DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH 0. GENERAL CHANGES 1. STATEMENTS 2. QUESTIONS 3. COMMANDS
0. CHANGES OF TENSES
PR. PERF. CONTIN.
/ HAVE TO-MUST...
PAST PERF. CONT
WAS/WERE GOING TO
0. CHANGES OF PRONOUNS (agreementwithsubject)
E.g. ‘I love my pet.’ _____said.
E.g. He saidhelovedhispet. Shesaidshelovedherpet. Yousaidyoulovedyourpet.
0. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE
THE DAY BEFORE
THE NIGHT BEFORE
THE WEEK BEFORE
THE FOLLOWING DAY
THE FOLLOWING WEEK
They said to me, ‘we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow.’
Jeffry said,’Ididn’t go to school today.’
Anne told Agus,‘Myfather got angry with me last night.’
They said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.
Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.
Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with herthe night before.
1. STATEMENTS HE SAID HE SAID TO ME HE TOLD ME THAT REPORTED WORDS Otherverbs: explain, answer, reply, announce, state, admit, deny, add, protest, report, promise, think, shout, (dis)agree, thank, etc.
STATEMENT Exception:Iftheintroductorysentenceis in thePresent Tense, therewon’tbeanychanges in verb tenses or time and place complements.
Cindy says, ‘I will come to your house tonight.’
Indra says, ‘I have seen that film for twice.’
“Dessysays, ‘I meet my boyfriend every saturday.’
Chandra says, ‘I don’t like sport.’
Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight
Indra says that he has seenthat film for twice.
Dessy says that shemeets her boyfriend every Saturday.
Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.
2. QUESTIONS a. Yes / No Question HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER S + V + COMPLEMENT Otherverbs: question, wanttoknow, wonder, inquire, etc.
A. Yes/No Question Example
Ricky asked Henry, ‘Does your father work near here?’
Mr. Bean asked Cyntia, ‘have you collected your homework?’
Dessy asked William, ‘can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?’
Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there.
Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.
Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.
2. QUESTIONS b. Wh- Question HE ASKED ME WHEN/WHAT etc. S + V + COMPLEMENT
b. Wh- Question Example
Thegirlaskedme, ‘WhereDo you come from?’
My fatherasked my brother, ‘Whydidyouarrive at home late lastnight?’
Handy askedthegirl, ‘Whatisyourfavoritemoviestar?
The girl asked me where I came from.
My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before
Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was
3. COMMANDS a. Possitive Command: HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME TO INFIVITIVE Otherverbs: beg, order, offer, invite, warn, advise, persuade, forbid, etc.
The teacher asked me, ‘Open your book page 65!’
Siska asked Manu, ‘Give me a piece of paper!’
“Ronny told him, ‘Call me tonight!’
The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.
Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.
Ronny told him to call him that night.
3. COMMANDS b. Negative Command: HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFIVITIVE
Santy asked Edy, ‘Don’t leave me alone anymore!’
Valenxia asked Indra, ‘Don’t hurt me anymore!’
Subhantold them, ‘Don’t disturb me!’
Santy asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore.
Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.
Subhan told them not to disturb him.
The students said to the teacher, ‘We haven’t done our assignment.’
My uncle said to my sister, ‘I cannot come on your birthday party next month.’
Peter asked Lina, ‘Do you love me?’
My father asked me, ‘Have you prepared for your final exam?’
Anita told Ver, ‘Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!’
My friend asked her, ‘Stay with me forever!’
My headmaster asked me, ‘Where do you live?’
ANY QUESTIONS? Thankyouforyourattention. Have a wonderfulweekend!!!