The case for open access ismte


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Presentation for the ISMTE Annual European Conference, 18 October 2011, Oxford.

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The case for open access ismte

  1. 1. The Case for Open AccessCaroline SuttonCo-founder, Co-Action PublishingPresident, OASPA
  2. 2. Co-Action Publishing is an international open accessscholarly publisher, with a growing portfolio of peer-reviewed scholarly journals spanning differentscientific disciplines. The company is registered as alimited liability company in Sweden, and is wholly-owned by the three founding partners.
  3. 3. Established October 2008 by: BioMed Central Co-Action Publishing Copernicus Publications Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Medical Internet Research (Gunther Solomon) Medical Education Online (David Solomon) Public Library of Science (PLoS) SAGE Publications SPARC Europe Utrecht University Library (Igitur)
  4. 4. Background OA publishers lacked a voice in public debates about scholarly communications and Open Access Open Access had become an established part of the publishing landscape; it was time to address practical issues Need to develop uniform standards and best practices Need to bring together the Open Access publishing community Need to share information and work collectively OASPA represents both professional publishing organizations as well as scholar publishers and welcomes other organizations whose work
  5. 5. OASPA MissionTo support and represent the interests of Open Access (OA) journal publishers globally in all scientific, technical, and scholarly disciplines.To accomplish this mission, the association will: Exchange information Set standards Advance models Advocate for OA publishing Educate Promote innovation
  6. 6. OPEN ACCESS= Free Access + Re-use
  7. 7. Creative Commons Licenses Most common:  Attribution 3.0 (CCBY or CCAL)  Attribution- Noncommercial 3.0 (CCBY-NC)8/16/2012
  8. 8. Copyright NoticeAuthors contributing to Global Health Action agree topublish their articles under the Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unportedlicense, allowing third parties to share their work(copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under thecondition that the authors are given credit, that the work isnot used for commercial purposes, and that in the event ofreuse or distribution, the terms of this license are madeclear.Authors retain copyright of their work, with firstpublication rights granted to Co-Action Publishing.However, authors are required to transfer copyrightsassociated with commercial use to the Publisher. Revenuesfrom commercial sales are used to keep down thepublication fees. Moreover, a major portion of the profitsgenerated from commercial sales is placed in a fund tocover publication fees for researchers from developingnations and, in some cases, for young researchers.
  9. 9. The ”Green Road” Achieving Open Access through the self archiving of peer-reviewed journal articles. Different publishers have different policies on deposition of articles. List and policies available at SHERPA-RoMEO (
  10. 10. The changing landscape ofarguments
  11. 11. The financial argument“Serials Crisis”
  12. 12. The financial argument“Tax payer access”
  13. 13. The funder argument“Maximize investment in research” 30 Europe 10 United States & Canada 7 Internationally
  14. 14. The new arguments:Open Access as key to innovation and economic growth2010 Communication from the Commission on theInnovation Union :“In 2012, the Commission will propose a EuropeanResearch Area Framework and supporting measures[...]. They will notably seek to ensure through acommon approach to [...] dissemination, transferand use of research results, including through openaccess to publications and data from publicly fundedresearch”.The Commission “[...]will promote open access tothe results of publicly funded research. It will aim tomake open access to publications the generalprinciple for projects funded by the EU researchFramework Programmes [...]”.COM (2010) 546.
  15. 15. The arguments you don’thear
  16. 16. The changing landscape beyond academic publishing:”living in a free world” Chris Anderson – Free: The Future of a Radical Price
  17. 17. Image: Chris Anderson,
  18. 18. The changing landscape beyond academic publishing:”Wikinomics” ”A new kind of business is emerging – one that opens its doors to the world, innovates with everyone (especially customers), shares resources that were previously guarded, harnesses the power of mass collaboration, and behaves not as a multinational but as something new: a truly global firm.” Don Tascott & Anthony D. Williams, Wikinomics. How mass collaboration changes everything
  19. 19. The next stage for OApublishing
  20. 20. Growth in submissions andPublications at PLoS 25000 20000 Submissions Publications 15000 10000 5000 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Thanks to Mark Patterson, PLoS for sharing this slide and the next two slides.
  21. 21. Growth in OA BMC 18000 PLoS 16000 Hindawi 14000 12000 Copernicus 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 Thanks to Mark Patterson for sharing the slide and to 0 BMC, Hindawi and Copernicus for 2005 2006 data. 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 sharing 2007 2010
  22. 22. Growth in OA articles: BMC, PLoS and Hindawi 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000Thanks to Mark Patterson, PLoS for sharing this slide.And to Matt Cockerill, BMC; Paul Peters, Hindawi. 5000
  23. 23. Understanding knowledge as a network (vs. property) Knowledge as an infrastructure”A social network diagram”, Screenshot takenby Darwin Peacock, accessed throughWikimedia; distributed under a CCL 3.0.
  24. 24. THANK YOU!