Poetry powerpoint for fran's show

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  • 1. • Poem: a literal and figurative space, comprised of words, lines and stanzas, created on a page or pages in which the poet, through the poem, explores the nature of reality and expresses its metaphorical observations (its truths) to its reader.
  • 2. Poetry• Meaning – Metaphor and extended metaphor – Simile – Analogy• Rhythm• Meter
  • 3. Poetic Devices• Sounds of words• Meanings of words• Arranging the words• Images of words• (semiotics)
  • 4. Scansion• The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. – Stressed syllables: labeled with accent mark: / – Unstressed syllables: labeled with a dash: — – Metrical feet may be two or three syllables in length, divided by slashes: |
  • 5. Scansion: Five Basic RhythmsPattern Name Example —/ Iamb/Iambic /— Trochee/Trochaic ——/ Anapest/Anapestic /—— Dactyl/Dactylic / / Spondee/Spondaic
  • 6. Meter• Measured by the number of feet in a line – Common line lengths are • Monometer: one foot • Dimeter: two feet • Trimeter: three feet • Tetrameter: four • Pentameter: five • Hexameter: six • Heptameter: seven • Octameter: eight
  • 7. Elements of a Poem• Word.• Line: corresponds to a series of metrical feet – Usually indented to indicate continuation.• Verse: one single line arranged in metrical pattern. May be free verse, blank verse, fixed verse, etc. May also indicate the work of a poet. – Traditional verse forms determine line length by convention, modern poetry uses more latitude – line length determined by the poet’s choice.
  • 8. Elements of a Poem• Stanza: division of a poem by arranging lines into a unit, often repeating same pattern or meter throughout. A unit of poetic lines similar to a paragraph. Stanzas are separated by blank lines.• Stanza forms: names describing the number of lines in a stanza • Couplet (2), tercet (3), quatrain (4), quintet (5), sestet (6), septet (7), octave (8)• Some stanzas follow set rhyme schemes in addition to the number of lines – Ballad meter, ottava rima, rhyme royal, terza rima, Spenserian stanza
  • 9. Point of View• The vantage of the speaker or “teller.” Also called the poem’s “voice.” Sometimes referred to as the poem’s persona. – 1st person: the speaker is a character and speaks from his or her perspective (uses the “I”). – 3rd person limited: the speaker is not a character in the poem, and speaks about the other characters through limited perception of one other person – 3rd person omniscient: the speaker is not part of the poem but knows and describes with all characters are thinking.
  • 10. Allusion• An allusion is a literary device that stimulates ideas, associations, and extra information in the readers mind with only a word or two. Allusion means reference. It relies on the reader being able to understand the allusion and being familiar with all of the meaning hidden behind the words.