DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH<br />0. GENERAL CHANGES<br />1. STATEMENTS<br />2. QUESTIONS<br />3. COMMANDS<br />
0. CHANGES OF TENSES<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
SIMPLE PRESENT
PR.  CONTINUOUS
S.PAST/PR.PERF
PR. PERF. CONTIN.
AM/ARE/ISGOING TO
CAN/WILL/MAY</li></ul>/  HAVE TO-MUST...<br /><ul><li>INDIRECT
SIMPLE PAST
PAST CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT
PAST PERF. CONT
WAS/WERE GOING TO
COULD/WOULD/</li></ul>MIGHT/HAD TO…<br />
0. CHANGES OF PRONOUNS (agreementwithsubject)<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
I
ME
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  1. 1. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH<br />0. GENERAL CHANGES<br />1. STATEMENTS<br />2. QUESTIONS<br />3. COMMANDS<br />
  2. 2. 0. CHANGES OF TENSES<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  3. 3. SIMPLE PRESENT
  4. 4. PR. CONTINUOUS
  5. 5. S.PAST/PR.PERF
  6. 6. PR. PERF. CONTIN.
  7. 7. AM/ARE/ISGOING TO
  8. 8. CAN/WILL/MAY</li></ul>/ HAVE TO-MUST...<br /><ul><li>INDIRECT
  9. 9. SIMPLE PAST
  10. 10. PAST CONTINUOUS
  11. 11. PAST PERFECT
  12. 12. PAST PERF. CONT
  13. 13. WAS/WERE GOING TO
  14. 14. COULD/WOULD/</li></ul>MIGHT/HAD TO…<br />
  15. 15. 0. CHANGES OF PRONOUNS (agreementwithsubject)<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  16. 16. I
  17. 17. ME
  18. 18. MY
  19. 19. WE
  20. 20. US
  21. 21. OUR
  22. 22. I
  23. 23. ME
  24. 24. MY</li></ul>E.g. ‘I love my pet.’ _____said.<br /><ul><li>INDIRECT
  25. 25. HE/SHE
  26. 26. HIM/HER
  27. 27. HIS/HER
  28. 28. THEY
  29. 29. THEM
  30. 30. THEIR
  31. 31. YOU
  32. 32. YOU
  33. 33. YOUR</li></ul>E.g. He saidhelovedhispet.<br />Shesaidshelovedherpet.<br />Yousaidyoulovedyourpet.<br />
  34. 34. 0. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  35. 35. NOW
  36. 36. TODAY
  37. 37. TONIGHT
  38. 38. YESTERDAY
  39. 39. LAST NIGHT
  40. 40. LAST WEEK
  41. 41. TOMORROW
  42. 42. NEXT WEEK
  43. 43. HERE
  44. 44. THIS
  45. 45. THESE
  46. 46. INDIRECT
  47. 47. THEN
  48. 48. THAT DAY
  49. 49. THAT NIGHT
  50. 50. THE DAY BEFORE
  51. 51. THE NIGHT BEFORE
  52. 52. THE WEEK BEFORE
  53. 53. THE FOLLOWING DAY
  54. 54. THE FOLLOWING WEEK
  55. 55. THERE
  56. 56. THAT
  57. 57. THOSE</li></li></ul><li>STATEMENT EXAMPLE<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  58. 58. They said to me, ‘we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow.’
  59. 59. Jeffry said,’Ididn’t go to school today.’
  60. 60. Anne told Agus,‘Myfather got angry with me last night.’
  61. 61. INDIRECT
  62. 62. They said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.
  63. 63. Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.
  64. 64. Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with herthe night before.</li></li></ul><li>1. STATEMENTS<br />HE SAID<br />HE SAID TO ME<br />HE TOLD ME<br />THAT<br />REPORTED WORDS<br />Otherverbs:<br />explain, answer, reply, announce, state, admit, deny, add, protest, report, promise, think, shout, (dis)agree, thank, etc. <br />
  65. 65. STATEMENT Exception:Iftheintroductorysentenceis in thePresent Tense, therewon’tbeanychanges in verb tenses or time and place complements.<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  66. 66. Cindy says, ‘I will come to your house tonight.’
