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The 180° rule is a basic guideline in film making that states that two characters (or other elements) in the same scene should always have the same left/right relationship to each other.
Breaking 180degree rule Wrong position for camera
In the example of a dialogue, if Owen blond hair in the diagram) is on the left and Bob (pink hair) is on the right, then Owen should be facing right at all times, even when Bob is off the edge of the frame, and The line in the middle breaks 360 degree to 180 degree
Why 180 degree rule is use in filming conversation?
To show that the characters are equally connected.
So that one character should always face the right and the other face the left so that it does not confuse the audience
We can focus on each individuals facial expression
Understand that they are conversing
What a Two Shot is ? .. A Two shot is a type of shot employed in the film industry in which the frame encompasses a view of two people (the subjects). The subjects do not have to be next to each other, and there are many common two-shots which have one subject in the foreground and the other subject in the background. The shots are also used to show the emotional reactions between the subjects. For instance, in the movie Stand By Me, this shot is used multiple times to show these emotions. An 'American two shot' shows the two heads facing each other in profile to the camera. Similarly, a three shot has three people in the composition of the frame. In these shots the characters are given more importance; this type of image can also be seen in print advertising.
Why it is important ? Two-shots are good for establishing a relationship between subjects. If you see two sports presenters standing side by side facing the camera, you get the idea that these people are going to be the show's co-hosts. As they have equal prominence in the frame, the implication is that they will provide equal input. Of course this doesn't always apply, for example, there are many instances in which it's obvious one of the people is a presenter and the other is a guest. In any case, the two-shot is a natural way to introduce two people.
Why you need to use this in a filming Conversation ?.. Using Two shot in a filming conversation because in a film need to shoot a conversation with two people it shows after when you editing them you may zoom in and out to make it realistic. so normally as when we see they put a camera behind each person and then they switch the camera from one to the other who is talking in post.