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Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
Passive voice
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Transcript

  • 1. What happened?
    • Tom bought a new mobile phone.
    • A new mobile phone was bought by Tom.
    DOER DOER ( Subject ) (Object)
  • 2. What happened?
    • Tom bought a new mobile phone.
    • A new mobile phone was bought by Tom.
    DOER DOER ( Subject ) (Object) ( Subject ) Emphasis – more IMPORTANT RECEIVER
  • 3. What happened?
    • Tom bought a new mobile phone.
    • A new mobile phone was bought by Tom.
    DOER ( Subject ) (Object) ( Subject ) DOER RECEIVER
  • 4. What happened?
    • Tom bought a new mobile phone.
    • A new mobile phone was bought by Tom . .
    DOER ( Subject ) ( Subject ) RECEIVER DOER
  • 5. Passive Voice What are you going to learn? 1. When to Use Passive Voice 2. Structure of Passive Sentences 3. Passive Verbs in Tenses 4. Passive with Two Objects 5. Causative Passive
  • 6. 1. When Do We Use Passive Voice?
    • When the RECEIVER of an action is the EMPHASIS
    • When it is NOT NECESSARY to mention the DOER of an action
    • C. When the DOER of an action is NOT KNOWN
  • 7. 1.A. When the RECEIVER of the action is the EMPHASIS
    • Example:
    • Look! A mermaid is found by the fishermen!
    •  What is the main message of the sentence?
  • 8.
    • As the emphasis is on the mermaid , we start the sentence with ‘ A mermaid ’ to attract readers’ attention to the receiver of the action.
  • 9.
    • Example:
    • This table is reserved for Hong Kong people.
    • As the emphasis is on the table , we start the sentence with ‘ This table ’ to attract readers’ attention to the receiver of the action.
  • 10. 1.B. When it is NOT NECESSARY to mention the DOER of the action
    • Example:
    • I was born in August.
    •  Is it necessary to mention WHO gave birth to you?
    • (  Who else would it be if not your mom??!!)
  • 11.
    • As the doer of the action is understood , we can omit it and start the sentence with the receiver of the action, i.e. ‘ I ’ .
  • 12. 1.C. When the DOER is NOT KNOWN
    • Example:
    • Miss Leung’s diamond ring was stolen !!
    •  Who stole the ring?
  • 13. We do not know who stole the diamond ring.
    • So, the doer is not known . Instead of starting the sentence with ‘somebody’, i.e., ‘Somebody stole Miss Leung’s diamond ring’, we can omit the doer of the action and start the sentence with the receiver of the action, i.e., ‘ Miss Leung’s diamond ring ’.
  • 14. 2. Structure of Passive Sentences
    • Active : S + V + O
    • Passive : S + Be + past participle+ by + O
    • EX : My father planted this tree last year.
    • This tree was planted by my father last year.
  • 15. 3. Passive Verbs
      • Syntactic Structure
      • ACTIVE ----------------------- PASSIVE
      • e.g. eats ----------------------- is eaten
      • i.e. verb ----------------------- be + p.p.
      • Note: “be” is changed according to
      • the tense of the sentence
      • the number (singular/plural) of the subject of the sentence.
  • 16. 3. Passive Verbs
    • 3.1 Present Tenses
    • Tenses Active Passive
    • Present - Simple -eats -is eaten
    • - Continuous -is eating -is being eaten
    • - Perfect -has eaten -has been eaten
  • 17.
    • 3.2 Past Tenses
    • Now, try to complete the following table:
    • Tenses Active Passive
    • Past - Simple -ate
    • - Continuous -was eating
    • - Perfect -had eaten
  • 18. ANSWERS
    • Tenses Active Passive
    • Past - Simple -ate -was eaten
    • - Continuous -was eating -was being eaten
    • - Perfect -had eaten -had been eaten
  • 19.
    • 3.3 Future Tenses
    • Please complete the following table:
    • Tense Active Passive
    • Future - Simple -will eat
    • - Going to - is going to eat
  • 20. ANSWERS
    • Tense Active Passive
    • Future - Simple -will eat -will be eaten
    • - Going to - is going to eat - is going to be eaten
  • 21. Some examples:
    • He is writing a novel at the moment.
    • A novel is being written (by him) at the moment.
    • He reads books every day.
    • Books are read (by him) every day.
    • He has just finished a novel.
    • A novel has just been finished (by him).
  • 22. Some practice:
    • Japanese people will export many cars next year.
    • We can’t solve this problem .
    • They have opened a new bank in my town.
    • Cervantes wrote Don Quixote in 1605.
    • She’s going to publish a new novel.
    • People speak English all over the world.
    • Somebody had painted my front door.
  • 23. Answers:
    • Many cars will be exported by J. people next year.
    • This problem can’t be solved (by us).
    • A new bank has been opened in my town.
    • Don Quixote was written (by Cervantes) in 1605.
    • A new novel is going to be published (by her).
    • English is spoken all over the world.
    • My front door had painted been painted.
  • 24. 4. Passive with two objects
    • Active : S + V + IO + DO
    • Passive 1: S + Be +past part.+ DO+ by + O
    • Passive 2 : S + Be + p ast part. + to + IO+ by + O
    • E.g. They gave Mary a dress for her birthday.
    • 1: Mary was given a dress for her birthday.
    • 2: A dress was given to Mary for her birthday.
  • 25. Some practice:
    • They offered him a salary increase.
    • We can’t give our staff better working conditions.
    • They asked me a lot of questions at the interview.
    • My friend told me a secret.
    • Those children have taught us a lesson.
  • 26. Answers:
    • He was offered a salary increase.
    • Our staff can’t be given better working conditions.
    • I was asked a lot of questions at the interview.
    • I was told a secret (by my friend).
    • We have been taught a lesson (by those children).
  • 27. 5. Causative Passive
    • Structure : S + Has/Have/Get + O 2 + PP
    • Use: when the subject is not the real doer, s/he just makes another person do the action.
    • My father had his car washed (by Tom).
    • I’m having my wedding dress made (by V&L).
    • She’ll have her hair cut (by her hairdresser).
  • 28. Some practice:
    • Estoy arreglando el coche (¡no yo!).
    • A María se hizo una casa nueva (¡ella no!).
    • ¿Te vas a cortar el pelo? (¡tú no!)
  • 29. Answers:
    • I’m having my car repaired.
    • María had a new house built.
    • Are you going to have your hair cut?
  • 30. Relevant Websites
    • http://www.english4us.com
    • http://www.telenex.hku.hk
  • 31.
    • You HAVE BEEN TAUGHT :
    • when to use passive voice
  • 32. Congratulations!!
    • You HAVE BEEN TAUGHT :
    • when to use passive voice
    • how to form passive verbs
    • 3 types of passive sentences
    Give yourselves a BIG BIG HAND!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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