  67. 67. Indra says, ‘I have seen that film for twice.’
  68. 68. “Dessysays, ‘I meet my boyfriend every saturday.’
  69. 69. Chandra says, ‘I don’t like sport.’
  70. 70. INDIRECT
  71. 71. Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight
  72. 72. Indra says that he has seenthat film for twice.
  73. 73. Dessy says that shemeets her boyfriend every Saturday.
  74. 74. Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.</li></li></ul><li>2. QUESTIONS<br />a. Yes / No Question<br />HE ASKED ME<br />IF/WHETHER <br />S + V + COMPLEMENT<br />Otherverbs:<br />question, wanttoknow, wonder, inquire, etc.<br />
  75. 75. A. Yes/No Question Example<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  76. 76. Ricky asked Henry, ‘Does your father work near here?’
  77. 77. Mr. Bean asked Cyntia, ‘have you collected your homework?’
  78. 78. Dessy asked William, ‘can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?’
  79. 79. INDIRECT
  80. 80. Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there.
  81. 81. Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.
  82. 82. Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.</li></li></ul><li>2. QUESTIONS<br />b. Wh- Question<br />HE ASKED ME<br />WHEN/WHAT<br />etc. <br />S + V + COMPLEMENT<br />
  83. 83. b. Wh- Question Example<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  84. 84. Thegirlaskedme, ‘WhereDo you come from?’
  85. 85. My fatherasked my brother, ‘Whydidyouarrive at home late lastnight?’
  86. 86. Handy askedthegirl, ‘Whatisyourfavoritemoviestar?
  87. 87. INDIRECT
  88. 88. The girl asked me where I came from.
  89. 89. My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before
  90. 90. Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was</li></li></ul><li>3. COMMANDS<br />a. Possitive Command:<br />HE ASKED ME<br />HE TOLD ME<br />TO<br />INFIVITIVE<br />Otherverbs:<br />beg, order, offer, invite, warn, advise, persuade, forbid, etc.<br />
  91. 91. COMMAND EXAMPLE<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  92. 92. The teacher asked me, ‘Open your book page 65!’
  93. 93. Siska asked Manu, ‘Give me a piece of paper!’
  94. 94. “Ronny told him, ‘Call me tonight!’
  95. 95. INDIRECT
  96. 96. The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.
  97. 97. Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.
  98. 98. Ronny told him to call him that night.</li></li></ul><li>3. COMMANDS<br />b. Negative Command:<br />HE ASKED ME<br />HE TOLD ME<br />NOT TO<br />INFIVITIVE<br />
  99. 99. COMMAND EXAMPLE<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  100. 100. Santy asked Edy, ‘Don’t leave me alone anymore!’
  101. 101. Valenxia asked Indra, ‘Don’t hurt me anymore!’
  102. 102. Subhantold them, ‘Don’t disturb me!’
  103. 103. INDIRECT
  104. 104. Santy asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore.
  105. 105. Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.
  106. 106. Subhan told them not to disturb him.</li></li></ul><li>EXERCISES<br /><ul><li>DIRECT
  107. 107. The students said to the teacher, ‘We haven’t done our assignment.’
  108. 108. My uncle said to my sister, ‘I cannot come on your birthday party next month.’
  109. 109. Peter asked Lina, ‘Do you love me?’
  110. 110. My father asked me, ‘Have you prepared for your final exam?’
  111. 111. Anita told Ver, ‘Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!’
  112. 112. My friend asked her, ‘Stay with me forever!’
  113. 113. My headmaster asked me, ‘Where do you live?’</li></li></ul><li>ANY QUESTIONS?<br />Thankyouforyourattention.<br />Have a wonderfulweekend!!!<br />
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