Open Access UpdateCaroline SuttonPublisher, Co-Action PublishingPresident, Open Access Scholarly Publisher’s Association(OASPA) ISMTE Meeting August 9, 2011, Washington, DC
A bit about Co-Action Publishing Founded by three former executives from academic publishing industry Established as Swedish limited liability company in 2007 Founding Member Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, OASPA, current President Publish journals across disciplines, including Social Sciences and the Humanities, but primarily medicine
Established October 2008 by: BioMed Central Co-Action Publishing Copernicus Publications Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Medical Internet Research (Gunther Solomon) Medical Education Online (David Solomon) Public Library of Science (PLoS) SAGE Publications SPARC Europe Utrecht University Library (Igitur)
MissionOASPA offers a forum for bringing together the entire community ofOpen Access publishers.Our mission is to represent the interests of Open Access (OA)journal and book publishers globally in all scientific, technical andscholarl disciplines. This mission will be carried out throughexchanging information, setting standards, advancingmodels, advocacy, education, and the promotion of innovation.
Definitionsof Open Access
OPEN ACCESS= Free Access + Re-use
Creative CommonsLicenses Most common: Attribution 3.0 (CCBY or CCAL) Attribution- Noncommercial 3.0 (CCBY-NC) 8/16/2012
Copyright NoticeAuthors contributing to Global Health Action agree topublish their articles under the Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unportedlicense, allowing third parties to share their work(copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under thecondition that the authors are given credit, that the work isnot used for commercial purposes, and that in the event ofreuse or distribution, the terms of this license are madeclear.Authors retain copyright of their work, with firstpublication rights granted to Co-Action Publishing.However, authors are required to transfer copyrightsassociated with commercial use to the Publisher. Revenuesfrom commercial sales are used to keep down thepublication fees. Moreover, a major portion of the profitsgenerated from commercial sales is placed in a fund tocover publication fees for researchers from developingnations and, in some cases, for young researchers.
”Green Open Access” Achieving Open Access through the self archiving of peer-reviewed journal articles. Different publishers have different policies on deposition of articles. List and policies available at SHERPA-RoMEO (www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo)
The changing landscape of argumentsOpen Access
The financial argument“Serials Crisis”
The financial argument“Tax payer access”
The funder argument“Maximize investment in research” 30 Europe 10 United States & Canada 7 Internationally
The new arguments:Open Access as key to innovation and economic growth2010 Communication from the Commission on theInnovation Union :“In 2012, the Commission will propose a EuropeanResearch Area Framework and supporting measures[...]. They will notably seek to ensure through acommon approach to [...] dissemination, transferand use of research results, including through openaccess to publications and data from publicly fundedresearch”.The Commission “[...]will promote open access tothe results of publicly funded research. It will aim tomake open access to publications the generalprinciple for projects funded by the EU researchFramework Programmes [...]”.COM (2010) 546.
The changing landscape beyond academic publishing:”living in a free world” Chris Anderson – Free: The Future of a Radical Price
The changing landscape beyond academic publishing:”Wikinomics” ”A new kind of business is emerging – one that opens its doors to the world, innovates with everyone (especially customers), shares resources that were previously guarded, harnesses the power of mass collaboration, and behaves not as a multinational but as something new: a truly global firm.” Don Tascott & Anthony D. Williams, Wikinomics. How mass collaboration changes everything
Understanding knowledge as a network (vs. property) Knowledge as an infrastructure”A social network diagram”, Screenshot takenby Darwin Peacock, accessed throughWikimedia; distributed under a CCL 3.0.
The changing publishing landscapeTypes of publishers, Distribution of publishers, Output levels
Large Professional Publishing Organizations
Small Professional Publishing Organizations
University Libraries and University Presses
600 + societies publishingOA journals (Suber & Sutton list at:www.co-action.net/projects/OAsocieties/) Society Publishers
Size of publishersSize of DOAJ % DOAJ journals %publisher by publishersnumber of DOAJjournals1 2271 88% 2271 56%2 to 9 287 11% 849 21%10 to 49 25 1% 358 9%≥ 50 5 0% 554 14%Total 2588 4032 Panayiota Polydoratou and Ralf Schimmer :Scholarly journals and underlying business models’ attributes: preliminary findings from analysing DOAJ journal level metadata, Proceedings ELPUB2010 – Conference on Electronic Publishing June 2010 – Helsinki, Finland
Size of Publishers TA vs OANo. % TA % TA % OA % OAJnls Publishers Journals Publishers Journals1 83.7 31.7 87.9 5510 0.3 1.0 0.1 0.411-20 1.0 5.4 0.8 6.921-50 0.8 8.8 0.2 3.551-100 0.3 7.2 0.1 2.6100+ 0.3 29.7 0.1 10.3 Table adapted from: Frantsvåg, Jan Erik (2010): The Size Distribution of open access publishers: A problem for open access? First Monday, Volume 15, Number 12- 6 December.
Growth in published articles35000 Published Articles30000 from Atmospheric Chemistry &25000 ACP Physics,the New20000 NJP Journal of OE Hindawi Physics, Optics15000 PLoS Express, Hindawi, Bi10000 BioMed Central oMed Central, and the Public Library of 5000 Science 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 estSlide courtesy of Paul Peters, Hindawi Publishing Corporation (Oct. 2009)
Growth in submissions andpublications at PLoS 25000 20000 Submissions Publications 15000 10000 5000 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Thanks to Mark Patterson, PLoS for sharing this slide and the next two slides.
Growth in published articles BMC 18000 PLoS 16000 Hindawi 14000 12000 Copernicus 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 Thanks to Mark Patterson for sharing the slide and to 0 BMC, Hindawi and Copernicus for 2005 2006 data. 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 sharing 2007 2010
Growth in published articles 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 Thanks to Mark Patterson for sharing the slide and to BMC, Hindawi and Copernicus for sharing data. 5000
Trends and innovationsThinking outside the box
Some trends and innnovationsin OA publishing ”Mega” journals Re-use and remixing of content Software & applications development for science and scientists Linking data and publications
Sample Journal TransitionFood & Nutrition Research
Universe of a Subscription Journal Researchers Access only for those who have a subscription – for Food & Nutrition Research, approx. 700-800 Corporate Biotech Food Producers Nutraceuticals, Gene mod techniques, (Nestlé, Unilever, Kraft) Additives 8/16/2012
Universe of the OA Journal Researchers from Researchers related fieldsHealthcare Workers – esp Physicians & Nutritionists Nutrition advocates Related professions General citizens interested in their Industries own nutrition with links Corporate Biotech Food ProducersNutraceuticals, Gene mod techniques, (Nestlé, Unilever, Kraft) Additives Print and online magazines Pharmaceutical Co Gov’t agencies &(e.g. Novartis Medical Nutrition) policy-makers 8/16/2012
Usage IncreasedDuring first six months: Over 42 000 full text article requests Over 32 000 full pages viewed by over 6 000 different visitors to the websiteVisitors were from 120 different countries while subscriptions had been from 14 countriesAfter three years: 5-6000 visitors per month 10 000- 17000 downloads per month Visitors from 190 countries, with the US accounting for 20% of traffic. Submissions are up, citations are up (Unofficial impact calculation: 2.708) Over 700 members on LinkedIn, over 1100 registered users.