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    Reported speech Reported speech Presentation Transcript

    • DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
      0. GENERAL CHANGES
      1. STATEMENTS
      2. QUESTIONS
      3. COMMANDS
    • 0. CHANGES OF TENSES
      • DIRECT
      • SIMPLE PRESENT
      • PR. CONTINUOUS
      • S.PAST/PR.PERF
      • PR. PERF. CONTIN.
      • AM/ARE/ISGOING TO
      • CAN/WILL/MAY
      / HAVE TO-MUST...
      • INDIRECT
      • SIMPLE PAST
      • PAST CONTINUOUS
      • PAST PERFECT
      • PAST PERF. CONT
      • WAS/WERE GOING TO
      • COULD/WOULD/
      MIGHT/HAD TO…
    • 0. CHANGES OF PRONOUNS (agreementwithsubject)
      • DIRECT
      • I
      • ME
      • MY
      • WE
      • US
      • OUR
      • I
      • ME
      • MY
      E.g. ‘I love my pet.’ _____said.
      • INDIRECT
      • HE/SHE
      • HIM/HER
      • HIS/HER
      • THEY
      • THEM
      • THEIR
      • YOU
      • YOU
      • YOUR
      E.g. He saidhelovedhispet.
      Shesaidshelovedherpet.
      Yousaidyoulovedyourpet.
    • 0. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE
      • DIRECT
      • NOW
      • TODAY
      • TONIGHT
      • YESTERDAY
      • LAST NIGHT
      • LAST WEEK
      • TOMORROW
      • NEXT WEEK
      • HERE
      • THIS
      • THESE
      • INDIRECT
      • THEN
      • THAT DAY
      • THAT NIGHT
      • THE DAY BEFORE
      • THE NIGHT BEFORE
      • THE WEEK BEFORE
      • THE FOLLOWING DAY
      • THE FOLLOWING WEEK
      • THERE
      • THAT
      • THOSE
    • STATEMENT EXAMPLE
      • DIRECT
      • They said to me, ‘we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow.’
      • Jeffry said,’Ididn’t go to school today.’
      • Anne told Agus,‘Myfather got angry with me last night.’
      • INDIRECT
      • They said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.
      • Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.
      • Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with herthe night before.
    • 1. STATEMENTS
      HE SAID
      HE SAID TO ME
      HE TOLD ME
      THAT
      REPORTED WORDS
      Otherverbs:
      explain, answer, reply, announce, state, admit, deny, add, protest, report, promise, think, shout, (dis)agree, thank, etc.
    • STATEMENT Exception:Iftheintroductorysentenceis in thePresent Tense, therewon’tbeanychanges in verb tenses or time and place complements.
      • DIRECT
      • Cindy says, ‘I will come to your house tonight.’
      • Indra says, ‘I have seen that film for twice.’
      • “Dessysays, ‘I meet my boyfriend every saturday.’
      • Chandra says, ‘I don’t like sport.’
      • INDIRECT
      • Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight
      • Indra says that he has seenthat film for twice.
      • Dessy says that shemeets her boyfriend every Saturday.
      • Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.
    • 2. QUESTIONS
      a. Yes / No Question
      HE ASKED ME
      IF/WHETHER
      S + V + COMPLEMENT
      Otherverbs:
      question, wanttoknow, wonder, inquire, etc.
    • A. Yes/No Question Example
      • DIRECT
      • Ricky asked Henry, ‘Does your father work near here?’
      • Mr. Bean asked Cyntia, ‘have you collected your homework?’
      • Dessy asked William, ‘can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?’
      • INDIRECT
      • Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there.
      • Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.
      • Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.
    • 2. QUESTIONS
      b. Wh- Question
      HE ASKED ME
      WHEN/WHAT
      etc.
      S + V + COMPLEMENT
    • b. Wh- Question Example
      • DIRECT
      • Thegirlaskedme, ‘WhereDo you come from?’
      • My fatherasked my brother, ‘Whydidyouarrive at home late lastnight?’
      • Handy askedthegirl, ‘Whatisyourfavoritemoviestar?
      • INDIRECT
      • The girl asked me where I came from.
      • My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before
      • Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was
    • 3. COMMANDS
      a. Possitive Command:
      HE ASKED ME
      HE TOLD ME
      TO
      INFIVITIVE
      Otherverbs:
      beg, order, offer, invite, warn, advise, persuade, forbid, etc.
    • COMMAND EXAMPLE
      • DIRECT
      • The teacher asked me, ‘Open your book page 65!’
      • Siska asked Manu, ‘Give me a piece of paper!’
      • “Ronny told him, ‘Call me tonight!’
      • INDIRECT
      • The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.
      • Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.
      • Ronny told him to call him that night.
    • 3. COMMANDS
      b. Negative Command:
      HE ASKED ME
      HE TOLD ME
      NOT TO
      INFIVITIVE
    • COMMAND EXAMPLE
      • DIRECT
      • Santy asked Edy, ‘Don’t leave me alone anymore!’
      • Valenxia asked Indra, ‘Don’t hurt me anymore!’
      • Subhantold them, ‘Don’t disturb me!’
      • INDIRECT
      • Santy asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore.
      • Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.
      • Subhan told them not to disturb him.
    • EXERCISES
      • DIRECT
      • The students said to the teacher, ‘We haven’t done our assignment.’
      • My uncle said to my sister, ‘I cannot come on your birthday party next month.’
      • Peter asked Lina, ‘Do you love me?’
      • My father asked me, ‘Have you prepared for your final exam?’
      • Anita told Ver, ‘Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!’
      • My friend asked her, ‘Stay with me forever!’
      • My headmaster asked me, ‘Where do you live?’
    • ANY QUESTIONS?
      Thankyouforyourattention.
      Have a wonderfulweekend!!!