What difference can a teacher make? How did teachers make a difference in your life?
How Teaching Makes a Difference Teacher/student relationships: students who have good relationships with their teachers in kindergarten do better all across their elementary experience. Teacher preparation and quality: research demonstrates that high quality teachers help students to achieve. Students who have a series of ineffective teachers will have poor achievement.
What is good teaching? If an interviewer were to ask you, what would you say?
Teacher expertise Content knowledge—knowledge of the subject. General pedagogical knowledge (good teaching strategies that apply to all subjects, classroom management, knowledge of settings such as grouping students). Pedagogical content knowledge (curriculum, appropriate materials, special ways to teach the subject and its concepts) Knowledge of learners and learning (characteristics and culture of learners, knowledge of developmentEducational psychology: the discipline concerned with teaching and learningprocesses; applies the methods and theories of psychology and has its own, as well.
Knowledge of Content Your knowledge of the subject matter(s) you teach: social studies, English literature, French, art, chemistry, mathematics, music, etc.
Pedagogical Content Knowledge Content knowledge: your knowledge of the subject matter. This demonstration of a Pedagogical: knowledge about teaching. real world problem Therefore Pedagogical Content Knowledge followed by work with is knowledge about how to teach concepts manipulatives will help within a subject matter. my students understand fractions.An understanding of how tomake a specific subjectcomprehensible to others.
General Pedagogical Knowledge Instructional Let’s see… For this next history strategy lesson, how can I get them to understand the context of the Revolutionary War? I think I’ll use constructivist techniques and have students create a newspaper from that Classroom time. Hmmm…which students will management work best together in a group? An understanding of general principles of instruction and classroom management that transcends individual topics or subject matter areas.Certain instructional strategies and classroommanagement techniques can be used no matter whatsubject matter is being taught. This is GENERALteaching or pedagogical knowledge.
Knowledge of Learners and Learning Developmentally, my students need social contact because they are adolescents. I also know they need to construct knowledge; they don’t learn if I just tell them something.You need to know what is going on withyour students in relation to several typesof development (cognitive, psychosocial,linguistic, moral) and you need to knowhow the brain works in learning.
Can you differentiate between the fourtypes of knowledge teachers use? Knowledge of content—subject matter knowledge Pedagogical content knowledge—how to teach that particular subject matter General pedagogical knowledge—general knowledge about classroom management and instructional strategies Knowledge of learners and learning— knowledge about students and how their brains work.
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