programs </li></ul><ul><li>About two dozen law journals </li></ul><ul><li>Sup...
States that Require Bluebook Format in Court Documents <ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or Calif. Style Manual </l...
ALWD v. Bluebook <ul><li>Ease of use/learning </li></ul><ul><li>One citation system </li></ul><ul><li>Differences are rela...
Case Citations  <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burlington Indus., Inc. v. Ellerth , 524 U.S. 742 (1998). <...
State Format – Cases <ul><li>BB and ALWD:   Smith v. Jones , 650 So. 2d 500 (La. 1994). </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana:   Smi...
Statutes  <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 U.S.C. § 3612(g)(5)(B) (2000). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or. ...
State Format – Statutes <ul><li>Colorado:   § 16-11-30, 8A CRS (2000). </li></ul><ul><li>Florida:   § 350.34, Fla. Stat. (...
Law Reviews <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cass R. Sunstein,  Affirmative Action, Caste, and Cultural Comp...
Summary <ul><li>ALWD and Bluebook are more consistent than different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people would not notice t...
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Transcript of "D1 alwd citation manual background 3d e"

  1. 1. ALWD Citation Manual A Professional System of Citation (Third Edition)
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Origins trace to January 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AALS resolution regarding the Bluebook </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>review of citation practices and manuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review of research manuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review of actual documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review by professors at many different schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review by librarians and reporters of decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user input </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Philosophy <ul><li>“ Restatement of citation” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With changes when necessary to enhance consistency and ease of usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not “change for the sake of change” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dual colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sidebars – “tips for the unwary” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More examples, labeled examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistance through Web and e-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One citation system, not two </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adoptions: About 90 Law Schools <ul><li>American University </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona State </li></ul><ul><li>Boston University </li></ul><ul><li>BYU </li></ul><ul><li>Case Western </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago-Kent </li></ul><ul><li>Emory </li></ul><ul><li>Florida International </li></ul><ul><li>Fordham </li></ul><ul><li>New York Law School </li></ul><ul><li>Northwestern University </li></ul><ul><li>Rutgers (Camden & Newark) </li></ul><ul><li>St. Louis University </li></ul><ul><li>Temple University </li></ul><ul><li>University of Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>University of California – Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>University of Colorado </li></ul><ul><li>University of Dayton </li></ul><ul><li>University of Florida </li></ul><ul><li>University of Idaho </li></ul><ul><li>University of Las Vegas, Nevada </li></ul><ul><li>University of Louisville </li></ul><ul><li>University of Maine </li></ul><ul><li>University of Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>University of Missouri (Columbia & KC) </li></ul><ul><li>University of Oregon </li></ul><ul><li>University of South Dakota </li></ul><ul><li>University of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>University of Utah </li></ul><ul><li>University of Wyoming </li></ul><ul><li>Vanderbilt </li></ul><ul><li>Villanova </li></ul><ul><li>Wake Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne State </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adoptions <ul><li>Approximately 50 paralegal programs </li></ul><ul><li>About two dozen law journals </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Courts in Alabama, Idaho, Montana. United States Court of Appeal for the 11 th Circuit. </li></ul><ul><li>Given equal treatment in Bryan Garner’s The Redbook (new book on legal style) </li></ul>
  6. 6. States that Require Bluebook Format in Court Documents <ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or Calif. Style Manual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Washington State </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Local citation rules (ALWD Manual Appendix 2) </li></ul>
  7. 7. ALWD v. Bluebook <ul><li>Ease of use/learning </li></ul><ul><li>One citation system </li></ul><ul><li>Differences are relatively minor, especially for memos and briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Significant difference in law review format is the elimination of large and small caps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handout – typeface, periodicals, books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerpoint presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to convert </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Case Citations <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burlington Indus., Inc. v. Ellerth , 524 U.S. 742 (1998). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dart Indus., Inc. v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 484 F.2d 1295 (9th Cir. 1973). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BB: Sanborn v. Wagner, 354 F. Supp. 291 (D. Md. 1973). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWD: Sanborn v. Wagner , 354 F. Supp. 291 (D. Md. 1973). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. State Format – Cases <ul><li>BB and ALWD: Smith v. Jones , 650 So. 2d 500 (La. 1994). </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana: Smith v. Jones , 93-2345 (La. 7/15/94), 650 So.2d 500. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Statutes <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 U.S.C. § 3612(g)(5)(B) (2000). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 60.357(5) (1995). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BB: O R . R EV . S TAT . A NN . § 60.357(5) (1995). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWD: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 60.357(5) (1995). </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. State Format – Statutes <ul><li>Colorado: § 16-11-30, 8A CRS (2000). </li></ul><ul><li>Florida: § 350.34, Fla. Stat. (2001). </li></ul><ul><li>Maine: 1 M.R.S.A. § 401 (1989). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Law Reviews <ul><li>Memos and Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cass R. Sunstein, Affirmative Action, Caste, and Cultural Comparisons , 97 Mich. L. Rev. 1311, 1315 (1999). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BB: Cass R. Sunstein, Affirmative Action, Caste, and Cultural Comparisons , 97 M ICH . L. R EV . 1311, 1315 (1999). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWD: Cass R. Sunstein, Affirmative Action, Caste, and Cultural Comparisons , 97 Mich. L. Rev. 1311, 1315 (1999). </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Summary <ul><li>ALWD and Bluebook are more consistent than different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people would not notice the differences even if formats were not converted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversion charts are available. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students going onto law review have to learn a different Bluebook format. </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn citation more quickly and with less hassle using ALWD. </li></ul>
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