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  • 1. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
    0. GENERAL CHANGES
    1. STATEMENTS
    2. QUESTIONS
    3. COMMANDS
  • 2. 0. CHANGES OF TENSES
    / HAVE TO-MUST...
    MIGHT/HAD TO…
  • 15. 0. CHANGES OF PRONOUNS (agreementwithsubject)
    E.g. ‘I love my pet.’ _____said.
    E.g. He saidhelovedhispet.
    Shesaidshelovedherpet.
    Yousaidyoulovedyourpet.
  • 34. 0. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE
  • STATEMENT EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • 58. They said to me, ‘we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow.’
    • 59. Jeffry said,’Ididn’t go to school today.’
    • 60. Anne told Agus,‘Myfather got angry with me last night.’
    • 61. INDIRECT
    • 62. They said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.
    • 63. Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.
    • 64. Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with herthe night before.
  • 1. STATEMENTS
    HE SAID
    HE SAID TO ME
    HE TOLD ME
    THAT
    REPORTED WORDS
    Otherverbs:
    explain, answer, reply, announce, state, admit, deny, add, protest, report, promise, think, shout, (dis)agree, thank, etc.
  • 65. STATEMENT Exception:Iftheintroductorysentenceis in thePresent Tense, therewon’tbeanychanges in verb tenses or time and place complements.
    • DIRECT
    • 66. Cindy says, ‘I will come to your house tonight.’
    • 67. Indra says, ‘I have seen that film for twice.’
    • 68. “Dessysays, ‘I meet my boyfriend every saturday.’
    • 69. Chandra says, ‘I don’t like sport.’
    • 70. INDIRECT
    • 71. Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight
    • 72. Indra says that he has seenthat film for twice.
    • 73. Dessy says that shemeets her boyfriend every Saturday.
    • 74. Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.
  • 2. QUESTIONS
    a. Yes / No Question
    HE ASKED ME
    IF/WHETHER
    S + V + COMPLEMENT
    Otherverbs:
    question, wanttoknow, wonder, inquire, etc.
  • 75. A. Yes/No Question Example
    • DIRECT
    • 76. Ricky asked Henry, ‘Does your father work near here?’
    • 77. Mr. Bean asked Cyntia, ‘have you collected your homework?’
    • 78. Dessy asked William, ‘can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?’
    • 79. INDIRECT
    • 80. Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there.
    • 81. Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.
    • 82. Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.
  • 2. QUESTIONS
    b. Wh- Question
    HE ASKED ME
    WHEN/WHAT
    etc.
    S + V + COMPLEMENT
  • 83. b. Wh- Question Example
    • DIRECT
    • 84. Thegirlaskedme, ‘WhereDo you come from?’
    • 85. My fatherasked my brother, ‘Whydidyouarrive at home late lastnight?’
    • 86. Handy askedthegirl, ‘Whatisyourfavoritemoviestar?
    • 87. INDIRECT
    • 88. The girl asked me where I came from.
    • 89. My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before
    • 90. Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was
  • 3. COMMANDS
    a. Possitive Command:
    HE ASKED ME
    HE TOLD ME
    TO
    INFIVITIVE
    Otherverbs:
    beg, order, offer, invite, warn, advise, persuade, forbid, etc.
  • 91. COMMAND EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • 92. The teacher asked me, ‘Open your book page 65!’
    • 93. Siska asked Manu, ‘Give me a piece of paper!’
    • 94. “Ronny told him, ‘Call me tonight!’
    • 95. INDIRECT
    • 96. The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.
    • 97. Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.
    • 98. Ronny told him to call him that night.
  • 3. COMMANDS
    b. Negative Command:
    HE ASKED ME
    HE TOLD ME
    NOT TO
    INFIVITIVE
  • 99. COMMAND EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • 100. Santy asked Edy, ‘Don’t leave me alone anymore!’
    • 101. Valenxia asked Indra, ‘Don’t hurt me anymore!’
    • 102. Subhantold them, ‘Don’t disturb me!’
    • 103. INDIRECT
    • 104. Santy asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore.
    • 105. Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.
    • 106. Subhan told them not to disturb him.
  • EXERCISES
    • DIRECT
    • 107. The students said to the teacher, ‘We haven’t done our assignment.’
    • 108. My uncle said to my sister, ‘I cannot come on your birthday party next month.’
    • 109. Peter asked Lina, ‘Do you love me?’
    • 110. My father asked me, ‘Have you prepared for your final exam?’
    • 111. Anita told Ver, ‘Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!’
    • 112. My friend asked her, ‘Stay with me forever!’
    • 113. My headmaster asked me, ‘Where do you live?’
  • ANY QUESTIONS?
    Thankyouforyourattention.
    Have a wonderfulweekend!!!

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